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Year 1 Anatomy > White Book Cards (BACK) > Flashcards

Flashcards in White Book Cards (BACK) Deck (33)
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1

How many vertebra are found in each of the following regions, Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral and coccygeal?

Cervical - 7
Thoracic - 12
Lumbar - 5
Sacral - 5
Coccygeal - 1

2

How many bones does the coccyx comprise of?

4

3

What is the name given to each of the following vertebra, C1, C2, C7?

Atlas, Axis, Vertebra Prominens

4

Which type of vertebra contains the foramen transversarium?

The cervical vertebrae

5

What is the size of the transverse processes of the cervical vertebra?

They are small

6

What direction do the spinous processes of the cervical vertebra extend?

Anteriorly, they also have a small spinous process

7

What is the size of the disk in the cervical vertebra compared to the size of the body?

Large disk compared to the size of the body

8

What direction do the spinous process' of the thoracic vertebra extend?

Most project inferiorly

9

Do the thoracic vertebra contain articulating facets for ribs?

Yes

10

Describe the structure of the transvers process and the spinous process in the thoracic vertebra?

Spinous - Long and fairly thick
Transverse - large

11

Describe the size of the intervertebral disks in the thoracic vertebra

Thin

12

Describe the structure of the transvers process and the spinous process in the lumbar vertebra?

Spinous - Short and blunt
Transverse - Large and blunt

13

How large are the intervertebral disks in the lumbar region?

Massive

14

What direction do the spinous processes of the lumbar vertebra extend?

Posteriorly

15

Which plane do the articulating facets of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae lie

Cervical - Transverse
Thoracic - Coronal
Lumbar - Sigital

16

What movement is permitted in the cervical, thoracic and the lumbar region?

Cervical - just about everything
Thoracic - Lateral flexion and rotation
Lumbar - Flexion and extension

17

Where do the erector spinae muscles lie?

Posteriorly between the spinous processes and the transverse processes

18

How is an increased intra-abdominal pressure achieved?

Trunk flexors and extensors contract simultaneously

19

Where is the spine of the scapula

Spine of T3

20

Where is the inferior spine of the scapula?

T7

21

Where is the spine of the iliac crest?

l4

22

What causes the plasma to leave the capillary beds?

High hydrostatic pressure

23

Where is the germinal centre?

In the lymph nodule

24

What are the other parts of the lymph node besides the lymph nodules?

Deep cortex, medulla, capsule

25

Where is the thoracic duct located?

On the vertebral bodies between the azygous vein and the aorta on the right side of the posterior thoracic wall.

26

What is drained by the right lymphatic duct?

The upper right quadrant

27

What does the thoracic duct drain into?

The medial end of the left subclavian vein.

28

What is the function of the filum terminale?

Anchors the spinal chord

29

Describe the shape of the dorsal horn

Long and thin

30

Between what two structures is the spinal epidural space found?

Between the spinal dura and the periosteum covering the vertebral bodies