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Four causes of World War I

Nationalism
Imperalism
Militarism
Alliance system

1

Which of the four cause of World War I is the main reason behind World War I -

Nationalism

2

Nationalism -

Nations want to be ___________.

Independent

3

True or false -

Nationalism creates rivalry between other nations.

True

4

"Building empires" : building up nations territory. Most lands are already taken though.

What four causes is this one?

Imperalism

5

Building up of arm forces, aggressively in preparation of war-

What four causes?

Militarism

6

Which of the four causes of World War I was meant to help a nation maintain security -

Alliance system

7

Someone who always has your back, and gets you out of things -

Allies

8

True or false:

In Europe there is competition instead of cooperation.

True

9

Triple Entente (aka allied powers)

France
Great Britian
Russia
AND Serbia
Later (Italy, Japan and US)

10

Who was apart of the Tripple alliance -

Germany
Austria Hungary
Italy

11

Who was apart of the central powers

Germany
Austria Hungary
And ottoman empire(turkey)

12

The Balkan Pennisula is the _________________ of Europe.

Powdered keg

13

Serbia wants _____________, while Austria-Hungary wants ______

Independence ; Serbia

14

What is the spark that ignited the powdered of the keg Europe -

The assassination of the archduke and his a wife

15

Who assassinated the archduke and his wife?

Serbia

16

Why did Serbia assassinate the archduke -

Because they wanted independence

17

Austria Hungary declares war on ____________

Serbia

18

Who backs up Serbia once Austria Hungary declares war?

Russia

19

Then Russia declares war on ________________

Austria Hungary

20

Who then backs up Austria Hungary once Russia declares war on them?

Germany

21

Then both Germany and Austria Hungary (they are now allies) declare war on who??

France

22

Meanwhile Belgium is neutral but then gets clobbered by who?

Germany

23

So then Great Britain declares war on _________ on behalf of Belgium -

Germany

24

Meanwhile US stays __________

Neutral

25

Why do you think nationalism led to competition in Europe ?

- everyone wanted independce and not to be taken over
- unique cultural identity
- rivalries developed over colonies and trade ; self interest

26

What is the blank check from Germany -

That they will have their back no matter what
And will do whatever they want and whatever they nee

27

Three P's or propaganda -

Persuade, promote, publicize

28

WWI propaganda influences peoples __________

Opinions

29

Who is the "bully" of Europe -

Germany

30

True or false:

Propagandas were mostly real.

False

31

Two fronts :

Eastern front
Western front

32

At the western front, Germany invades who?

Belgium

33

The schlieffen plan -

Supposed to be quick ; troops thought they'd be home for Christmas :/

34

Germany wants to damage ______ and _______

France and Russia

35

Trench warfare took place at what front ?

Western front

36

Which front -

Western Europe (France, Belgium)
Stalemates
Huge loss of life

Western front

37

What front ?

Eastern Europe
Mobility
Equally huge loss of life

Eastern front

38

Who is defeated and has to surrender to Germany ?

Russia

39

Italy switches sides !!!!! To what side ?

Allied

40

New kind of war -

Trench and air warfare

41

True or false :

There were NO diseases in the trenches

False

42

They were miles long ; like an underground maze ; elaborate defense system

The trenches

43

Trench warfare leads to the war of _______-_

War of attrition

44

If you walked into no mans land, would you survive or die?

Probably die

45

To wear down the other side with heavy attacks -

War of attrition

46

New advances and medicine were created on how to treat ___________

Infections

47

New kind of war in the air -

Air warfare

48

They were filled with nitrogen gas, very flammable, and caused explosions

Zepplins

49

He was the US flying ace!

Eddie rickenbacker

50

He repeadelty fought the Red Baron -

Eddie rickenbacker

51

Modern warfare - (new advances and tech)

Tanks
Air plan
Hand grenades
Machine guns
Gas masks
Flame throwers

52

Hazards of war -
True or false -

New tech led to new (horrible) casualities

True

53

Trench warfare contributed to :

Disease
Shell shock
Trench foot

54

Stalemates lead to need for ________ and _________

Reorganizing and reinforcements

55

Both sides (allied and central) wanted to add more _________

Allies

56

So now more countries start getting ___________

Involved

57

T or f

US is still neutral, but not for long

True

58

Why does the US enter the war?

Germany provocation

59

What was the Lusitinia

Ship sunk by Germany

60

Germany started using _________, sinking US ships

Submarines

61

Who is elected president -

Wilson

62

America is now mad at ________ for sinking their ships

Germany

63

Zimmerman note -

A telegram sent from Germany to Mexico trying to create a secrete alliance

64

The Zimmerman note mad who RLLY mad -

US

65

US finally gets involved but what side?

Allies

66

Why does US side with Allies

Because of their stronger relationship

67

Impact of total war -

Complete mobilization of people and resources

68

True or false

The total war didn't affect anyone.

FALSE it affected everyone

69

What are the two faces of war:

Soldiers and civilians

War on battlefield
War on the home front

70

Everyone had to do their ____----

Part

71

Women started working where?

In factories

72

Children had to do what enable to do their own part ??

Eat every thing off their plate, not wasting anything

73

Patriotism _______!!

Grew

74

Government powers _________, as an impact of total war

Increased

75

Almost everyone country used the _________

Draft

76

But people started going against the draft. Who were these people called?

Conscientious objectors

77

Government started rationing _____

Food

78

Patriotism began to dwindle ; opposition of war ______

Rose

79

People began to question the ___---

War

80

Then people start to oppose the war ___________

Verbally

81

Governments had to maintain support, so they created-

Forces(arrests, police) made laws(limited freedom)

82

DORA and espionage and sedition act -

A law that punishes people for speaking out against the war

83

It is The government controlling what can be published -

Censorship

84

What was used to manipulate other nations?

Propaganda

85

US stopped teaching ____________ languages and would not use any _________

German ; German

86

Who wanted nothing to do with Germany ?

US

87

True or false

Total war caused a huge impact on population!

True

88

Worldwide flu epidemic created a massive dent in the ______


Population

89

Social changes -

New role for women
Suffrage (women can now vote)
Inequalities still existed

90

How did propaganda influence the war?

Promoted patriotism
Rationing saving food for soldiers
Promoted negative images of the enemy

91

How did the western front differ from the eastern front

Western - filled with trench warfare, no mobility, created stalemate, people died, didn't gain land

Eastern - mobility, and more moving around

92

How did itallys alliance change

They changes from central to allied

93

What made WWI more devastating than any other war?

New tech to kill lots of people, flu, a total war so it affected everyone

94

Why was Germany called the bully of Europe ?

They were being very aggressive, building up militarism, stormed through Belgium and destroyed it, went on a rampage

95

Hat are the reasons for American neutrality ?

We traded with both sides, wasn't affect us, and it was far away

96

Why did the US finally enter the war ?

Because Germany tries to become allies with Mexico

97

Background to revolution -

Russia was ____________ in military and technology

Unprepared

98

Why did Russia get involved in war?

Because they backed up Serbia

99

True or false
Russia lacked industry to produce materials.

True

100

Did Russia have good military leaders

No

101

Russian industry was unable to produce what for the army ?

Weapons

102

Russia was going up against the strongest army _____

Germany

103

Russian army suffered an incredible _______

Loss

104

Who was soon assainated ?

Rasputin

105

What made the cause of the women revolting ?

He price of bread skyrocketed

106

Russia people were _________

Starving

107

Who was soon forced to step down?

The czar

108

A provisional government -

Created by middle class
Hoping to help give people food again

109

They decided to stay in WWI which was a _________ decision

Terrible

110

The lower working class and soldiers -

Soviets

112

Who kept challenging the governments authority -

THe soviets

113

they were under Lenin's direction ; they part of the soviets ; super radical -

Bolsheviks

114

what do the Bolsheviks believe?

that the lower class should uprise & revolt against the upper class

115

The Bolsheviks want to do what?

overthrow the Governement

116

they promised people peace, land, and to get out of war -

the Bolsheviks

117

the power of the Bolsheviks soon increases & then what do they do?

they overthrow the governement

118

Then they rrename themselves to what -

the communists

119

who kills the whole royal family?

the communists

120

How did Russia get out of WWI -

they signed a treaty to surrendor

121

Affects of the treaty -

they had to give up land to germany

122

Then Russia soon sank into what?

Civil War

123

Why did the Civil war occur?

because not everyone agreed with the Bolsheviks

124

Who was the fighting between?

communists & anticommunists

125

who was the red army

communists

126

who was the white army

anticommunists

127

Who won the civil war?

the communists, or red army

128

Russia was who's allies?

Serbias

129

who was a victim of the civil war?

the royal family

130

The _________ was a well disciplined fighting force-

the red army

131

political differnces caused problems for which side>

the white army

132

who were in total control of Russia?

the communists

133

Russia was soon transformed into a ___________________

centralized state

134

Russia leaves the allies, while they're ....

struggeling

135

who are the first to surrendor after Russia is out of the picture?

austria-hungary

136

the central powers now start to .....

fall

137

Germany takes one last stabb, but are they successful?

nope, they collapse

138

Germany signs the armistice on the....

11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month

139

when the allied nations met in Paris, also known as ...

the Paris Peace Conference

140

the war began as an ___________ fight but then ended as an _________________ fight.

imperalist ; ideological

141

Who wanted ever lasting peace & had a peace proposal?

US president Wilson

142

"fourteen points" -

the speech to congress before the war ended

143

the speech called for many ___________

changes

144

what was the goal of the speech -

to create everlasting peace

145

WWI was supposed to be the war, to ___________

end all wars

146

Main point of Wilson's 14 points -

"self determination"

147

it was an organization to ensure security and peace-

league of nations

148

congress didn't like the league of nations so what did they do?

they shut it down

149

Why did they shut it down?

cause they though it would drag the country into future wars

150

at the paris peace conference, only who were represented?

the winners (aka the allied)

151

Wilson wanted everlasting peace, who rejected wilsons idea?

the allies

152

what was the final peace settlement -

the treaty of Versailles

153

Who had the harshest penalties out of all five of the defeateed nations?

Germany

154

What did wilson fear?

that Germany would never forget this humiliation

155

Three parts of the treaty of Versailles that was requried for Germany -

1. pay reparations
2. Germany losses territory
3. Germany losses their military

156

Who takes all the guilt/blame?

Germany

157

T or F -

WWI changed lives forever.

True

158

total war led to limited ______________________________

personal freedoms

159

after the war, who is no longer a country on the map?

Autria-hungary