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Flashcards in Wine - General Bar Essentials Deck (48)
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1

What are bitters?

Aromatic mixture with a high alcohol content, used as a flavoring, made from herbal extracts

E.g. Angostura bitters, Abbott's bitters, orange bitters, peach bitters

2

What is grenadine?

Sweet syrup flavored by pomegranates, used to sweeten and color

3

Why is bar sugar finer than normal sugar?

It dissolves more easily in cold drinks

4

What are 2 drinks that require frosted glasses?

Gimlet and Cosmopolitan

5

What are 2 drinks that require a salted-rim glass?

Margarita and salty dog.

6

What is tonic water?

Soda water flavored with fruit extracts, sugar, and quinine

7

What is seltzer water?


Soda water with sodium bicarbonite,
very slightly salty

8

What is sparkling mineral water?

Purified soda water?

9

What are 2 popular brands of sparkling mineral water?

Perrier and San Pellegrino.

10

What is an apertif?

Refreshing drink typically served before a meal to stimulate the appetite. An apertif typically includes gin, vermouth or campari.

11

What is a "back"?

A non-alcoholic drink such as water or a soft drink served in a separate glass along with an alcoholic drink.

12

What is a call drink?

To request a brand name liquor when ordering a drink.

13

What is the definition of a "cocktail"?

An iced drink of wine or distilled liquor mixed with flavoring ingredients.

14

What is a dash?

Smallest bar measurement specifying a quantity of liquid. Approximately 1.2 mL.

15

What is a digestif?

Drink served after a meal to aid in digestion. Used to refer not only to a cocktail, but to a style of liqueur such as amaros.

Often bitter herbal liqueur.

16

What is meant by making a drink dry?

Refers to the quantity of vermouth in a cocktail.

17

What is the definition of liquor?

A beverage distilled from alcohol. Usually made from grains or fruits, but any organic substance that ferments can be used as the primary ingredient.

AKA - spirits.

18

What is neat?

Neat is used to order a drink is served with no ice or mixer, just a straight pour of liquor into the glass.

Word "straight" can also be used.

19

What is "on the rocks"?

Drink over ice.

20

What is a traditional cocktail shaker?

Metal shaker with tight fitting strainer.

21

What is a boston shaker?

Shaker with dual purpose because it is comprised of 16 oz mixing glass and larger flat-bottomed tin.

Typically used by professional bartenders and requires the use of a strainer.

22

What is a hawthrone strainer?

For drinks that are shaken or stirred with ice and other fruit, herbs or other solid ingredients from the liquid.

23

What is a julep strainer?

Perforated stainless steel and in the shape of an over-sized soup spoon with holes.

24

What is a jigger?

Metal measuring devices that have two cones on either end. Larger cone typically 1.5 ounces; the smaller holds .75-1 ounce.

25

What is a muddler?

Thick stick made of wood, steel or plastic that is used to mash ingredients in the bottom of a glass.

Often used to mix sugars, bitters and extract juices and oils from fruit or mint.

26

Fruit flavor combinations - what does almond pair well with?

Apple, apricot, banana, caramel, cherry, coffee, fig, honey, orange, peach, pear, plum

27

Fruit flavor combinations - what does apple pair well with?

Caramel, cardamom, chestnut, cinnamon, cranberry, currant, ginger, hazelnut, mango, maple, rosemary, walnut.

28

Fruit flavor combinations - what does apricot pair well with?

almond, black pepper, caramel, cardamom, ginger, hazelnut, honey, orange, peach, vanilla, plum, Sauternes, wine

29

Fruit flavor combinations - what does blackberry pair well with?

apricot, black pepper, champagne, cinnamon, citrus, hazelnut, lemon, other berries, peach, plum, Port wine

30

Fruit flavor combinations - what does blueberry pair well with?

lemon verbena, other berries, cardamom, mango, lemon, hazelnut, ginger, fig, lavender, other citrus,