動詞2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 動詞2 Deck (78):
1

負う

おう - 1: to bear; to carry on one's back;
2: to take responsibility for; to accept a duty;
3: to be injured;
4: to owe

2

舞う

まう - 1: to dance (orig. a whirling dance);
2: to flutter about; to revolve

3

競う

きそう - 1: to compete with;
2: to emulate

4

担う

になう - to carry on shoulder; to bear (burden); to shoulder (gun)

5

養う

やしなう - to rear; to maintain; to support (e.g. family); to cultivate

6

損なう

そこなう - to harm; to hurt; to injure; to damage; to fail in doing

7

恥じらう

はじらう - to feel shy; to be bashful; to blush

8

見計らう

みはからう - to choose at one's own discretion

9

説く

とく - to explain; to advocate; to preach; to persuade

10

築く

きずく - to build; to pile up; to amass

11

導く

みちびく - 1: to guide; to lead; to show the way; to conduct;
2: to derive; to deduce

12

接ぐ

つぐ - 1: to join;
2: to piece together;
3: to set (bones);
4: to graft (trees)

13

研ぐ

とぐ - 1: to sharpen; to hone; to whet; to grind;
2: to wash (rice);
3: to scour; to polish; to burnish

14

担ぐ

かつぐ - 1: to shoulder; to carry on one's shoulder;
2: to take (someone) for a ride; to deceive; to take in

15

召す

めす - 1: (Honorific or respectful language) to call; to invite; to send for; to summon;
2: to eat; to drink;

16

記す

しるす - 1: to write down; to note; to jot down;
2: to remember

17

逃す

のがす - to let loose; to set free; to let escape; to miss

18

耕す

たがやす - to till; to plow; to plough; to cultivate

19

著す

あらわす - to write; to publish

20

志す

こころざす - to plan; to intend; to aspire to; to set aims (sights on)

21

明かす

あかす - 1: to pass (e.g. the night); to spend;
2: to reveal; to divulge

22

生かす

いかす - to make (the best) use of; to leverage (skills, attributes, experience, etc.); to capitalize on (experience, etc);

23

抜かす

ぬかす - 1: to omit; to leave out;
2: (Vulgar expression or word) to say; to speak

24

生やす

はやす - to grow; to cultivate; to wear a beard

25

費やす

ついやす - to spend; to devote; to waste

26

交わす

かわす - 1: to exchange (messages, greetings, arguments, etc.);
2: to intersect; to cross; to interlace;
3: () ... with one another; ... to each other

27

冷やかす

ひやかす - 1: to banter; to make fun of; to jeer at;
2: to cool; to refrigerate

28

断つ

たつ - to sever; to cut off; to suppress; to abstain (from)

29

保つ

たもつ - to keep; to preserve; to hold; to retain; to maintain; to support; to sustain; to last; to endure; to keep well (Food term) ; to wear well; to be durable

30

尊ぶ

とうとぶ - to value; to prize; to esteem; to respect

31

産む

うむ - to give birth; to deliver; to produce

32

富む

とむ - to be rich; to become rich

33

病む

やむ - to fall ill; to be ill

34

歩む

あゆむ - to walk; to go on foot

35

絡む

からむ - 1: to entangle; to entwine;
2: to pick a quarrel; to find fault;
3: to be involved with; to be influenced by; to develop a connection with

36

涼む

すずむ - to cool oneself; to cool off; to enjoy evening cool

37

恵む

めぐむ - 1: to bless; to show mercy to;
2: to give (money, etc.)

38

営む

いとなむ - to carry on (e.g. in ceremony); to run a business

39

危ぶむ

あやぶむ - to fear; to have misgivings; to be doubtful; to mistrust

40

重んじる

おもんじる - to respect; to honor; to honour; to esteem; to prize

41

練る

ねる - 1: to knead; to thicken into a paste (stirring over a flame);
2: to polish (a plan, etc.); to refine; to elaborate; to work out;
3: to train; to drill; to exercise;

42

構える

かまえる - 1: to set up (e.g. a building);
2: to prepare in advance (e.g. a meal); to prepare to use something (e.g. a camera);
3: to plan; to scheme;

43

和らげる

やわらげる - to soften; to moderate; to relieve

44

反る

そる ー1: to warp; to be warped; to curve; to be curved; to be arched;

45

煙る

けむる - 1: to smoke (e.g. fire);
2: to be hazy

46

募る

つのる - 1: to invite contributions, etc.; to solicit help, participation, etc.; to recruit (e.g. soldiers);
2: () to grow violent; to become stronger; to become worse

47

図る

はかる - 1: to plot; to attempt; to plan; to devise; to design;
2: to take in; to deceive;
3: to aim for; to have something in mind;
4: to refer A to B

48

勝る

まさる - 1: to excel; to surpass; to exceed; to have an edge; to be superior; to outrival;
2: to outweigh; to preponderate

49

操る

あやつる - 1: to manipulate; to operate; to handle; to operate (e.g. a machine); to steer (a ship);
2: to have a good command of (a language); to be fluent in;
3: to operate a puppet; to pull the strings of a puppet;
4: to mastermind; to pull the strings; to control from the shadows;

50

誤る

あやまる - 1: to make a mistake; to err;
2: to mislead; to misguide

51

受かる

うかる - to pass (examination)

52

群がる

むらがる - to swarm; to gather

53

連なる

つらなる - to extend; to stretch out; to stand in a row

54

交わる

まじわる - 1: to cross; to intersect; to join; to meet;
2: to associate with; to mingle with; to consort with;
3: to have a sexual relationship; to copulate

55

老いる

おいる - to age; to grow old

56

強いる

しいる - to force; to compel; to coerce

57

率いる

ひきいる - to lead; to spearhead (a group); to command (troops)

58

恥じる

はじる - to feel ashamed

59

帯びる

おびる - 1: to wear (sword, decoration, etc.); to carry;
2: to be entrusted (e.g. with a mission); to take on;
3: to have a trace of; to be tinged with

60

省みる

かえりみる - 1: to look back (e.g. over shoulder or at the past); to turn around; to review;
2: to reflect; to reconsider;
3: to consider (usu. used in negative); to concern oneself about

61

試みる

こころみる - to try; to test

62

経る

へる - via; to pass

63

絶える

たえる - 1: to die out; to peter out; to become extinct;
2: to cease; to be stopped; to be discontinued; to be cut off

64

映える

はえる - to shine; to look attractive; to look pretty

65

仕える

つかえる - to serve; to work for; to attend

66

生ける

いける - 1: to arrange (flowers); to plant;

67

化ける

ばける - 1: to appear in disguise; to take the form of;
2: to change for the worse; to corrupt

68

更ける

ふける - to get late; to advance; to wear on

69

老ける

ふける - to age; to grow old

70

授ける

さずける - to grant; to award; to teach

71

設ける

もうける - to create; to establish

72

告げる

つげる - to inform; to tell; to ring (bell, alarm, warning, etc.)

73

果てる

はてる - 1: to end; to be finished; to be exhausted; to die; to perish;
2: (Suffix) indicates an extreme has been reached

74

定める

さだめる - to decide; to establish; to determine

75

乱れる

みだれる - 1: to be disordered; to be disarranged; to be disarrayed; to be disheveled;
2: to be discomposed; to be upset; to get confused; to be disturbed;
3: to lapse into chaos (due to war, etc.)

76

敗れる

やぶれる - to be defeated; to be unsuccessful

77

訪れる

おとずれる - 1: to visit; to call on;
2: () to arrive; to come; to appear

78

値する

あたいする - to be worth; to deserve; to merit