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9 WEEKS TEST > World Geography > Flashcards

Flashcards in World Geography Deck (70):
1

What is located in Greenwich, England?

Prime Meridian

2

Which lines run parallel of the Equator?

Latitude

3

What percentage of earth is made up of water?

70%

4

The lithosphere consists of the earth's what?

land

5

The hydrosphere consists of earth's what?

water

6

How many inches per year do the plates in the earth move?

4 inches

7

How many miles is the earth from the sun?

93,000,000

8

What is the diameter of the earth?

8,000 miles

9

Earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis are created by _____________ forces.

internal

10

What is made up of thick rock such as silicon, oxygen, aluminum, and iron?

mantle

11

Which tropic is located at 23.5 degrees S?

Capricorn

12

Which tropic is located at 23.5 degrees N?

Cancer

13

What are winds that blow in constant patterns?

prevailing

14

Which area on the Equator is usually windless?

Doldrums

15

Which direction do the ocean currents flow in the Southern Hemisphere?

counter-clockwise

16

What are the five themes of geography?

human/environment interaction
location
region
place
movement

17

What is the highest point of the earth's surface?

Mount Everest

18

What is the lowest point of the earth's surface?

Dead Sea

19

What is the difference between a physical and a political map?

physical- focuses on Earth's physical features (mountains, rivers, etc.)
political- shows boundaries between states and/or countries

20

What is the deepest part of the ocean?

Mariana Trench

21

List the 7 continents.

North America
South America
Africa
Europe
Asia
Australia
Antartica

22

List the 5 oceans.

Pacific
Atlantic
Indian
Arctic
Southern

23

What is midnight sun?

a period of time in which the sun does not set

24

What is significant about an equinox?

there is an equal amount of day and night

25

What does the word "geographia" mean? Why do we study geography?

It is Greek for "geography" and means "Earth's Description." We study geography so that we can better understand what is happening in the world around us.

26

Define autocracy.

ruled by one

27

Define oligarchy.

ruled by few

28

Give a few examples of a totalitarian dictator.

Adolf Hitler
Joseph Stalin
Kim John Un

29

How does a direct democracy work?

the people directly vote to make decisions

30

What is the oldest and most common form of government throughout history?

autocracy

31

How does a representative democracy function?

the people elect major representatives who make major decisions

32

What kind of economy states that the government owns or directs the means of production and controls distribution of goods?

Command economy

33

In your opinion, what is the best system of government and economics that we have talked about? Support your answer.

I believe that the best form of government is a direct democracy because the people could directly decide what they want their country to be doing.
I believe that the best economic system is a mixed economy because with fair competition, there would not be one main business that would have ridiculously high prices.

34

What is the hottest and lowest place in the US? How hot did it get here once setting the record?

Death Valley
134°

35

How far do the Rocky Mountains extend?

3,000 miles
begins in New Mexico
ends in Alaska

36

Which US state is first in natural gas reserves?

Texas

37

What are North America's oldest mountains and the continent's second longest mountain range?

the Appalachian Mountains

38

Why is New York City's Manhattan Island important?

it's one of the country and world's most important economic trade centers

39

What percentage of earth's surface do the US and Canada cover?

12%

40

Which state is composed of volcanic mountaintops?

Hawaii

41

What is a major source of hydroelectric power for the US and Canada?

Niagara Falls

42

How were the Great Lakes formed?

glaciers carved holes into the earth

43

How does Canada's weather affect the US?

the winds from Canada blow either warm or cool air south into the US

44

Where is the majority of oil and natural gas reserves located in Canada?

Alberta

45

Where is the world's largest island?

Greenland

46

List some of the deserts in North America.

Great Salt Lake Desert
Mojave Desert
Death Valley

47

What is the name of the US epidemic during the 1930's that destroyed many crops and caused numerous agricultural problems?

Dust Bowl

48

Explain Canada's abundance of minerals.

20% of the world potash
18% copper
14% gold
12% silver

49

The high ridge of the Rockies is called the Continental Divide. What is significant about the Divide?

it decides whether rivers flow East, to the Atlantic, or West, to the Pacific

50

How many miles does the MS River flow? Which state does the MS River begin in? How many square miles does it drain and how many US states and Canadian provinces are drained as a result?

flows 2,350 miles
from Minnesota down to the Gulf of Mexico
drains 1.2 million square miles
31 US states
2 Canadian provinces

51

List the names of mountains in Mexico, Central America, and South America.

Sierra Madre
Central Highlands
Andes

52

What is the land area of Latin America? What percentage of earth's surface is covered?

8 million per square mile
16%

53

What are the three groups of the Caribbean islands?

Bahamas
Greater Antilles
Lesser Antilles

54

Where is Patagonia?

Argentina

55

Where is are the world's finest emeralds found?

Colombia

56

Which two Latin American countries are leading oil producers?

Mexico
Venezuela

57

What is the largest lake in Central America?

Lake Nicaragua

58

Which country is the world's leading exporter of copper?

Chile

59

What affects the climates of Latin America the most?

elevation rather than distance from the equator

60

What is unique about the Atacama Desert?

rainfall has never been recorded in some places

61

Who had no written language and used guipu?

Inca

62

Who built manmade islands in the middle of large lakes?

Aztec

63

Who were skilled in mathematics and calculated the orbit of the earth and that there are approximately 365 days in a year?

Maya

64

What was the first Latin American country to get rid of European rule? Who led this revolt?

Haiti against France
Toussaint L'Overture

65

What did Protestant missionaries build in Latin America?

hospitals, schools, and colleges

66

Why is the literacy rate in Latin America improving?

all children can go to school for free for 12 years

67

How did Spain govern the colonies?

appointed viceroys to govern the colonies and enforce the law

68

What is the national sport of most Latin American countries?

Soccer, futbol

69

Which country was the only one to gain independence without a revolution?

Brazil

69

What is life often centered on in Latin America?

family