Flashcards in Exam Review Semester1 Deck (68):
Rene Descartes was the founder of what?
Rationalism brought _______________________________.
Philosophical perspective to science
Sir Francis Bacon founded what?
What is Scientific Method?
procedure for collecting & analyzing data
Inductive Reasoning -
Doesn't rely on authorities, observe & experiment, and specific to broad
Who created / came up with the ideas of Enlightenment?
Philosophers / scholar, to make progress towards society
Who were Philosophers -
deep thinkers ; ask deep questions (authors & scientists)
What were the goals of the Enlightenment ?
To improve society
and search for the truth
What were the main ideas of enlightenment ?
Reason , natural rights , hope , progress , & reform
source about a historical event that was created during the event -
Letters , diaries , furniture , clothing - were all examples of what source?
source that was furthered moved from the event , used primary sources -
Textbooks , magazines , articles - examples of what source?
The reason & knowledge discovered by philosphers/scientists throughout Europe in the 18 century -
The Enlightenment begins w/ _______ ________, and the coming out of dark ages -
T or F - lots of people were UNeducated during this time.
Renissance means -
what idea helped spread the ideas of enlightenment ?
The printing press
founded elliptical orbits -
Founded the telescope ; and was excommunicated from the church because of his theories -
Father of physics ; his ideas led to the rise of modern physics -
He dissected human bodies -
he proved substances are made of basic elements & cannot be broken down -
The spread of the enlightenment caused three things:
1. people can now read
2. printing press
bad things were happening to "religion", like what?
attacks on the church
the spread of the enlightenment caused the arts to create -
music, artitecture, and palaces
Natural Rights -
rights you have automatically when you are born
Three things of the Natural Rights -
freedom of religion, freedom of press , and right to hold property
T or F- enlightenment started at the bottom w/ people.
T or F- the reform started at the top w/ congress
enlighted despots -
new type of monarchy
who said "humans are naturally wicked" ? and he also came up with "Social Contract" -
he believed in natural rights & self government. He said the governement should protect these rights - life, liberty, and property --
he created the seperation of powers & he was a french noble -
He critized christianity & challenged the church. He also built on Newton's word.
he writes a book called "Social Contract"
fought against men having power over women is wrong -
he is the founder of economics ; came up with laissez faire ; also said the government has 3 tasks:
1. protect society
2. defend citizens from injustice
3. maintain public works
Where the earth and planets revolve around the sun (sun-centered)
Thought on the belief that reason is a good source of knowledge -
way of gathering & analyzing the evidence of science in modern world -
rights people have under the law
where people agree to be ruled by its general, and all should abide to make community better
where the state doesn't impose regulations & leaves the economy alone
where legislative , executive , judicial powers are SEPERATE bodies
seperation of powers
rooms where wealthy people gathed to disscuss philosphies in the 18th centuries
where power is shared between state & national governements
tax on property / land
the middle class
short trousers & it indicated what class
Sans - culottes
overthrown of government
coup d' etat
identity of people through their language, religion, & symbols
saying people should be as free as possible from the governement
philosophy based on tradition, social stability & organized religion
everyone has the right to vote
the prison that the peasants tore down brick by brick
Who was in the 1st Estate-
Who was in the 2nd Estate-
Who was in the first estate-
acts as a ruling body of France -
special committee of twelve -
Committee of Public Safety
to protect France from threat of foreign invasion they adopted 6 policies -
Reign of Terror
King of France ; didn't care about ruling ; married at 15
King Louis XVI
Queen of France ; cared about fashion ; spent money on herself ; nickname - Madame Defict
two house legislature elected by male citizens ; and a five man directory -
King Louis called it, told them to prepare list of concerns of government -