Why did the Liberals introduce reforms? Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Why did the Liberals introduce reforms? Deck (18):
1

Why was employment a factor?

Many people worked in industries that had unregulated employment or had to work long hours for bad pay- people were very poor

2

How were dock workers employed?

On a casual basis- they would turn up and see if there was any work for them to do

3

It was common for dock workers and building workers to only get how many days of work a week?

3

4

Where were the worst working conditions?

The Sweated Trades- e.g. making matchboxes, pins, chains or shovels

5

Which three people influenced the Liberals to introduce reforms?

Seebohm Rowntree, Charles Booth and John Galt

6

The top __% of the country's population owned __% of the country's wealth`

10, 92

7

When did the Boer War take place?

1899-1902

8

Why was the army a factor?

Britain was at war defending its territory, but its army was very inefficient and was not doing well

9

What percentage of recruits who volunteered were found to be unfit for service as a result of ill health?

50%

10

From 1870 onwards, which two countries were threatening Britain's position as the world's leading industrial power?

USA and Germany

11

By what year had USA and Germany overtaken Britain as an industrial power?

1900

12

Who were the Liberals main political rivals?

The Conservatives

13

What had the Conservatives done when they were in power?

Introduced several welfare measures

14

How did the Conservatives react to the reforms and why?

The Conservatives opposed the cost and idea of the state looking after everyone- a 'nanny state'.

15

Why did the Conservatives think what they did about the Liberal Reforms?

Many of them were land owners so the taxes affected them more heavily

16

When was the People's Budget introduced?

1909

17

What did the Labour Party think about the Liberal Reforms?

Keir Hardy, the leader of the Labour Party, thought that the reforms had not gone far enough and that they were too limited to help people properly

18

What did the Liberals pass in favour of the Labour party?

The Trade Disputes Act- it allowed Trade Unions to fund Labour MPs (Trade Unions weren't funding Labour MPs because of the Osborne judgement)