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Flashcards in workshop 1 b Deck (11)
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State the problem

Distinguish between ethical problems and other
medical, social cultural, linguistic and legal issues


Get the facts

Find out as much as you can about the problem. Take
time to listen to the patient. Find the facts that you
don't have


Consider the
ethical principles

Consider autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence,
justice, confidentiality/privacy and veracity


Consider how the problem would look
from another perspective

How would another person view this issue or


Identify the
ethical conflicts

Explain how the ethical conflicts occur and how they
might be resolved


Consider the law Identify relevant legal concepts and laws.

How can
you apply the NMBA standards and codes?


Make the ethical

What is the right thing to do?


Voluntary Assisted Dying
western Australia

nsw-- assisted dying in any form is illegal
– legislation failed to pass in 2017
– a person has the right to refuse treatment or request
withdrawal of treatment

Victoria – Voluntary assisted dying is legal in limited circumstances
• Western Australia - legal as of 1 July 2021
• Tasmania - on a date to be confirmed
• VAD is not lawful in other Australian States and Territories, though
this may change in the future as other jurisdictions consider law
reform in this area


VIC - Voluntary Assisted Dying Act 2017

• Eligibility criteria

– over 18 years
– incurable disease causing intolerable suffering
that cannot be relieved
– prognosis of less than six months (or 12 months
for neurodegenerative conditions)
– decision-making capacity
– decision made at the time of being unwell



Duty of Care
• Relationship must exist
• Easily established in healthcare and patient
• Actions linked to effect on patient
• Neighbour principle set out in law


The tort of negligence applied to
nursing practice

1. There must be a duty of care (nurse to patient)
2. There must be a breach of that duty (nurse’s
conduct fell below the expected standard)
3. The loss or damage sustained by the patient
was a direct result of the nurse’s breach of duty
4. The loss or damage was reasonably foreseeable
• The intentions of the person are irrelevant
• The nurse’s failure to meet the legal
expectations of care underpin the concept of