WISEMD Pediatric Hernia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WISEMD Pediatric Hernia Deck (12)
1

What are the four ways a processus vaginalis can close improperly?

1) PV closes distally but not proximally (hernia)
2) PV remains open (scrotal hernia)
3) PV closes proximally but not distally (hydrocele [noncommunicating] - cord structures are palpated in the inguinal ring)
4) PV almost closes, but leaves small channel opened (communicating hydrocele, no hernia)

2

At what age is the highest incidence of incarceration for an inguinal hernia?

3

What treatment is required for strangulation?

Emergency surgery. Therefore, surgeries in children should be scheduled for elective repair ASAP

4

When are labs indicated for a routine hernia repair in a pediatric patient?

1) Underlying illness
2) Very young
3) Ex-premature baby

5

What can be ordered to check for infectious cause if the mass is not a hernia or hydrocele?

Urinalysis

6

What test may be indicated in a pediatric patient if both testes are truly absent?

B-hCG

7

What labs should be drawn in emergency situations for an inguinal mass in a pediatric patient?

CBC, electrolytes, and type and screen

8

Is imaging required for pediatric hernia or hydrocele?

No

9

What inguinal masses in pediatric patients can undergo imaging for further testing?

1) Suspicion of testicular mass
2) Lymphadenopathy
3) Undescended testis

10

If a testicular torsion is suspected, what imaging can be done promptly?

Color doppler ultrasound to visualize blood flow to the testis

11

If an incarcerated hernia presents with evidence of bowel obstruction, what is the next step?

Emergent surgery without imaging

12

What are exceptions to quickly schedule a hernia repair in an infant?

1) Large defect in little danger of incarceration
2) High anesthesia risk (newborn, ex-premies in first 2 months of life)