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Flashcards in WW1 Deck (38)
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Alfred Von Schlieffen

1891-1905
German military strategist
Devised the Schlieffen Plan

1

Helmuth Von Moltke

1906-1914
Assumed leadership over Schlieffen Plan after Schlieffen died.

2

Paul Von Hindenburg

1916-1919
German chief of army staff at end of war

3

Kaiser Wilhelm II

1888-1918
German Kaiser

4

Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre

1911-1916
French commander-in-chief

5

Robert Nivelle

1916-1917
French

6

Henri Phillipe Petain

1917-1918
French commander at end of war

7

Sir John French

1911-1915
British commander-in-chief

8

Sir Douglas Haig

1915-1921

9

Herbert Henry Asquith

1908-1916
British prime minister

10

David Lloyd George

1916-1922
British prime minister

11

Theodore Roosevelt

1901-1909
US prime minister

12

Woodrow Wilson

1913-1921
US president

13

Militarism

Political, diplomatic, social emphasis on military matters
ie. military spending, developing military technology

14

Industrialization

Decrease imports by self-sustenance

15

Alliances

Triple Alliance (Germany, A-H, Italy)
Entente Cordiale (Britain, France, Russia)

16

Nationalism

Emotional attachment to a certain cultural/territorial group, desire for independence

17

Imperialism

Set of actions/policies by which one national group dominates another national group and it's territory

18

Inciting Event

Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophie by Princip, member of Serbian Black Hand

19

Schlieffen Plan

August 3, 1914
March through Belgium and hammer swing around Paris

20

Marne

Sept 5-12
Caused troops on both sides to dig in and start war of attrition

21

Total War

War in which entire nation is involved

22

Social Characteristics of Total War

Involves civilians (fighting and home front)
Recruiting women into male-dominant workplace

23

Economical Characteristics of Total War

War economy
Rationing
Industry shifted from consumer to war goods

24

Military Characteristics of Total War

Conscription
Massive destruction
High casualty rates
Weapons of mass destruction

25

Political Characteristics of Total War

Power is centralized (states becomes interventionist)
Propaganda used to encourage involvement in home front and reinforce nationalistic feelings

26

Limited War

Weapons, territory, objectives to war are limited

27

Blockade

Prevent country from receiving supplies
Britain blockaded Germany (Baltic Sea) -> starvation, "Turnip Winter"

28

Dreadnought

Most heavily-armed ship powered by steam turbines
Made by British, lead to British naval victory

29

U-Boat

Underwater submarines used by Germans in English Channel/Atlantic Ocean
Sank many merchant/passenger British ships

30

Torpedo

Carried on U-boats
Used to sink enemy ships

31

Trench Warfare

Series if trenches along front lines
Stretched across France and Belgium
Lead to war of attrition

32

Machine Gun

Automatic easy-use gun
Faster than rifles -> mass death

33

Tank

Armoured vehicle with caterpillar tracks and machine guns
First used by British at Somme

34

Creeping Barrage

Fire artillery directly in front of front line of infantry

35

Dynamite

Planted below enemy trenches

36

Balloon/Dirigible

Used to observe enemy movements

37

Airplane

Armed with machine guns
Aerial dogfights