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Flashcards in Wine - General Bar Essentials Deck (48)
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What are bitters?

Aromatic mixture with a high alcohol content, used as a flavoring, made from herbal extracts

E.g. Angostura bitters, Abbott's bitters, orange bitters, peach bitters


What is grenadine?

Sweet syrup flavored by pomegranates, used to sweeten and color


Why is bar sugar finer than normal sugar?

It dissolves more easily in cold drinks


What are 2 drinks that require frosted glasses?

Gimlet and Cosmopolitan


What are 2 drinks that require a salted-rim glass?

Margarita and salty dog.


What is tonic water?

Soda water flavored with fruit extracts, sugar, and quinine


What is seltzer water?

Soda water with sodium bicarbonite,
very slightly salty


What is sparkling mineral water?

Purified soda water?


What are 2 popular brands of sparkling mineral water?

Perrier and San Pellegrino.


What is an apertif?

Refreshing drink typically served before a meal to stimulate the appetite. An apertif typically includes gin, vermouth or campari.


What is a "back"?

A non-alcoholic drink such as water or a soft drink served in a separate glass along with an alcoholic drink.


What is a call drink?

To request a brand name liquor when ordering a drink.


What is the definition of a "cocktail"?

An iced drink of wine or distilled liquor mixed with flavoring ingredients.


What is a dash?

Smallest bar measurement specifying a quantity of liquid. Approximately 1.2 mL.


What is a digestif?

Drink served after a meal to aid in digestion. Used to refer not only to a cocktail, but to a style of liqueur such as amaros.

Often bitter herbal liqueur.


What is meant by making a drink dry?

Refers to the quantity of vermouth in a cocktail.


What is the definition of liquor?

A beverage distilled from alcohol. Usually made from grains or fruits, but any organic substance that ferments can be used as the primary ingredient.

AKA - spirits.


What is neat?

Neat is used to order a drink is served with no ice or mixer, just a straight pour of liquor into the glass.

Word "straight" can also be used.


What is "on the rocks"?

Drink over ice.


What is a traditional cocktail shaker?

Metal shaker with tight fitting strainer.


What is a boston shaker?

Shaker with dual purpose because it is comprised of 16 oz mixing glass and larger flat-bottomed tin.

Typically used by professional bartenders and requires the use of a strainer.


What is a hawthrone strainer?

For drinks that are shaken or stirred with ice and other fruit, herbs or other solid ingredients from the liquid.


What is a julep strainer?

Perforated stainless steel and in the shape of an over-sized soup spoon with holes.


What is a jigger?

Metal measuring devices that have two cones on either end. Larger cone typically 1.5 ounces; the smaller holds .75-1 ounce.


What is a muddler?

Thick stick made of wood, steel or plastic that is used to mash ingredients in the bottom of a glass.

Often used to mix sugars, bitters and extract juices and oils from fruit or mint.


Fruit flavor combinations - what does almond pair well with?

Apple, apricot, banana, caramel, cherry, coffee, fig, honey, orange, peach, pear, plum


Fruit flavor combinations - what does apple pair well with?

Caramel, cardamom, chestnut, cinnamon, cranberry, currant, ginger, hazelnut, mango, maple, rosemary, walnut.


Fruit flavor combinations - what does apricot pair well with?

almond, black pepper, caramel, cardamom, ginger, hazelnut, honey, orange, peach, vanilla, plum, Sauternes, wine


Fruit flavor combinations - what does blackberry pair well with?

apricot, black pepper, champagne, cinnamon, citrus, hazelnut, lemon, other berries, peach, plum, Port wine


Fruit flavor combinations - what does blueberry pair well with?

lemon verbena, other berries, cardamom, mango, lemon, hazelnut, ginger, fig, lavender, other citrus,