動詞 Flashcards Preview

日本語 - 漢字 > 動詞 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 動詞 Deck (99):
0

飼う

かうー to keep, own a pet

1

縫う

ぬう - to sew

2

酔う

よう - to be drunk

3

遭う

あう to meet (misfortune), encounter

4

沿う

そう - 1. to line, run along 2. To be in line with

5

覆う

おおう - to cover

6

奪う

うばう - to rob, take (by force)

7

倣う

ならう - to follow (an example) to model after

8

狂う

くるう - to go mad, to lose one's wits.

9

誘う

さそう - 1. To invite 2. To induce 3. To tempt, lure

10

誓う

ちかう - to vow, swear, pledge

11

伴う

ともなう - 1. To involve, go hand in hand with
2. To accompany

12

扱う

あつかう - to treat, handle

13

従う

したがう - to obey, to follow (a rule)

14

聴く

きく - to listen to

15

裂く

さく - to tear, rend, split

16

敷く

しく - to spread, lay out (e.g. a mat or futon)

17

炊く

たく - to cook (boil) rice

18

吐く

はく - to vomit

19

弾く

ひく - to play an instrument

20

渇く

かわく - to thirst

21

履く

はく - to put on, wear shoes

22

描く

えがく - 1. To draw, paint 2. To describe, depict 3. To imagine, picture 4. To form, make the shape of

23

砕く

くだく - to smash, crush, break into pieces

24

響く

ひびく - 1. to sound, echo, resound
2. To effect, resonate

25

騒ぐ

さわぐ - 1. to make noise 2. To make a big fuss about

26

輝く

かがやく - 1. to sparkle, glitter, shine 2. To beam (person) glorious

27

脱ぐ

ぬぐ - to take off (clothes)

28

稼ぐ

かせぐ - to earn a living.

29

脅かす

おどかす - to startle, frighten

30

挿す

さす - 1. To insert, put in 2. To arrange 3. To plant

30

崩す

くずす - to destroy, demolish
2. To change money (break a large bill)

32

励ます

はげます - to encourage, cheer up

33

致す

いたす - to do (honorific)

34

繰り返す

くりかえす - to repeat

35

撃つ

うつ - 1. To shoot (a gun) 2. To attack

36

討つ

うつ - 1. To avenge, get revenge 2. To subjugate (rebels), correct (injustice)

37

跳ぶ

とぶ - to jump, leap

38

酌む

くむ - to drink (usually alcohol)

39

澄む

すむ - to become clear (transparent). To clear up (sky). To become serene, tranquil (mind)

40

踏む

ふむ - to step on

41

恨む

うらむ - to resent, bear a grudge

42

縮む

ちぢむ - to shrink

43

悔やむ

くやむ - to regret

44

膨らむ

ふくらむ - to swell, grow large

45

刈る

かる - to mow, trim, prune (grass). To cut, clip (hair)

46

釣る

つる - to catch (fish)

47

撮る

とる - take a picture, shoot film

48

振る

ふる - to shake, sway, wave

2. To cast for a role
3. To refuse, reject

49

彫る

ほる - to cut, chisel, inscribe

50

盛る

もる - to pile up, to serve food

51

至る

いたる - to lead to, to extend as far as (usually unexpected)

52

劣る

おとる - to be inferior to

53

飾る

かざる - to decorate

54

腐る

くさる - to go bad, to rot

55

削る

けずる - to sharpen. To shave or to plane

2. To remove, delete

56

茂る

しげる - to grow thick, to be overgrown

57

縛る

しばる - to tie, to bind

58

絞る

しぼる - to wring out (towel) squeeze (eg lemon) milk a cow
2. Gather up (curtain)
3. Turn down (volume)

59

滑る

すべる - to slip

60

迫る

せまる - 1. To approach (destination, time limit)
2. To press for, demand (eg for money)

61

黙る

だまる - to be silent, to shut up

62

握る

にぎる - to grip, grasp, take hold of

63

濁る

にごる - to become murky, muddy, unclear

64

巡る

めぐる - to circle around, circulate
2. With regards to, concerning

65

潜る

もぐる - to dive into, submerge, conceal

66

譲る

ゆずる - to pass down (inheritance), hand over, transfer

67

謝る

あやまる - to apologize

68

偏る

かたよる - to be unbalanced, biased.
To lean against, to lean to one side

69

透き通る

すきとおる - to see through, to pass by, through

70

煮る

にる - to boil, simmer

71

診る

みる - to examine, to consult a doctor

72

飽きる

あきる - to grow tired of

73

飢える

うえる - to starve

74

殖える

ふえる - to multiply, increase

75

訴える

うったえる - to sue, to complain, to charge (with a crime)

76

蓄える

たくわえる - to store up, save

77

掛ける

かける - to hang, to put up,

To multiply (math)
To lock

78

避ける

さける - to avoid, keep away from

79

漬ける

つける - to pickle (preserve)

80

怠ける

なまける - to neglect, be lazy

81

揚げる

あげる - to hoist, fly (a flag)
2. To deep fry

82

焦げる

こげる - to burn, be charred

83

妨げる

さまたげる - to disturb, impede

84

載せる

のせる - 1. To put on something
2. To load into
2. To publish (e.g. put in the newspaper)

85

慌てる

あわてる - to panic, get flustered, lose one's presence

86

隔てる

へだてる - be separated from, beyond ~, after (time lapse)

87

企てる

くわだてる - scheme, plan. Attempt, try (negative)

88

兼ねる

かねる - to serve as, be both A and B

89

跳ねる

はねる - jump, bound, prance

90

尋ねる

たずねる - to search for
To ask, inquire

91

締める

しめる - to fasten, tighten, firm up

92

攻める

せめる - to attack, assault, assail

93

褒める

ほめる - to praise, speak well of, commend

94

納める

おさめる - to accept
To deliver
To pay one's taxes

95

勧める

すすめる - to recommend

96

眺める

ながめる - to gaze at, to look at, view

97

慰める

なぐさめる - to comfort, console, give solace, cheer up

98

揺れる

ゆれる - to shake, swing, tremble