第八課:代理孕母(生字) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 第八課:代理孕母(生字) Deck (71):
1

代理

( measure words: 個,名,位 )

( ㄉㄞˋ ㄌㄧˇ )

(V) to act on behalf of somebody in a responsible position, to act as an agent or proxy

(N) representative, agent, substitute, deputy

2

自從

e.g. 自從 我大學畢業後,我就沒有接觸英文了。

( ㄗˋ ㄘㄨㄥˊ )

(Prep) from, since (a point in time)

3

代理孕母

 

( ㄉㄞˋ ㄌㄧˇ ㄩㄣˋ ㄇㄨˇ )

(N) surrogate mother

4

議題

( measure word: 項 )

( ㄧˋ ㄊㄧˊ )

(N) topic of discussion, topic, subject, issue (under discussion)

5

女 權(权)

 

( ㄋㄩˇ ㄑㄩㄢˊ )

(N) women's rights

6

贊成

e.g. 我們都 贊成 他所提出的意見。

( ㄗㄢˋ ㄔㄥˊ )

(V) to support, to approve of, to be in favour of

7

反對

e.g. 他提出的意見,沒有人 反對

( ㄈㄢˇ ㄉㄨㄟˋ )

(V) to oppose, to be against, to combat, to dispute

8

尚未

e.g. 公司對這件事情 尚未 做出決定。

( ㄕㄤˋ ㄨㄟˋ )

(副) 還沒有

9

向來

e.g. 張先生 向來 不喜歡開會。

( ㄒㄧㄤˋ ㄌㄞˊ )

(副) 從來

10

強調

e.g. 這家公司總是 強調 他們產品的品質。

( ㄑㄧㄤˊ ㄉㄧㄠˋ )

(V) to emphasise (a statement), to stress, to highlight

11

擔任

e.g. 黃先生在美商公司 擔任 經理。

( ㄉㄢ ㄖㄣˋ )

(V) to serve as, to hold a governmental office or post, to assume office of, to take charge of

12

意志

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄧˋ ㄓˋ )

(N) will, willpower, determination, volition

13

弱勢

e.g. 政府應該照顧 弱勢 團體。

( ㄖㄨㄛˋ ㄕˋ )

(SV) weak, powerless, disadvantageous, vulnerable

14

何嘗不可

e.g. 為了改善生活品質,花一點兒錢又 何嘗不可

( ㄏㄜˊ ㄔㄤˊ ㄅㄨˋ ㄎㄜˇ )

(FE) what would be wrong with that? what would be the problem?

15

費用

( measure words: 筆,個 )

( ㄈㄟˋ ㄩㄥˋ )

(N) expense, fee, cost, expenditure

16

昂貴

e.g. 治療艾滋病的費用相當 昂貴

( ㄤˊ ㄍㄨㄟˋ )

(SV) expensive, costly

17

龐大

e.g. 對政府來說,這筆費用是一個 龐大 的負擔。

( ㄆㄤˊ ㄉㄚˋ )

(SV) huge, tremendous, enormous, immense

18

負擔

e.g. 一個月兩萬塊的房租我 負擔 不起。

( ㄈㄨˋ ㄉㄢ )

(V) to bear, to shoulder, to support (a family, etc.)

(N) a burden, a load

19

階(阶) 層

 

( ㄐㄧㄝ ㄘㄥˊ )

(N) hierarchy, (social/economic) stratum, social class

20

不孕

e.g. 這個新科技對 不孕 的婦女來說,是一項好消息。

( ㄅㄨˋ ㄩㄣˋ )

(N) infertility

(SV) infertile

21

相對

e.g. 臺灣的總統大選,採用的是 相對 多數的方式。

( ㄒㄧㄤ ㄉㄨㄟˋ )

(Adv) relatively, comparatively

22

消費

e.g. 程老師常常到這家餐廳 消費

( ㄒㄧㄠ ㄈㄟˋ )

(V) to consume

(N) consumption

 

23

貧 窮(穷​)

e.g. 非洲有一些國家非常 貧窮

( ㄆㄧㄣˊ ㄑㄩㄥˊ )

(SV) impoverished, poor, needy

24

生育

e.g. 身體健康惡化讓她無法再 生育

( ㄕㄥ ㄩˋ )

(動) 生孩子

25

產生量

 

( ㄔㄢˇ ㄕㄥ ㄌㄧㄤˋ )

(N) production output, production volume

26

科技

 

( ㄎㄜ ㄐㄧˋ )

(N) science and technology

27

藉由

e.g. 我們可以藉由新科技來提高農業的產生量。

( ㄐㄧㄝˋ ㄧㄡˊ )

(Adv) by means of, through, via

28

不孝有三無後為大

 

( ㄅㄨˋ ㄒㄧㄠˋ ㄧㄡˇ ㄙㄢ ˙ ㄨˊ ㄏㄡˋ ㄨㄟˊ ㄉㄚˋ )

“There are three ways to be unfilial; having no children is the worst”

Mencius

29

傳宗接代

e.g. 傳統的中國人認為 傳宗接代 是一件重要的事。

( ㄔㄨㄢˊ ㄗㄨㄥ ㄐㄧㄝ ㄉㄞˋ )

(FE) to carry on one's ancestral line, to have a son to carry on the family name

30

討好

 

( ㄊㄠˇ ㄏㄠˇ )

(VO) to win favour by fawning on somebody, (negative) to be rewarded with a fruitful result

31

鞏(巩) 固

e.g. 這個政黨為了鞏固政權,努力地討好民眾。

( ㄍㄨㄥˇ ㄍㄨˋ )

 

32

重男輕女

 

( ㄓㄨㄥˋ ㄋㄢˊ ㄑㄧㄥ ㄋㄩˇ )

(ID) to value males and belittle females

33

解放

( measure word: 次 )

e.g. 打破重男輕女的觀念才能讓女性從傳統中 解放 出來。

( ㄐㄧㄝˇ ㄈㄤˋ )

(V) to liberate, to emancipate

(N) liberation, emancipation, the Communists' victory over the KMT in 1949.

34

父 權(权)

 

( ㄈㄨˋ ㄑㄩㄢˊ )

(N) paternal authority, patriarchy

 

35

推翻

 

( ㄊㄨㄟ ㄈㄢ )

(V) to overthrow

36

壓迫

e.g. 這個政府不斷地 壓迫 人民,因而人民打算推翻政府。

( ㄧㄚ ㄆㄛˋ )

(V) to oppress, to repress, to constrict;

(N) oppression, stress (physics)

37

爭議

 

( ㄓㄥ ㄧˋ )

(N) controversy, dispute

(V) to dispute

 

38

外交

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄨㄞˋ ㄐㄧㄠ )

(N) diplomacy, diplomatic, foreign affairs

39

途徑

 

( ㄊㄨˊ ㄐㄧㄥˋ )

(N) way, channel, method

40

透過

e.g. 我們可以 透過 外交途徑解決這個問題。

( ㄊㄡˋ ㄍㄨㄛˋ )

(RV) through, by means of, go through, via

41

合約

( measure word: 條 )

( ㄏㄜˊ ㄩㄝ )

(N) treaty, contract, agreement

42

訂立

e.g. 租房子要和房東 訂立 一個合約。

( ㄉㄧㄥˋ ㄌㄧˋ )

(V) to establish or conclude (a treaty, a contract, an agreement, etc)

43

規範

e.g. 道德可以 規範 一個人的行為嗎?

( ㄍㄨㄟ ㄈㄢˋ )

(V) to regulate

44

義務

( measure word: 項 )

( ㄧˋ ㄨˋ )

(N) obligation, duty

45

留待

 

( ㄌㄧㄡˊ ㄉㄞˋ )

(V) to leave something for later, to postpone (work, a decision, etc.)

46

日後

e.g. 這個問題留待 日後 討論。

( ㄖˋ ㄏㄡˋ )

(N) in the days to come, someday (in the future)

47

由於

 

( ㄧㄡˊ ㄩˊ )

 

48

盡(尽​) 孝 道

e.g. 中國人覺得子女應該 盡孝道

( ㄐㄧㄣˋ ㄒㄧㄠˋ ㄉㄠ˙ )

(VO) to uphold to the utmost the way of filial piety

49

血緣

 

( ㄒㄩㄝˋ ㄩㄢˊ )

(N) consanguinity, bloodline, ties of blood, blood relationship

  • consanguinity = relationship by descent from a common ancestor; kinship; close relationship or connection.

50

體制

 

( ㄊㄧˇ ㄓˋ )

(N) system, organisation

51

突破

e.g. 目前我們還沒有辦法 突破 醫學科技的限制。

( ㄊㄨ ㄆㄛˋ )

(V) to break through, to make a breakthrough, to overcome, to surmount or break the back of (a task etc), (of ball sports) to break through a defence

52

不幸

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄅㄨˋ ㄒㄧㄥˋ )

(SV) unfortunate

(N) misfortune, adversity

53

承受

e.g. 他家裡發生了太多不幸的事,他沒有辦法 承受

( ㄔㄥˊ ㄕㄡˋ )

(V) to bear, to receive, to accept, to inherit

54

磨練/磨煉

 

( ㄇㄛˊ ㄌㄧㄢˋ )

(V) to temper oneself, to steel oneself

(N) self-discipline, endurance

55

寫作

 

( ㄒㄧㄝˇ ㄗㄨㄛˋ )

(V) to write, to compose

(N) writing, written works

56

技巧

 

( ㄐㄧˋ ㄑㄧㄠˇ )

(N) skill, technique, craftsmanship

57

純熟

 

( ㄔㄨㄣˊ ㄕㄨˊ )

(SV) skilful, practised, well-versed, proficient

58

境界

 

( ㄐㄧㄥˋ ㄐㄧㄝˋ )

(N) boundary, state, realm;

(N) extent reached, plane or level attained.

59

自主權

 

( ㄗˋ ㄓㄨˇ ㄑㄩㄢˊ )

(N) power or ability to make one's own decisions; decision-making power.

60

人身自由

 

( ㄖㄣˊ ㄕㄣ ㄗˋ ㄧㄡˊ )

(N) personal freedom, personal liberty

61

三通

 

( ㄙㄢ ㄊㄨㄥ )

(N) the three direct links of trade, travel and post across the Taiwan Straits

62

交流

 

( ㄐㄧㄠ ㄌㄧㄡˊ )

(V) to exchange, to communicate

(N) exchange, communication, interaction

63

多變

 

( ㄉㄨㄛ ㄅㄧㄢˋ )

(VP) changeable, changeful, varied, variable

64

禮(礼) 貌

 

( ㄌㄧˇ ㄇㄠˋ )

(SV) polite, courteous

(N) courtesy, politeness, manners

65

養(养) 育

 

( ㄧㄤˇ ㄩˋ )

(N) to rear, to bring up, to nurture

66

鴻 溝(沟)

( measure words: 道,條 )

( ㄏㄨㄥˊ ㄍㄡ )

(N) wide gap, chasm, frontier, line of separation

  • chasm = a deep fissure in the earth's surface

67

引起

 

( ㄧㄣˇ ㄑㄧˇ )

(RV) to give rise to, to lead to, to cause, to arouse

68

誤會

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄨˋ ㄏㄨㄟˋ )

(V) to misunderstand, to mistake

(N) misunderstanding

69

介紹

 

( ㄐㄧㄝˋ ㄕㄠˋ )

(V) to introduce (someone to someone), to give a presentation, to present (somebody for a job, etc)

(N) introduction

70

擴展

 

( ㄎㄨㄛˋ ㄓㄢˇ )

(V) to expand, to spread, to extend

(N) expansion, extension

71

武力

 

( ㄨˇ ㄌㄧˋ )

(N) military force