動詞3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 動詞3 Deck (74):
1

添う

そう - 1: to meet (one's expectations, etc.); to satisfy; to comply with;
2: to accompany; to stay by one's side;
3: to marry; to wed;
4: to be added

2

襲う

おそう - 1: to attack; to assail; to make an assault; to strike; to hunt down;
2: to succeed (someone in a post, role, etc.);
3: to make a sudden visit

3

潤う

うるおう - 1: to be moist; to be damp; to get wet; to be watered;
2: to profit by; to receive benefits; to receive favors (favours);
3: to become rich; to become at ease financially

4

漂う

ただよう - 1: to drift; to float;
2: to waft (e.g. a scent); to hang in the air;
3: to be in the air (e.g. a feeling or mood);
4: to wander; to walk around aimlessly;

5

繕う

つくろう - to mend; to repair; to fix; to patch up;

6

賄う

まかなう - to give board to; to provide meals; to pay; to cover (the cost)

7

裁く

さばく - to judge

8

嘆く

なげく - to sigh; to lament; to grieve

9

欺く

あざむく - to deceive; to delude; to trick; to fool

10

赴く

おもむく - 1: to go in the direction of; to proceed toward; to proceed according to; to repair to;
2: to become; to face (facts, circumstances, etc.); to abide by; to agree to; to consent to; to obey

11

貫く

つらぬく - 1: to go through; to pierce; to penetrate;
2: to persist; to stick to

12

継ぐ

つぐ - to succeed (someone in a business or inheritance)

13

仰ぐ

あおぐ - 1: to look up (at);
2: to look up (to); to respect; to revere;
3: to ask for; to seek;
4: to turn to someone; to depend on;

14

揺らぐ

ゆらぐ - to swing; to sway; to shake; to tremble

15

侵す

おかす - 1: to invade; to raid; to violate (airspace, etc.); to intrude; to trespass;
2: to infringe; to encroach;
3: to harm; to afflict; to affect

16

脅す

おどす - to threaten; to menace

17

促す

うながす - to urge; to press; to prompt; to suggest; to demand; to stimulate; to quicken; to incite; to invite (attention to)

18

施す

ほどこす - 1: to give (time, money, goods); to donate;
2: to do; to perform; to conduct;
3: to apply (processing, makeup, etc.); to add (e.g. ornamentation, annotation);
4: to sow; to seed; to scatter (e.g. fertilizer); to sprinkle;

19

催す

もよおす - 1: to hold (a meeting); to give (a dinner); to show signs of;
2: to feel (sensation, emotion, etc.)

20

覆す

くつがえす - to overturn; to upset; to overthrow; to undermine

21

脅かす

おびやかす - 1: to intimidate; to scare;
2: to jeopardize; to endanger; to imperil

22

尽くす

つくす - 1: to exhaust; to run out;
2: to devote; to serve (a person); to befriend;

23

摘む

つむ - to pluck; to pick; to trim

24

挑む

いどむ - 1: to challenge; to throw down the gauntlet; to contend for; to tackle;
2: to pressure someone for sex; to woo; to make love to

25

臨む

のぞむ - 1: to look out on;
2: to face;
3: to deal with;
4: to attend (e.g. function); to appear (e.g. in court)

26

励む

はげむ - to be zealous; to brace oneself; to endeavour; to endeavor; to strive; to make an effort

27

阻む

はばむ - to keep someone from doing; to stop; to prevent; to check; to hinder; to obstruct; to oppose; to thwart

28

謹む

つつしむ - 1: to be careful; to be discreet;
2: to do in moderation; to refrain (from overdoing); to abstain;
3: to be reverent;
4: to be purified; to be chaste

29

惜しむ

おしむ - 1: to be frugal; to be sparing;
2: to value; to hold dear;
3: to regret (e.g. a loss); to feel sorry (for);
4: to be unwilling; to be reluctant

30

織る

おる - to weave

31

擦る

する - 1: to rub; to chafe; to strike () ; to file; to frost (glass);
2: to lose (e.g. a match); to forfeit; to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)

32

漏る

もる - to leak; to run out

33

焦る

あせる - to be in a hurry; to be impatient

34

悟る

さとる - 1: to understand; to comprehend; to realize; to perceive; to sense; to discern;
2: to attain enlightenment

35

障る

さわる - to hinder; to interfere with; to affect; to do one harm; to be harmful to

36

粘る

ねばる - 1: to be sticky; to be adhesive;
2: to persevere; to persist; to stick to; to hold out; to linger

37

諮る

はかる - to consult with; to discuss; to confer; to deliberate

38

誇る

ほこる - to boast of; to be proud of

39

偽る

いつわる - to lie; to cheat; to falsify; to deceive; to pretend

40

怠る

おこたる - to be negligent in doing something; to shirk; to be off one's guard

41

陥る

おちいる - to fall; to trap; to cave in; to collapse

42

遮る

さえぎる - to interrupt; to intercept; to obstruct

43

賜る

たまわる - 1: (Humble (kenjougo) language) to be given; to be granted; to be honored with; to be honoured with;
2: (Honorific or respectful language) to give; to bestow; to confer; to honor; to honour

44

葬る

ほうむる - to bury; to inter; to entomb; to consign to oblivion; to shelve

45

奉る

たてまつる - to offer; to present; to revere; to do respectfully

46

滞る

とどこおる - to stagnate; to be delayed

47

携わる

たずさわる - to engage in; to participate; to take part

48

取り締まる

とりしまる - to manage; to control; to supervise; to crack down on

49

尽きる

つきる - to be used up; to be run out; to be exhausted; to be consumed; to come to an end

50

朽ちる

くちる - to rot

51

滅びる

ほろびる - to be ruined; to go under; to perish; to be destroyed

52

染みる

しみる - 1: to pierce; to penetrate; to soak in; to permeate;
2: to (enter a wound or sensitive area and) sting;
3: to be infected (with vice); to be steeped (with prejudice)

53

顧みる

かえりみる - 1: to look back (e.g. over shoulder or at the past); to turn around; to review;
2: to reflect; to reconsider;
3: to consider (usu. used in negative); to concern oneself about

54

懲りる

こりる - to learn by experience; to be disgusted with

55

据える

すえる - 1: to place (in position); to fix; to set (e.g. table); to lay (foundation);
2: to install; to seat (someone);
3: to settle (upon something); to fix (e.g. one's gaze);
4: to apply (moxa)

56

添える

そえる - 1: to garnish; to accompany (as a card does a gift);
2: to add to as support; to prop up;
3: to accompany (as an aid, guide, translator, etc.);

57

堪える

たえる - 1: to bear; to stand; to endure; to put up with;
2: () to support; to withstand; to resist; to brave;
3: to be fit for; to be equal to

58

抑える

おさえる - 1: to pin something down; to hold something down; to hold something back; to stop; to restrain; to curb;
2: to seize; to grasp; to arrest;
3: to gain control of something; to govern; to keep down (e.g. information); to suppress;
4: to catch happening; to determine (important points); to find (proof); to understand

59

鍛える

きたえる - 1: to forge; to temper;
2: to drill; to train; to discipline

60

唱える

となえる - 1: to recite; to chant;
2: to cry; to yell; to shout;
3: to advocate; to advance; to preach; to insist

61

控える

ひかえる - 1: to be temperate in; to restrain oneself from excessive ...;
2: to make notes;
3: to hold back;
4: to be in preparation for; to be in waiting for;
5: to be soon; to be in the offing;
6: to be in a close relationship (e.g. as a backer, etc.)

62

衰える

おとろえる - to become weak; to decline; to wear; to abate; to decay; to wither; to waste away

63

耐える

たえる - 1: to bear; to stand; to endure; to put up with;
2: () to support; to withstand; to resist; to brave;
3: to be fit for; to be equal to

64

踏まえる

ふまえる - to be based on; to have origin in

65

駆ける

かける - 1: to run (race, esp. horse); to dash;
2: to gallop (one's horse); to canter;

66

遂げる

とげる - to accomplish; to achieve; to carry out

67

掲げる

かかげる - 1: to publish; to print; to carry (an article);
2: to put up; to hang out; to hoist; to fly (a sail); to float (a flag); to tout;
3: to set forth (provision)

68

染める

そめる - to dye; to colour; to color

69

傷める

いためる - to damage; to impair; to spoil

70

緩める

ゆるめる - to loosen; to slow down

71

垂れる

たれる - 1: to hang; to droop; to dangle; to sag; to lower; to pull down;
2: to leave behind (at death); to give; to confer;
3: to drip; to ooze; to trickle; to drop

72

廃れる

すたれる - to go out of use; to become obsolete; to die out; to go out of fashion

73

紛れる

まぎれる - to be diverted; to slip into

74

免れる

まぬかれる - to escape from; to be rescued from; to avoid; to evade; to avert; to elude; to be exempted; to be relieved from pain; to get rid of