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Flashcards in Wildfires Deck (14):
0

Define wildfire

An uncontrolled fire within vegetation in the countryside

1

Give some primary effects of a wildfire

Death or injury from flames
Property's damaged
Vegetation ruined
Air pollution
Health problems

2

Give some secondary affects of wildfires

Loss of jobs
Decline in tourism
Homelessness
Soil erosion from lack of vegetation
Animals may become extinct or endangered

3

Where do wildfires occur?

On every continent but Antarctica in hot drought like areas

4

What 3 conditions do wildfires need to burn?

Heat fuel and oxygen

5

What are natural causes of wildfires

Lightning
Spontaneous heating e.g branches
Ash and lava from volcanoes

6

Name human causes of wildfires

Arson
Sparks from trains
Chimneys
Cigarettes
Matches

7

What is an medc example of a wildfire

Black Saturday bush fires victoria
Causes
Major drought and change in wind direction
Effects-
400 injured
117 killed
2,000 homes destroyed
Temporary accommodation for 7,000

Aid quick to come

8

What is an ledc example of a wildfire

Kenya 2012
Causes
major drought
illegal trade
dry grassland
arson
Effects
Grassland destroyed
Injured wildlife
Loss of vegetation
Accommodation for 650 families

Aid was slow to come worldwide due to the strong winds

9

How can you prevent wildfires

Remove fuel from at risk areas
Organise controlled burning of dead material
Educate public such as smokey bear

10

How do the emergency services deal
With wildfires

They spray water on burning areas
Air drops in areas they cannot reach with substance called sky jello
Spray ahead of fires
Build fire breaks
Burn a controlled backfire to remove oxygen

11

What is needed in an evacuation kit

Torch clothes food first aid batteries sanitary materials

12

Will there be more in the future or no?

Yes

Increase over years
Land affected increased
More vegetation has been destroyed
Climate change

No

Natural cycle
Random process

13

Why do we protect people from wildfires.

Economic reasons, environment and the population.