World War II In The Pacific Flashcards Preview

Abi History 2016 > World War II In The Pacific > Flashcards

Flashcards in World War II In The Pacific Deck (70):
1

What type of state was Japan in the 1940s?

Totalitarian regime

2

Who ruled Japan?

The military

3

Who was nicknamed "The Razor"?

General Tojo

4

What was the development of the atomic bomb called?

The Manhattan Project

5

Who took over as president after Roosevelt died?

Harry Truman

6

Where did the Americans test the nuclear bomb?

They built a fake village in the desert.

7

What was the first nuclear bomb called?

The Little Man

8

What was the second bomb called?

Fat Boy

9

What is a Cold War?

A war with no nuclear weapons

10

What are the "Super powers"?

USSR
USA

11

What does ICBM?

Inter
Continental
Ballistic
Missile

12

Why did the USA and the USSR clash?

Their different political values

13

What kind of government does America have?

Capitalism
Democracy

14

What kind of government did the USSR have?

Communist

15

What does MAD stand for?

Mutually
Assured
Destruction

16

What three conferences took place surrounding WW2?

Teheran-Iran
Yalta-USSR
Potsdam-Germany

17

What countries met at these three conferences?

USA
USSR
Britain

18

What does USSR stand for?

Union of Soviet Socialist Republic

19

Who was in charge of the USSR at the time?

Josef Stalin

20

Who was leader of the USA at the time?

Roosevelt

21

Who was the leader of Britain at the time?

Winston Churchill

22

What does it mean when someone dies in office?

When someone dies while still working in government

23

What disease did Roosevelt have?

Polio

24

How long was Stalin in office?

1924-1955

25

Who took over from Churchill?

Clement Atlee

26

When was the Cold War Era?

1945-1989

27

Who got the biggest zone of occupation in Germany?

The USSR

28

What colour usually represents communism?

Red

29

What are the Russian Satellite states?

Poland
East Germany
Hungary
Bulgaria
Czechoslovakia
Romania

30

What was Churchill compared to?

A bulldog

31

What did Churchill look like?

Short
Fat
Usually with a cigar

32

What did Roosevelt look like?

Tall
Thin

33

What did Stalin look like?

Big moustache
Brushed back thick black hair
Usually military dress

34

What did Truman look like?

Round glasses
White hair
Average build

35

What did Atlee look like?

Balding
Smallish moustache
Average build

36

Why did Japan invade China?

To gain more raw materials

37

Why did the USA react when Japan invaded China?

They had economic interests in China

38

How did the USA assist China?

They placed economic sanctions against Japan

39

On which side did Japan enter the war?

The Axis agreement
Germany; Italy

40

Where was the American naval fleet moved to?

Pearl Harbour in Hawaii

41

Why was the fleet moved to Pearl Harbour?

The Americans wanted to show their naval power and frighten Japan

42

What did Japan do when the ships were moved to Pearl Harbour?

They planned a surprise attack

43

Why did Japan plan a surprise attack?

They wanted to frighten the USA so that they could continue their conquest of China

44

How did the USA react to the attack on Pearl Harbour?

They joined the war on Britain's side and declared war on Japan

45

What happened to Japanese citizens living in America?

They were sent to internment camps

46

What were the internment camps like?

They consisted of poorly-constructed barracks
Surrounded by barbed wire
Patrolled by armed guards
Slept on hard cots
Had little food

47

What was the Rape of Nanjing?

It was an attack by the Japanese on the town of Nanjing

48

What happened at the Rape of Nanjing?

Many children and women were raped
Thousands of people were killed
Some POWs were soaked in gasoline and burned alive
Some Chinese POWs were decapitated

49

How did the Japanese feel about surrender?

They considered it a dishonour and to give up was worse than death

50

What did the Japanese do when called to surrender?

They would commit suicide rather than be taken captive

51

Who were the two opposing powers during WWII?

The Axis Powers
The Allied Powers

52

Which countries were part of the Axis Powers?

Germany
Italy
Japan

53

Which countries were part of the Allied Powers?

USA
USSR
Britain
France

54

What was decided at the Yalta conference?

Germany and Berlin would be divided up into four zones

55

Which section did the USSR receive?

The upper right part

56

Which section did the USA receive?

The bottom right part

57

Which section did France receive?

The lower left part

58

Which section did Britain receive?

The upper left part

59

Who took over from Churchill?

Clement Atlee

60

What kind of relationship did Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt have?

They were quite friendly and relaxed with each other
Although Stalin and Churchill both had strong personalities, they balanced each other out

61

What kind of relationship did Atlee, Truman and Stalin have?

Strained

62

Why did Stalin, Atlee and Truman have a strained relationship?

They had different systems of government
Stalin didn't remove his troops from Eastern Europe
Atlee and Truman were new
Stalin had a very strong personality, which was no longer kept in check by Churchill
The USA had dropped two atomic bombs on Japan, without checking with the other Allies
KGB spies had found out about the bombs

63

How did Stalin reason that his occupation of Eastern Europe was justified?

He said it was to prevent more attacks from the West

64

How did Clement Atlee become Prime Minister?

Churchill was voted out of office

65

How did the Allies convince Japan to surrender?

The USA dropped two atomic bombs on Japan

66

What are the long term effects of a nuclear explosion?

Nuclear radiation can cause fatal illnesses

67

Who was the Russian Tsar before the revolution?

Nicholas II

68

How many children did the Russian Tsar have?

2 older girls (the "Big Pair)
Two younger girls (the "Little Pair")
One son

69

Who took over Russia?

A man named Vladimir Lenin

70

What kind of leader was Stalin?

A ruthless communist dictator