Flashcards in World War 1 Notes Deck (159):
Four causes of World War I
Which of the four cause of World War I is the main reason behind World War I -
Nations want to be ___________.
True or false -
Nationalism creates rivalry between other nations.
"Building empires" : building up nations territory. Most lands are already taken though.
What four causes is this one?
Building up of arm forces, aggressively in preparation of war-
What four causes?
Which of the four causes of World War I was meant to help a nation maintain security -
Someone who always has your back, and gets you out of things -
True or false:
In Europe there is competition instead of cooperation.
Triple Entente (aka allied powers)
Later (Italy, Japan and US)
Who was apart of the Tripple alliance -
Who was apart of the central powers
And ottoman empire(turkey)
The Balkan Pennisula is the _________________ of Europe.
Serbia wants _____________, while Austria-Hungary wants ______
Independence ; Serbia
What is the spark that ignited the powdered of the keg Europe -
The assassination of the archduke and his a wife
Who assassinated the archduke and his wife?
Why did Serbia assassinate the archduke -
Because they wanted independence
Austria Hungary declares war on ____________
Who backs up Serbia once Austria Hungary declares war?
Then Russia declares war on ________________
Who then backs up Austria Hungary once Russia declares war on them?
Then both Germany and Austria Hungary (they are now allies) declare war on who??
Meanwhile Belgium is neutral but then gets clobbered by who?
So then Great Britain declares war on _________ on behalf of Belgium -
Meanwhile US stays __________
Why do you think nationalism led to competition in Europe ?
- everyone wanted independce and not to be taken over
- unique cultural identity
- rivalries developed over colonies and trade ; self interest
What is the blank check from Germany -
That they will have their back no matter what
And will do whatever they want and whatever they nee
Three P's or propaganda -
Persuade, promote, publicize
WWI propaganda influences peoples __________
Who is the "bully" of Europe -
True or false:
Propagandas were mostly real.
Two fronts :
At the western front, Germany invades who?
The schlieffen plan -
Supposed to be quick ; troops thought they'd be home for Christmas :/
Germany wants to damage ______ and _______
France and Russia
Trench warfare took place at what front ?
Which front -
Western Europe (France, Belgium)
Huge loss of life
What front ?
Equally huge loss of life
Who is defeated and has to surrender to Germany ?
Italy switches sides !!!!! To what side ?
New kind of war -
Trench and air warfare
True or false :
There were NO diseases in the trenches
They were miles long ; like an underground maze ; elaborate defense system
Trench warfare leads to the war of _______-_
War of attrition
If you walked into no mans land, would you survive or die?
To wear down the other side with heavy attacks -
War of attrition
New advances and medicine were created on how to treat ___________
New kind of war in the air -
They were filled with nitrogen gas, very flammable, and caused explosions
He was the US flying ace!
He repeadelty fought the Red Baron -
Modern warfare - (new advances and tech)
Hazards of war -
True or false -
New tech led to new (horrible) casualities
Trench warfare contributed to :
Stalemates lead to need for ________ and _________
Reorganizing and reinforcements
Both sides (allied and central) wanted to add more _________
So now more countries start getting ___________
T or f
US is still neutral, but not for long
Why does the US enter the war?
What was the Lusitinia
Ship sunk by Germany
Germany started using _________, sinking US ships
Who is elected president -
America is now mad at ________ for sinking their ships
Zimmerman note -
A telegram sent from Germany to Mexico trying to create a secrete alliance
The Zimmerman note mad who RLLY mad -
US finally gets involved but what side?
Why does US side with Allies
Because of their stronger relationship
Impact of total war -
Complete mobilization of people and resources
True or false
The total war didn't affect anyone.
FALSE it affected everyone
What are the two faces of war:
Soldiers and civilians
War on battlefield
War on the home front
Everyone had to do their ____----
Women started working where?
Children had to do what enable to do their own part ??
Eat every thing off their plate, not wasting anything
Government powers _________, as an impact of total war
Almost everyone country used the _________
But people started going against the draft. Who were these people called?
Government started rationing _____
Patriotism began to dwindle ; opposition of war ______
People began to question the ___---
Then people start to oppose the war ___________
Governments had to maintain support, so they created-
Forces(arrests, police) made laws(limited freedom)
DORA and espionage and sedition act -
A law that punishes people for speaking out against the war
It is The government controlling what can be published -
What was used to manipulate other nations?
US stopped teaching ____________ languages and would not use any _________
German ; German
Who wanted nothing to do with Germany ?
True or false
Total war caused a huge impact on population!
Worldwide flu epidemic created a massive dent in the ______
Social changes -
New role for women
Suffrage (women can now vote)
Inequalities still existed
How did propaganda influence the war?
Rationing saving food for soldiers
Promoted negative images of the enemy
How did the western front differ from the eastern front
Western - filled with trench warfare, no mobility, created stalemate, people died, didn't gain land
Eastern - mobility, and more moving around
How did itallys alliance change
They changes from central to allied
What made WWI more devastating than any other war?
New tech to kill lots of people, flu, a total war so it affected everyone
Why was Germany called the bully of Europe ?
They were being very aggressive, building up militarism, stormed through Belgium and destroyed it, went on a rampage
Hat are the reasons for American neutrality ?
We traded with both sides, wasn't affect us, and it was far away
Why did the US finally enter the war ?
Because Germany tries to become allies with Mexico
Background to revolution -
Russia was ____________ in military and technology
Why did Russia get involved in war?
Because they backed up Serbia
True or false
Russia lacked industry to produce materials.
Did Russia have good military leaders
Russian industry was unable to produce what for the army ?
Russia was going up against the strongest army _____
Russian army suffered an incredible _______
Who was soon assainated ?
What made the cause of the women revolting ?
He price of bread skyrocketed
Russia people were _________
Who was soon forced to step down?
A provisional government -
Created by middle class
Hoping to help give people food again
They decided to stay in WWI which was a _________ decision
The lower working class and soldiers -
Who kept challenging the governments authority -
they were under Lenin's direction ; they part of the soviets ; super radical -
what do the Bolsheviks believe?
that the lower class should uprise & revolt against the upper class
The Bolsheviks want to do what?
overthrow the Governement
they promised people peace, land, and to get out of war -
the power of the Bolsheviks soon increases & then what do they do?
they overthrow the governement
Then they rrename themselves to what -
who kills the whole royal family?
How did Russia get out of WWI -
they signed a treaty to surrendor
Affects of the treaty -
they had to give up land to germany
Then Russia soon sank into what?
Why did the Civil war occur?
because not everyone agreed with the Bolsheviks
Who was the fighting between?
communists & anticommunists
who was the red army
who was the white army
Who won the civil war?
the communists, or red army
Russia was who's allies?
who was a victim of the civil war?
the royal family
The _________ was a well disciplined fighting force-
the red army
political differnces caused problems for which side>
the white army
who were in total control of Russia?
Russia was soon transformed into a ___________________
Russia leaves the allies, while they're ....
who are the first to surrendor after Russia is out of the picture?
the central powers now start to .....
Germany takes one last stabb, but are they successful?
nope, they collapse
Germany signs the armistice on the....
11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month
when the allied nations met in Paris, also known as ...
the Paris Peace Conference
the war began as an ___________ fight but then ended as an _________________ fight.
imperalist ; ideological
Who wanted ever lasting peace & had a peace proposal?
US president Wilson
"fourteen points" -
the speech to congress before the war ended
the speech called for many ___________
what was the goal of the speech -
to create everlasting peace
WWI was supposed to be the war, to ___________
end all wars
Main point of Wilson's 14 points -
it was an organization to ensure security and peace-
league of nations
congress didn't like the league of nations so what did they do?
they shut it down
Why did they shut it down?
cause they though it would drag the country into future wars
at the paris peace conference, only who were represented?
the winners (aka the allied)
Wilson wanted everlasting peace, who rejected wilsons idea?
what was the final peace settlement -
the treaty of Versailles
Who had the harshest penalties out of all five of the defeateed nations?
What did wilson fear?
that Germany would never forget this humiliation
Three parts of the treaty of Versailles that was requried for Germany -
1. pay reparations
2. Germany losses territory
3. Germany losses their military
Who takes all the guilt/blame?
T or F -
WWI changed lives forever.
total war led to limited ______________________________