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Abi History 2016 > Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terminology Deck (71):
1

What is the definition of the USSR?

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
The first communist country in the world

2

What is the definition of abdication?

Resignation

3

What is the definition of the Weimar Government?

The attempt at democracy in Germany

4

What is the definition of provisional?

Temporary

5

What is the definition of Weimar?

The city where the democratic government was based

6

What is the definition of propaganda?

When the government advertises biased information with the use of visual and oral aids to convince people to think a certain way

7

What is the definition of constitution?

Set of laws

8

What is the definition of militarism?

The belief that a country should maintain a strong army and use it

9

What is the definition of devalue?

Reduce the worth of something

10

What is the definition of the Dawes plan?

An extensive loan from the USA

11

What is the definition of the Ruhr valley?

An area of coal mining in Germany

12

What is the definition of Wall Street Crash?

When the Stock Market in the USA collapsed and severely damaged their economy

13

What is the definition of the Great Depression?

A time of economic recession

14

What is the definition of the Nazis

National Socialist German Workers Party

15

What is the definition of a coup(putsch)?

An attempted overthrow of the government

16

What is the definition of Mein Kampf?

"My struggle" A book written by Hitler that outlined all of his plans for Germnay

17

What is the definition of an autocratic centralised government?

When a country is ruled by a party who is solely in charge

18

What is the definition of a Fuhrër?

Absolute leader

19

What is the definition of reich?

Realm / empire

20

What is the definition of lebensraum?

Living room

21

What is the definition of Herrenvolk?

Pure people

22

What is the definition of Aryan?

What Hitler believed to be the genetically superior race

23

What is the definition of purge?

Cleanse

24

What is the definition of the Russian Revolution?

A time when Russia overthrew the Tsar

25

What is the definition of a scapegoat?

Someone to blame

26

What is the definition of indoctrinate?

Brainwash a group of people by filling their heads with censored information

27

What is the definition of National Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei?

Hitler's reformed NAZI party

28

What is the definition of violence?

Use of force to harm someone

29

What is the definition of the swastika?

The symbol used by the Nazi party

30

What is the definition of mass meetings?

When groups,of people would gather to listen to the Nazi's

31

What is the definition of an orator?

Someone who can speak in front of people

32

What is the definition of sturmabteilung?

Storm trooper/ brown shirts
The general "police force" used by the Nazi's

33

What is the definition of the Schutz Staffel?

Black shirts/ secret police
They protected the party leaders and later ran the concentration camps

34

What is the definition of the Gestapo?

The secret police used to spy on people

35

What is the definition of chancellors?

Prime ministers

36

What is the definition of Reichstag?

Parliament

37

What is the definition of a decree?

Dictated law

38

What is the definition of the Enabling Act?

The decree that abdicated all power to Hitler

39

What is the definition of a totalitarian state?

A centralised(exclusive) government system

40

What is the definition of dictatorship?

Country governed by a single person

41

What is the definition of eradication?

To destroy completely

42

What is the definition of Holocaust?

The mass killing of Jews

43

What is the definition of annihilate?

Cease to exist, wipe out completely

44

What is the definition of armistice?

Agreement between enemies in war to stop fighting so they can discuss peace terms

45

What is the definition of atrocities?

Shockingly cruel and inhumane

46

What is the definition of authoritarian?

Strict, dictatorial, people have no freedom or say in how government rules, opposite of democracy

47

What is the definition of banned?

Forbidden

48

What is the definition of a concentration camp?

Those imprisoned were physically "concentrated" in one place

49

What is the definition of currency?

Kind of money used in a country

50

What is the definition of dictate?

Give commands or orders

51

What is the definition of dictator?

A leader with total power

52

What is the definition of Einsatzgruppen?

Death squads

53

What is the definition of fascist?

A political theory that the government should have complete control

54

What is the definition of Fatherland?

What the Germans called their state under the Nazis

55

What is the definition of the "Final Solution"?

The name for Germany's plan for the systematic killing of European Jews

56

What is the definition of genes?

Chemical codes in the nucleus of every living thing

57

What is the definition of genetic modification?

A scientific method that changes the way plants and animals grow and develop

58

What is the definition of genocide?

Mass murder

59

What is the definition of ideology?

A set of beliefs values and ideas

60

What is the definition of internment?

Confinement during wartime

61

What is the definition of Jehovah's Witnesses?

A Christian religious group

62

What is the definition of a militant?

Supporting the sue of strong pressure, or aggressive action, to achieve one's goals

63

What is the definition of opposition?

A group of people who disagree with you

64

What is the definition of persecute?

Made to suffer

65

What is the definition of racism?

The false idea that certain groups of people are better than others

66

What is the definition of Reich?

The German state

67

What is the definition of reparations?

Amount of money paid by losing nation to the winners

68

What is the definition of repression?

Force or intimidation which prevents people from protesting or rising up

69

What is the definition of Roma?

People who speak Romany and who move around in search of work; sometimes called gypsies

70

What is the definition of Slavs?

People of Eastern Europe

71

What is the definition of The Great Depression?

A period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic collapse and mass unemployment