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Flashcards in WWII Questions Deck (39)
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1

British Prime Minister

Winston Churchill

2

Nazi dictator

Adolf Hitler

3

Fascist Italian leader

Benito Mussolini

4

Soviet dictator

Joseph Stalin

5

U.S. Presidents during WWII

Franklin Roosevelt and Harry S Truman

6

Japanese Emperor

Hirohito

7

Supreme Allied Commander/U.S. General in Europe

Dwight D. Eisenhower

8

U.S. General in the Pacific

Douglas MacArthur

9

Alliance made up of Britain, France, the U.S., China, the Soviet Union, etc.

Allies

10

Alliance made up of Germany, Italy, and Japan

Axis

11

the deliberate attempt to wipe out an entire nation or group of people

genocide

12

warlike act by one country against another without cause

aggression

13

act of setting limits on the amount of scarce goods people can buy

rationing

14

To confine a group to a camp until after a war

intern

15

Giving in to demands to avoid conflict.

appeasement

16

A presidential command that is similar to a law except it does not need congressional approval.

Executive order

17

Turning point in the Pacific Theatre as Allies went on the offense for the first time in June 1942.

Battle of Midway

18

This decision ended the war in the Pacific

Dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

19

Beginning of the end of war for the European Theater as Allies were able to invade France and push back German forces.

Operation Overlord (a.k.a. D-Day)

20

Allowed US troops to gain an air strip closer to Japan for the purpose of round the clock bombings over Tokyo.

Iwo Jima

21

Repeated bombing of cities by Germany’s Air Force

Battle of Britain

22

Major German counterattack following D-Day.

Battle of the Bulge

23

Allowed Germany to invade Poland without fear of attack from one of Poland’s powerful neighbors.

Nazi-Soviet Non-Agression Pact

24

Germany’s tactic for modern warfare to quickly attack and overcome their enemy; “lightning war.”

blitzkrieg

25

The event that prompted Britain and France to declare war on Germany

invasion of Poland

26

The event that prompted U.S. entry into WWII

attack on Pearl Harbor

27

What were the Nuremberg Trials and the Tokyo Trials?

War crimes trials for Nazi and Japanese leaders after the end of WWII

28

Who was "Rosie the Riveter?"

Symbol for U.S. women working in wartime industries during WWII

29

Why did the government enforce rationing?

To ensure that supplies would still be available and reasonable costs despite shortages during the war.

30

What was the Lend-Lease Act?

It allowed the U.S. to send supplies to Britain and the Soviet Union