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Hesi A2 Exam Vocabulary > Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in Words Deck (142)
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Abstain

Stay away from something

1

Abrupt

Sudden

2

Access

Enter

3

Accountable

Responsible

4

Adhere

Stick together

5

Adverse

Undesired, harmful

6

Affect

Impact, influence

7

Annual

Occurring every year

8

Apply

To place or to put on

9

Audible

To be heard, or perceptible

10

Bilateral

On both sides

11

Cardiac

Related to the heart

12

Cast

Hard protective device applied to protect broken bones

13

Cavity

Opening or empty area

14

Cease

To end

15

Compensatory

Offsetting or making up for something

16

Complication

Undesired problem

17

Comply

Do as directed

18

Concave

Rounded inward

19

Concise

Brief to the point

20

Consistency

Degree of viscosity

21

Constrict

To shrink or become smaller

22

Contingent

Dependent

23

Contour

Shape or outline

24

Contract

To reduce in size

25

Contraindication

Why something is not advisable and should not be done.

26

Defecate

Expel feces

27

Deficit

A deficiency or lack of something

28

Depress

Press downward

29

Depth

Measure how deep is is something downward from the surface

30

Deteriorating

Worsening

31

Device

Tool or piece of equipment

32

Diagnosis

Identification of injury or disease

33

Diameter

Distance across the center

34

Dilate

To enlarge or expand

35

Dilute

To make a liquid less concentrated

36

Discrete

Disconnected, Separated ( like the chicken pox lesions)

37

Distended

Enlarged or swollen. "Distended stomach"

38

Dysfunction

Abnormal functioning

39

Elevate

To lift up

40

Endogenous

Produced within the body

41

Exacerbate

To make worse or more severe

42

Excess

Surplus (more than what is needed)

43

Exogenous

Produced outside of the body

44

Expand

To increase in size or amount

45

Exposure

Contact with someone or something

46

External

Located outside of the body

47

Fatal

Resulting in death

48

Fatigue

Extreme tiredness, exhaustion

49

Flaccid

Limp, lacking tone

50

Flushed

Reddened appearance

51

Gaping

Wide open

52

Gastrointestinal

Related to the stomach and intestines

53

Gender

Male or Female (the sex of a person)

54

Hematologic

Blood related

55

Hydration

Maintenance of bloody fluids

56

Hygiene

Cleanliness

57

Impaired

Lacking some usual quality or level

58

Impending

Be about to happen. "My impending departure"

59

Incidence

Occurrence

60

Infection

Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogens

61

Inflamed

Reddened, swollen, warm and often tender

62

Ingest

To swallow

63

Initiate

To start something

64

Insidious

Proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects.
"Sexually transmitted diseases can be insidious and sometimes without symptoms."

65

Intact

Not damaged or impaired in any way; complete. ( in place)

66

Internal

Within the body

67

Invasive

Involving entry into the body by cutting or by inserting an instrument

68

Labile

Changing rapidly or Volatile

69

Laceration

A deep cut to the skin or flesh.

70

Latent

Present but not active or visible. ( Like cancer)

71

Lethargic

Difficult to arouse

72

Manifestation

Indication or sign of a condition. (Like the rash in chicken pox is the manifestation of the varicella zoster virus.)

73

Musculoskeletal

Relating to muscle

74

Neurologic

Related to the nervous system

75

Neurovascular

Related to the nervous system and blood vessels

76

Nutrient

Ingredient that provides nourishment

77

Occluded

Closed or obstructed. Makeup can occlude the pores of the skin.

78

Ominous

Important

79

Ongoing

Continuous

80

Oral

Given trough or affecting the mouth

81

Overt

Obvious, evident, easily observed.

82

Parameter

A characteristic or constant factor, limit.

83

Paroxysmal

Sudden, violent outburst. For example a sudden, abrupt breathing pattern.

84

Patent

Open

85

Pathology

Processes, causes or effects of a disease

86

Posterior

Behind

87

Potent

Strong

88

Potential

Capable of occurring or likely to occur

89

Precaution

Preventive measure

90

Precipitous

Rapid, uncontrolled

91

Predispose

To make something more likely to occur. To expose to something.

92

Preexisting

Already present

93

Primary

First

94

Priority

Of great importance

95

Prognosis

Anticipated or expected outcome

96

Rationale

The underlying reason. (Az oka valaminek)

97

Recur

To occur again

98

Renal

Related to the kidney

99

Respiration

Breathing

100

Restrict

To limit. For example to limit fluid intake

101

Retain

To hold or keep ( for example to hold fluid, swelling)

102

Site

Location

103

Status (The patient's status is her/his ...)

Condition

104

Strict

Stringent, exact, complete, enforcing rules

105

Sublingual

Under the tongue

106

Supplement

To take in addition

107

Suppress

Stop

108

Symmetric

Being equal or same in size or shape

109

Symptom

Indication if a problem

110

Syndrome

Group of symptoms that together reflect a specific disease or disorder.

111

Therapeutic

- Producing good effects on your body or mind
- Of or relating to the treatment of illness

112

Transdermal

Crossing trough the skin

113

Transmission

Transfer, such as of disease

114

Trauma

Injury, wound

115

Triage

Determine the priority of treatment for patients according to the severity of a patient's condition.

116

Untoward

Negative, not good, adverse

117

Urinate

Excrete urine

118

Vascular

Related to blood vessels

119

Verbal

Spoken

120

Virus

Microscopic infectious agent usually causing infectious disease

121

Vital

Essential

122

Void

Excrete urine from the body.

123

Volume

Amount of space occupied by fluid

124

Distal

Further away from the point of attachment

125

Proximal

Closer to the point of attachment

126

Inferior

Below

127

Superior

Above

128

Anterior

Facing forward

129

Posterior

Toward the back

130

Saggital ( body cut)

The median plane of the body. ( between legs, breast middle cut)

131

Transverse ( body cut)

(Also called the horizontal plane, axial plane, or transaxial plane) An imaginary plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts.

132

Frontal ( body cut)

The coronal or frontal plane divides the body into dorsal and ventral (back and front, or posterior and anterior) portions.

133

Docile

Easily thought or handled. Bring compliant.

134

Progeny

Offspring

135

Indigent people

Poor people

136

Febrile

Having fever

137

Decomposition

Lysis

138

Implement something

Cause it to happen.

139

Unseemly

Inappropriate

140

Proliferation

Increase

141

Ravenous

Hungry