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A Level History (Trade Unions and Workers Rights) > WW2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in WW2 Deck (7)
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Closed Shops

A workplace where one union dominates, and workers have to belong to that union



A list of workers who are regarded as unacceptable


Immediate WW2 impacts

- Control was taken away from manufacturers and owners
- Weakening employers
- Levels of production in agriculture and industry increased
- Wages rose 70% - raised the standard of living for workers
- Workers benefited from the work of the NWLB, which largely
took control of industry away from employers
- Halting overseas immigration let to a fall in unemployment from
9 million in June 1940 to 783,000 in September 1943


Impact of Black Labour

• More than 1 million black Americans found jobs in the industrial
centres in the north and west

• Black factory workers remained restricted to the more menial
• Philip Randolph- leader of the Pullman Porters Union
threatened to march in Washington
- 25% increase in African Americans working in war industries


How did WW2 benefit Trade Unions and workers rights

- United Auto Workers recognised by the Ford Motor Company (1941)
- Organised labour was strengthened by the needs of wartime
- Union membership grew (9 million to 14.8 million between 1941 and
1945) partly due to the wartime increase in the size of labour force.

- Strikes were kept to a minimum but union leaders were able to
exploit the wartime situation to gain fringe benefits for members.


How did Roosevelt support workers rights in this period

- The National War Labor Board (1942) was set up to limit wage
increases in order to keep inflation rates low

- Creation of Fair Employment Practices Commission set up by
Roosevelt to eliminate racial and discrimination in war industries


Impact of women

- Influx of women into the workplace during the second
world war that led to more direct action in terms of

- Between 1940 - 1944 there was a dramatic increase in
the number of women joining unions (800,000 in 1940 to
3 million by 1944)

- Many of these new union members were directly
recruited into existing male unions