Y5 - Knee: Fracture (patella, tibeal plateau) Flashcards Preview

Year 5 Acute Care & Trauma > Y5 - Knee: Fracture (patella, tibeal plateau) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Y5 - Knee: Fracture (patella, tibeal plateau) Deck (17):
1

definition of patella fracture

broken kneecap

2

aetiology of patella fracture

trauma to front of knee
fall

3

epi

men>women
middle age

4

symptoms

pain, swelling, bruising
inability to walk

5

investigations

xray

6

management for an undisplaced fracture

casting (immobilized into a straight position, followed by increasing degrees of flexion)

7

management for a comminuted patella fracture

patellectomy

8

complications

injury to surrounding structures

9

definition of tibial plateau fractures

periarticular injuries of the proximal tibia

10

what are tibial plateau fractures commonly associated with

soft tissue injuries

11

epi for tibial plateau fractures

males in 40s (trauma)
females in 70s (falls)

12

where do tibial plateau fractures commonly occur

lateral> bicondylar > medial

13

aetiology of tibial plateau fracture

varus/valgus load

14

history TPF

high energy trauma in young
low energy falls in elderly

15

signs of TPF

laxity of > 10 degrees suggests instability

16

investigations of TPF

xray

17

complications of TPF

post traumatic arthritis