Year 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Year 3 Deck (23):
1

Name the flexors of the hip

Iliacus
Psoas major
Pectineus

2

What is the innervation of the hip flexors?

Femoral nerve (L2-L4)

3

Name the extensors of the hip

Biceps femoris
Semitendinosis
Semimembranosis
Gluteus maximus

4

What nerve innervates gluteus maximus?

Inferior gluteal nerve (L5-S2)

5

What nerve innervates the hamstrings?

Biceps femoris - fibular division of sciatic nerve
Semitendinosis and semimembranosis - tibial division of sciatic nerve

6

What muscles adduct the hip joint?

Adductor magnus
Adductor brevis
Adductor longus
Gracilis
Obturator externus

7

What nerve innervates the adductor compartment of the hip joint?

Obturator nerve (L2-L4)

8

What muscles abduct the hip joint?

Gluteus medium
Gluteus minimus
TFL

9

What nerve supplies the hip abductors?

Superior gluteal nerve (L4-S1)

10

What muscles medially rotate the hip?

Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
TFL

11

What muscles externally rotate the hip?

Piriformis
Obturator internus
Gemelli (twins)
Quadrator femoris

12

What vein runs anterior to the medial malleolus?

Long (great) saphenous vein

13

What vein runs posterior to the lateral malleolus?

Short saphenous vein

14

Which vein does the great saphenous vein drain into?

Femoral vein

15

Which vein does the short saphenous vein drain into?

Popliteal vein

16

Which muscle is the main extensor of the hip?

Gluteus maximus

17

Which of the hamstring muscles lies most lateral?

Biceps femoris

18

What action do the hamstring muscles have on the knee joint?

Flexion

19

Which hip adductor lies most medial?

Gracilis

20

Name the 4 heads of quadriceps femoris

Rectus femoris
Vastus intermedius
Vastus medialis
Vastus lateralis

21

What nerve innervates the quadriceps femoris?

Femoral nerve (L2-L4)

22

What is the action of sartorius on the knee?

Flexion

23

What is the action of sartorius on the hip?

Flexion