第九課:氣候變遷(生字) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 第九課:氣候變遷(生字) Deck (103):
1

國防部

 

( ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄈㄤˊ ㄅㄨ )

(N) Department of Defence, Ministry of Defence

2

委託

 

( ㄨㄟˇ ㄊㄨㄛ )

(V) to entrust, to trust, to commission

 

3

專家

( measure words: 位,個 )

( ㄓㄨㄢ ㄐㄧㄚ )

(N) expert, specialist

4

氣候

( measure word: 種 )

( ㄑㄧˋ ㄏㄡˋ )

(N) climate, atmosphere, situation

5

變 遷(迁)

e.g. 全球化是社會 變遷 的原因之一。

 

( ㄅㄧㄢˋ ㄑㄧㄢ )

(N) change, vicissitude

(V) to change

  • vicissitude =  a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant.

6

引發

e.g. 這次地震 引發 了很大的災難。

( ㄧㄣˇ ㄈㄚ )

(V) to lead to, to trigger, to initiate, to cause, to evoke (emotions)

7

浩劫

( measure word: 場 )

( ㄏㄠˋ ㄐㄧㄝˊ )

(名) 巨大的災難

8

仍未

 

( ㄖㄥˊ ㄨㄟˋ )

still not

9

損失

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄙㄨㄣˇ ㄕ )

(N) loss, damage

(V) to lose, to suffer damage

10

以致

e.g. 政府的政策有錯誤,以致 造成了農民的損失。

( ㄧˇ ㄓˋ )

(Conj) (usually, referring to bad results ) so that, with the result that, consequently, as a result

11

警察

( measure words: 位,名,個 )

( ㄐㄧㄥˇ ㄔㄚˊ )

(N) police officer, police, policeman

12

懷疑

 

( ㄏㄨㄞˊ ㄧˊ )

(V) to doubt something, to be sceptical of, to have one's doubts, to harbour suspicions, to suspect that

(N) doubt, suspicion, distrust

13

質(质) 疑

e.g. 警察一直 質疑 那個人的說法,懷疑不是真的。

( ㄓˋ ㄧˊ )

(V) to call into question (someone's speech or actions), to question (truth or validity), to query (with doubt or suspicion)

14

記者

( measure words: 個,位,名 )

( ㄐㄧˋ ㄓㄜˇ )

(N) journalist, news reporter, correspondent

15

刻意

e.g. 那家公司的老闆常常 刻意 避免記者的訪問。

( ㄎㄜˋ ㄧˋ )

(Adv) intentionally, deliberately, painstakingly, meticulously, sedulously

  • sedulous = (of a person or action) showing dedication and diligence.

16

打 壓(压)

e.g. 有人批評國民黨政府過去總是 打壓 台灣人。

( ㄉㄚˇ ㄧㄚ )

(V) to suppress, to beat down

17

一心

e.g. 他 一心 想成為有名的畫家。

( ㄧ ㄒㄧㄣ )

(Adv) wholeheartedly

(N) one mind

18

淡化

e.g. 那家公司一心想 淡化 過去不好的形象。

( ㄉㄢˋ ㄏㄨㄚˋ )

(V) to play down, to trivialise, to weaken, to water down, to desalinate

19

五角大廈/五角大樓

 

( ㄨˇ ㄐㄧㄠˇ ㄉㄚˋ ㄕㄚˋ )/( ㄨˇ ㄐㄧㄠˇ ㄉㄚˋ ㄌㄡˊ )

(N) the Pentagon (in Washington)

20

溫室效應

e.g. 全球天氣異常,不僅代表 溫室效應 惡化,也表明環境保護工作走到了一個新的路口。

( ㄨㄣ ㄕˋ ㄒㄧㄠˋ ㄧㄥˋ )

(N) greenhouse effect

21

導致

e.g. 空氣污染 導致 溫室效應。

( ㄉㄠˇ ㄓˋ )

(動) 造成;引起 (不好的結果)

 

22

海平面

 

( ㄏㄞˇ ㄆㄧㄥˊ ㄇㄧㄢˋ )

(N) sea level

23

學者

( measure words: 個,位,名 )

( ㄒㄩㄝˊ ㄓㄜˇ )

(N) scholar

24

遭到

e.g. 那位教授的新理論 遭到 很多學者的批評。

( ㄗㄠ ㄉㄠˋ )

(V) to meet with, to encounter (something bad), to suffer

25

洪水

( measure words: 場,次 )

( ㄏㄨㄥˊ ㄕㄨㄟˇ )

(N) deluge, flood, floodwater

  • deluge = a severe flood.

26

肆虐

e.g. 颱風在南海 肆虐 了一個多星期。

( ㄙˋ ㄋㄩㄝˋ )

(V) to wreak havoc, to devastate, to ravage

27

預估

 

( ㄩˋ ㄍㄨ )

(V) to estimate, to forecast

(N) prediction, projection

28

低 窪(洼)

 

( ㄉㄧ ㄨㄚ )

(SV) low-lying

29

荷蘭

 

( ㄏㄜˊ ㄌㄢˊ )

(N) Holland, the Netherlands

30

慘遭

 

( ㄘㄢˇ ㄗㄠ )

(V) to suffer (defeat, death etc.), to meet tragically with

31

淹沒

e.g. 這次大雨使得二分之一的農田都慘遭 淹沒

( ㄧㄢ ㄇㄛˋ )

(V) to drown, to submerge, to flood; to inundate, to figuratively drown

  • inundate = to overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with

32

災害

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄗㄞ ㄏㄞˋ )

(N) calamity, disaster

33

大幅

e.g. 中國的經濟正在 大幅 成長。

( ㄉㄚˋ ㄈㄨˊ )

(Adv) substantially, to a great extent, by a wide margin

(N) a big margin

34

喪命

 

( ㄙㄤˋ ㄇㄧㄥˋ )

(VO) to lose one's life, to meet one's death, to get killed

35

對待

 

( ㄉㄨㄟˋ ㄉㄞˋ )

(V) to treat, to approach, to handle

36

迴(回) 避

 

( ㄏㄨㄟˊ ㄅㄧˋ )

(V) to skirt, to avoid somebody, to evade (an issue)

  • to skirt = to attempt to ignore; to avoid dealing with.

37

正視

e.g. 毒品問題是每個國家都得 正視 的問題。

( ㄓㄥˋ ㄕˋ )

(動) 從正面看;用正眼看;

(動) 認真對待,不迴避

38

片面之詞

 

( ㄆㄧㄢˋ ㄇㄧㄢˋ ㄓ ㄘˊ )

(N) one side of the story

39

議定書

( measure word: 份 )

( ㄧˋ ㄉㄧㄥˋ ㄕㄨ )

(N) protocol, treaty

40

京都

 

( ㄐㄧㄥ ㄉㄨ )

(N) Kyoto (Japan)

41

遏阻

e.g. 要 遏阻 青少年犯罪,就得加強教育。

( ㄜˋ ㄗㄨˇ )

(V) to stop, to contain, to deter

42

條約

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄊㄧㄠˊ ㄩㄝ )

(N) treaty, pact

43

冷淡

 

( ㄌㄥˇ ㄉㄢˋ )

(SV) cold, indifferent, cheerless, desolate, dull, lustreless

44

遲遲

 

( ㄔˊ ㄔˊ )

(SV) slow, tardy

45

擔心

 

( ㄉㄢ ㄒㄧㄣ )

(V) to worry, to feel anxious

(SV) anxious, worried, uneasy

46

產業

 

( ㄔㄢˇ ㄧㄝˋ )

(N) industry

47

能源業

 

( ㄋㄥˊ ㄩㄢˊ ㄧㄝˋ )

(N) the energy industry

48

相關

 

( ㄒㄧㄤ ㄍㄨㄢ )

(V) to be interrelated, to be relevant

(N) correlation

49

損害

 

( ㄙㄨㄣˇ ㄏㄞˋ )

(V) to harm, to damage, to impair

50

出 爐(炉)

e.g. 那份調查報告是剛剛 出爐 的。

( ㄔㄨ ㄌㄨˊ )

(VO1) to come out, to be released

(VO2) to take out of the furnace/oven

51

案子

( measure words: 件,起,樁(桩) [ㄓㄨㄤ] )

( ㄢˋ ㄗ˙ )

(N) law case, legal case, judicial case

(N) long table, counter

52

迴避

e.g. 因為他的太太跟這個案子有關,他決定 迴避

( ㄏㄨㄟˊ ㄅㄧˋ )

(V) to avoid somebody, to recuse oneself

53

視為

e.g. 世界各國把中國 視為 一個大市場。

( ㄕˋ ㄨㄟˊ )

(動) 看作;認為是

54

論戰

 

( ㄌㄨㄣˋ ㄓㄢˋ )

(N) a polemical argument

(V) to debate, to contend

  • polemical = of or involving strongly critical or disputatious writing or speech

55

商議

 

( ㄕㄤ ㄧˋ )

(V) to discuss, to confer, to negotiate

  • confer = to have discussions; to exchange opinions

56

議題

( measure word: 項 )

( ㄧˋ ㄊㄧˊ )

(名) 會議商議討論的問題

57

層(层) 次

 

( ㄘㄥˊ ㄘˋ )

(N) levels

58

形 態(态)

 

( ㄒㄧㄥˊ ㄊㄞˋ )

(N) form, shape, pattern

59

獨特

 

( ㄉㄨˊ ㄊㄜˋ )

(SV) unique, distinctive, having special characteristics

60

敵(敌) 人

( measure words: 個,名 )

( ㄉㄧˊ ㄖㄣˊ )

(N) enemy, foe

61

槍(枪) 砲(炮)

 

( ㄑㄧㄤ ㄆㄠˋ )

(N) firearm

62

瞄準

 

( ㄇㄧㄠˊ ㄓㄨㄣˇ )

(V) to take aim at, to target

63

忠實

 

( ㄓㄨㄥ ㄕˊ )

(SV) faithful, loyal, true

64

盟友

( measure words: 個,名,位 )

( ㄇㄥˊ ㄧㄡˇ )

(N) ally

65

環(环) 保

 

( ㄏㄨㄢˊ ㄅㄠˇ )

環境保護

66

鴕鳥

( measure word: 隻 )

( ㄊㄨㄛˊ ㄋㄧㄠˇ )

(N) ostrich

67

反對黨

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄈㄢˇ ㄉㄨㄟˋ ㄉㄤˇ )

(N) opposition party, the opposition

68

正 確(确)

 

( ㄓㄥˋ ㄑㄩㄝˋ )

(SV) correct, right, proper

69

不以為然

e.g. 反對黨對總統的作法很 不以為然

( ㄅㄨˋ ㄧˇ ㄨㄟˊ ㄖㄢˊ )

不認為是正確的。表示不同意。

70

知名

 

( ㄓ ㄇㄧㄥˊ )

(SV) well-known, famous

(VO) to make one's name known

71

作家

( measure words: 個,位 )

( ㄗㄨㄛˋ ㄐㄧㄚ )

(N) author

72

邀請

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄧㄠ ㄑㄧㄥˇ )

(V) to invite

(N) invitation

73

白宮

 

( ㄅㄞˊ ㄍㄨㄥ )

(N) the White House

74

訪問

( measure word: 次 )

e.g. 那位知名的作家被邀請 訪問 白宮。

( ㄈㄤˇ ㄨㄣˋ )

(V) to visit, to call on, to interview

(N) a visit, an interview

75

暖化

e.g. 全球 暖化 的現象是非常明顯的。

( ㄋㄨㄢˇ ㄏㄨㄚˋ )

(V) to warm up

76

憂(忧) 心 忡 忡

e.g. 讓大家 憂心忡忡 的是中國大陸的環境破壞。

( ㄧㄡ ㄒㄧㄣ ㄔㄨㄥ ㄔㄨㄥ )

(Id) deeply worried and sick at heart

77

例行

 

( ㄌㄧˋ ㄒㄧㄥˊ )

(V) to do as a routine

78

檢討

e.g. 這家公司正在進行每年例行的 檢討

( ㄐㄧㄢˇ ㄊㄠˇ )

(V) to thoroughly discuss, to self-criticise

(N) self-criticism

79

球迷

( measure words: 位,個 )

( ㄑㄧㄡˊ ㄇㄧˊ )

(N) fan of ball sports

80

極(极) 其

 

( ㄐㄧˊ ㄑㄧˊ )

(Adv) extremely, exceedingly, highly

81

大為

 

( ㄉㄚˋ ㄨㄟˊ )

(副) 很,極其

82

振奮

e.g. 比賽的結果是全國的球迷大為 振奮

( ㄓㄣˋ ㄈㄣˋ )

(V) to stir oneself up, to raise one's spirit, to inspire

83

予取予求

e.g. 那個孩子在家裡總是能 予取予求

( ㄩˊ ㄑㄩˇ ㄩˊ ㄑㄧㄡˊ )

(Id) to get anything one wants

84

系統

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄒㄧˋ ㄊㄨㄥˇ )

(N) system

(Adj) systematic

85

設 備(备)

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄕㄜˋ ㄅㄟˋ )

(N) equipment, facilities, installations

86

公佈

 

( ㄍㄨㄥ ㄅㄨˋ )

(V) to promulgate, to announce, to publish, to make public

87

事件

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄢˋ )

(N) event, happening, incident

88

積(积) 極(极)

 

( ㄐㄧ ㄐㄧˊ )

(SV) active, energetic, vigorous, positive (outlook), proactive

89

醜(丑) 聞

( measure word: 件 )

( ㄔㄡˇ ㄨㄣˊ )

(N) scandal

90

流域

 

( ㄌㄧㄡˊ ㄩˋ )

(N) river basin, valley, drainage area

91

已開發國家

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄧˇ ㄎㄞ ㄈㄚ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄐㄧㄚ )

(N) developed country

92

跨國

 

( ㄎㄨㄚˋ ㄍㄨㄛˊ )

(Adj) transnational, multinational

93

外遇

 

( ㄨㄞˋ ㄩˋ )

(N) paramour, extramarital affair

  • paramour = a lover, especially the illicit partner of a married person.

94

 

( ㄊㄡ )

(V) to steal

(Adv) secretly

95

聽信

 

( ㄊㄧㄥ ㄒㄧㄣˋ )

(V) to listen to information, to get the news, to believe what one hears

(V) to wait for information

96

欺騙

 

( ㄑㄧ ㄆㄧㄢˋ )

(V) to cheat, to deceive, to dupe

97

回應

 

( ㄏㄨㄟˊ ㄧㄥˋ )

(N) an answer, a response

(V) to answer, to respond

98

官司

( measure words: 項,場 )

( ㄍㄨㄢ ㄙ˙ )

(N) lawsuit

99

判決

 

( ㄆㄢˋ ㄐㄩㄝˊ )

(N) judgment (by a court of law), a verdict, court decision

(V) to pass judgment on, to sentence

100

連續

 

( ㄌㄧㄢˊ ㄒㄩˋ )

(Adv) continuously, successively, in a row

 

101

攻擊

 

( ㄍㄨㄥ ㄐㄧ )

(V) to attack, to assault, to launch an offensive

102

針對

 

( ㄓㄣ ㄉㄨㄟˋ )

(V) to be directed against, to be aimed at, to counter

(Conj) in the light of, in connection with

103

鴕鳥政策

 

( ㄊㄨㄛˊ ㄋㄧㄠˇ ㄓㄥˋ ㄘㄜˋ )

(N) ostrich policy (sticking one's head in the sand, failing to acknowledge danger)