Flashcards in Winter Celebration IV Deck (14)
How many group returns were covered in Ezra-Nehemiah
Zerubabbel- built alter and Temple foundation, establish political leadership since he was David descendant
Ezra- descendant of Aaron, brought community back into right relationship with God (got rid of foreign wives)
Nehemiah- cup bearer to King, built the walls in 52 days, settlements inside city and outside city
Which empire and which king sent the original group back to Jerusalem.
Cyrus, Persian Empire
Know what the significance of Zerubbabel was to the people.
Know what the significance of Ezra was to the people.
Aaronic descendent, priest to reestablish Yahwism
Know which empire was overthrown in order Cyrus to rule.
How was Nehemiah able to go back to Jerusalem?
The king saw he was sad, Nehemiah asked to go back, King gave letters
Name the main characters in Esther.
Esther (Hadassah), Mordecai, Haman, Ahasuerus, Hegai the Eunuch
Be able to give a basic timeline of Ezra/Nehemiah/Esther.
SECOND Ezra - 458 BC
THIRD Nehemiah - 445 BC
FIRST Esther - 483 BC
What holiday is initiated in Esther?
Be familiar with periods of time, like about how long between the return of Zerubbabel and Ezra, or Ezra and Nehemiah, or the construction time for the Temple or the walls of Jerusalem.
80 years between first and second returns
13 years between Ezra’s second return and Nehemiah’s arrival (page 248)
52 days to rebuild walls
20 years to rebuild the Temple
Be able to tell the story of Esther, with all the important parts.
Esther is raised my Mordecai
Esther becomes queen to replace Vashti with Hegai’s help
Haman hates jews, especially Mordecai for not bowing
Mordecai presses Esther to save people
Mordecai saves King from assassination plot, eventually
Haman leads him around with find robe and horse
after a 3 day fast and 2 dinner parties, Haman is hung on his own gallows
King gives Jews right to strike down their enemies for a few days
Be able to tell the story of Ezra, with all the important parts.
Proclamation of Cyrus, exiles return
Zerubabbel and Joshua the priest restore altar and start with Temple foundation
after Sandballat and nasty Samaritans, resources depleted
Work stopped by the King Artaxerxes, but restarted by King Darius
Temple completed and celebration
Ezra returns with more exiles to find many have intermarried and follow syncretistic ways.
Ezra casts out foreign wives and focuses on restoring community
Be able to tell the story of Nehemiah, with all the important parts.
King wants Nehemiah to be happy, so he temporarily sends him to rebuild Jerusalem
rebuilds walls and gates through fierce opposition. tool in one hand and sword in the other.
adds on gates
also cuts out usury practices and cleans up leadership and social justice issues
lists people according to genealogy
establishes inner and outer city limit residents