Flashcards in Wood Deck (10)
What is softwood?
Woods from Coniferous Trees (Evergreen),
They Grow faster than Hardwoods (cheaper),
Grow tall and straight (easier for manufacturers to cut)
What is Hardwood?
Woods from Deciduous Trees (Lose leaves in winter),
Grow Slower (more expensive)
What are examples of natural woods?
Ash, Birch, Oak, Pine, Mahogany
What are examples of manufactured woods?
Blockboard, Chipboard, Hardboard, Plywood, MDF (Medium Density Fibreboard)
What are different softwoods used for?
Scott’s Pine- DIY & cheap furniture
Parana Pine- Good quality, knot free furniture e.g. doors & stair cases
What are different hardwoods used for?
Beech- furniture, toys & tool handles
Oak - high class furniture, boats, beams for buildings, veneers
Mahogany - expensive indoor furniture, shop fittings, bars, veneers
Ash - tool handles
What are the ‘3 Fs’
What happens during the felling process?
Bark is removed
Trunk is either Slab or Quarter Sawn
The wood is the Seasoned (Dried to it make stronger)
What happens during the forming process?
The wood then:
Has its edges smoothed (planned square edge) OR
Is not smoothed (Rough Sawn)OR
Has its edges used for skirting boards or frames for doors/picture frames(Mouldings) OR
Has thin cuts of wood glued onto other materials for a nicer appearance (Veneers)