Flashcards in World Geography Deck (70):
What is located in Greenwich, England?
Which lines run parallel of the Equator?
What percentage of earth is made up of water?
The lithosphere consists of the earth's what?
The hydrosphere consists of earth's what?
How many inches per year do the plates in the earth move?
How many miles is the earth from the sun?
What is the diameter of the earth?
Earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis are created by _____________ forces.
What is made up of thick rock such as silicon, oxygen, aluminum, and iron?
Which tropic is located at 23.5 degrees S?
Which tropic is located at 23.5 degrees N?
What are winds that blow in constant patterns?
Which area on the Equator is usually windless?
Which direction do the ocean currents flow in the Southern Hemisphere?
What are the five themes of geography?
What is the highest point of the earth's surface?
What is the lowest point of the earth's surface?
What is the difference between a physical and a political map?
physical- focuses on Earth's physical features (mountains, rivers, etc.)
political- shows boundaries between states and/or countries
What is the deepest part of the ocean?
List the 7 continents.
List the 5 oceans.
What is midnight sun?
a period of time in which the sun does not set
What is significant about an equinox?
there is an equal amount of day and night
What does the word "geographia" mean? Why do we study geography?
It is Greek for "geography" and means "Earth's Description." We study geography so that we can better understand what is happening in the world around us.
ruled by one
ruled by few
Give a few examples of a totalitarian dictator.
Kim John Un
How does a direct democracy work?
the people directly vote to make decisions
What is the oldest and most common form of government throughout history?
How does a representative democracy function?
the people elect major representatives who make major decisions
What kind of economy states that the government owns or directs the means of production and controls distribution of goods?
In your opinion, what is the best system of government and economics that we have talked about? Support your answer.
I believe that the best form of government is a direct democracy because the people could directly decide what they want their country to be doing.
I believe that the best economic system is a mixed economy because with fair competition, there would not be one main business that would have ridiculously high prices.
What is the hottest and lowest place in the US? How hot did it get here once setting the record?
How far do the Rocky Mountains extend?
begins in New Mexico
ends in Alaska
Which US state is first in natural gas reserves?
What are North America's oldest mountains and the continent's second longest mountain range?
the Appalachian Mountains
Why is New York City's Manhattan Island important?
it's one of the country and world's most important economic trade centers
What percentage of earth's surface do the US and Canada cover?
Which state is composed of volcanic mountaintops?
What is a major source of hydroelectric power for the US and Canada?
How were the Great Lakes formed?
glaciers carved holes into the earth
How does Canada's weather affect the US?
the winds from Canada blow either warm or cool air south into the US
Where is the majority of oil and natural gas reserves located in Canada?
Where is the world's largest island?
List some of the deserts in North America.
Great Salt Lake Desert
What is the name of the US epidemic during the 1930's that destroyed many crops and caused numerous agricultural problems?
Explain Canada's abundance of minerals.
20% of the world potash
The high ridge of the Rockies is called the Continental Divide. What is significant about the Divide?
it decides whether rivers flow East, to the Atlantic, or West, to the Pacific
How many miles does the MS River flow? Which state does the MS River begin in? How many square miles does it drain and how many US states and Canadian provinces are drained as a result?
flows 2,350 miles
from Minnesota down to the Gulf of Mexico
drains 1.2 million square miles
31 US states
2 Canadian provinces
List the names of mountains in Mexico, Central America, and South America.
What is the land area of Latin America? What percentage of earth's surface is covered?
8 million per square mile
What are the three groups of the Caribbean islands?
Where is Patagonia?
Where is are the world's finest emeralds found?
Which two Latin American countries are leading oil producers?
What is the largest lake in Central America?
Which country is the world's leading exporter of copper?
What affects the climates of Latin America the most?
elevation rather than distance from the equator
What is unique about the Atacama Desert?
rainfall has never been recorded in some places
Who had no written language and used guipu?
Who built manmade islands in the middle of large lakes?
Who were skilled in mathematics and calculated the orbit of the earth and that there are approximately 365 days in a year?
What was the first Latin American country to get rid of European rule? Who led this revolt?
Haiti against France
What did Protestant missionaries build in Latin America?
hospitals, schools, and colleges
Why is the literacy rate in Latin America improving?
all children can go to school for free for 12 years
How did Spain govern the colonies?
appointed viceroys to govern the colonies and enforce the law
What is the national sport of most Latin American countries?
Which country was the only one to gain independence without a revolution?