第六課:憂鬱症(生字) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 第六課:憂鬱症(生字) Deck (101):
1

衛(卫) 生

 

( ㄨㄟˋ ㄕㄥ )

(SV) hygienic

(N) hygiene, health, sanitation

2

世界衛生組織

 

( ㄕˋ ㄐㄧㄝˋ ㄨㄟˋ ㄕㄥ ㄗㄨˇ ㄓ )

(N) World Health Organisation (WHO)

3

 

( ㄏㄨㄢˋ )

(V) to suffer (from illness), to contract (a disease)

4

憂(忧) 鬱(郁) 症

 

( ㄧㄡ ㄩˋ ㄓㄥˋ )

(N) depression

5

引發

e.g. 環境髒亂 引發 傳染病的流行。

( ㄧㄣˇ ㄈㄚ )

(V) to initiate, to trigger, to cause, to lead to, to spark off

6

疾病

( measure word: 種 )

( ㄐㄧˊ ㄅㄧㄥˋ )

(N) disease, sickness, ailment

7

自殺

 

( ㄗˋ ㄕㄚ )

(動) 自己殺自己

8

利 害 衝(冲) 突

 

( ㄌㄧˋ ㄏㄞˋ ㄔㄨㄥ ㄊㄨ )

(N) conflict of interest

9

往往

e.g. 戰爭 往往 是由於利害衝突所引發的。

( ㄨㄤˇ ㄨㄤˇ )

(Adv) often, frequently

(副) 表示某種情況經常出現

10

千萬

 

( ㄑㄧㄢ ㄨㄢˋ )

(Adv) by all means, absolutely

11

忽略

e.g. 你千萬不要因為工作忙碌而 忽略 了健康。

( ㄏㄨ ㄌㄩㄝˋ )

(V) to neglect, to overlook, to ignore

12

精神病

( measure word: 種 )

( ㄐㄧㄥ ㄕㄣˊ ㄅㄧㄥˋ )

(N) mental disorder, psychosis;

  • psychosis = a severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that contact is lost with external reality.

13

愛滋病/艾滋病​

( ㄞˋ ㄗ ㄅㄧㄥˋ )

(N) AIDS

14

同性戀

 

( ㄊㄨㄥˊ ㄒㄧㄥˋ ㄌㄧㄢˋ )

(N) homosexuality, homosexual, gay person, gay love

15

相提並論

e.g. 為什麼大家總喜歡把愛滋病和同性戀 相提並論

( ㄒㄧㄤ ㄊㄧˊ ㄅㄧㄥˋ ㄌㄨㄣˋ )

(Id) to discuss two disparate things together; to mention on equal terms; to consider two things on par with each other.

16

承認

 

( ㄔㄥˊ ㄖㄣˋ )

(V1) to admit, to acknowledge, to recognise (mistake, error, etc.)

(V2) to give diplomatic recognition

17

失去

 

( ㄕ ㄑㄩˋ )

(V) to lose

18

災(灾) 害

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄗㄞ ㄏㄞˋ )

(N) calamity, disaster

19

救助

 

( ㄐㄧㄡˋ ㄓㄨˋ )

(V) to help somebody in danger or difficulty, to succour;

  • succour = (V) to give assistance or aid to; (N) assistance and support in times of hardship and distress​;

20

及時

e.g. 災害發生時,政府應 及時 提供救助。

( ㄐㄧˊ ㄕˊ )

(Adv) timely, at the proper time, immediately, promptly, immediately, without delay

21

治 療(疗)

 

( ㄓˋ ㄌㄧㄠˊ )

(V) to treat, to cure, to remedy

(N) medical treatment, cure, therapy

22

癌症

 

( ㄞˊ ㄓㄥˋ )

(N) cancer

23

個性

( measure word: 種 )

( ㄍㄜˋ ㄒㄧㄥˋ )

(N) individual character, personality, individuality

24

接 觸(触)

 

( ㄐㄧㄝ ㄔㄨˋ )

(V) to come into contact with, to get in touch with, to engage, to contact

25

內向

e.g. 因為他個性比較 內向,不喜歡跟人接觸。

( ㄋㄟˋ ㄒㄧㄤˋ )

(SV) introverted, reserved (personality), domestic-oriented (economics etc)

26

情緒

( measure word: 種 )

( ㄑㄧㄥˊ ㄒㄩˋ )

(N) mood, state of mind, moodiness, sentiments, morale, feeling

27

低落

 

( ㄉㄧ ㄌㄨㄛˋ )

(V) to decline

(SV) gloomy, downcast, low-spirited

28

偶 爾(尔)

e.g. 我不常生病,只是偶爾有一點小感冒。

( ㄡˇ ㄦˇ )

(Adv) once in a while, occasionally, sometimes

(SV) occasionally

29

寂寞

 

( ㄐㄧˋ ㄇㄛˋ )

(SV) lonely, lonesome, (of a place) quiet/still/silent

30

成績

( measure words: 項,個 )

( ㄔㄥˊ ㄐㄧˋ )

(N) achievement, performance records, grades

31

沮喪

e.g. 他考試的成績一直沒有進步,讓他非常 沮喪

( ㄐㄩˇ ㄙㄤˋ )

(SV) depressed, disheartened, dispirited, dismayed, dejected

32

挫折

 

( ㄘㄨㄛˋ ㄓㄜˊ )

(N) a setback, a reverse, a defeat, frustration, disappointment;

(V) to reverse, to frustrate, to discourage, to set somebody back, to subdue

33

反應

( measure word: 個 )

e.g. 一般人對於挫折的 反應 都不一樣。

( ㄈㄢˇ ㄧㄥˋ )

(N) reaction, response

(V) to react, to respond

34

自動

 

( ㄗˋ ㄉㄨㄥˋ )

(Adj) automatic

(Adv) voluntarily, of one's own accord

35

正常

 

( ㄓㄥˋ ㄔㄤˊ )

(SV) normal, regular, average

36

面對

 

( ㄇㄧㄢˋ ㄉㄨㄟˋ )

(V) to face, to confront

37

吸收

 

( ㄒㄧ ㄕㄡ )

(V) to absorb, to assimilate, to ingest, to recruit

38

資訊

 

( ㄗ ㄒㄩㄣˋ )

(N) information

(名) 資料和信息

39

千變萬化

e.g. 現在科技 千變萬化,讓現代人難適應。

( ㄑㄧㄢ ㄅㄧㄢˋ ㄨㄢˋ ㄏㄨㄚˋ )

(FE) to be ever-changing, countless changes, constant permutation;

  • permutation = each of several possible ways in which a set or number of things can be ordered or arranged

40

趨(趋) 勢(势)

e.g. 黑白色是今年冬天流行的 趨勢

( ㄑㄩ ㄕˋ )

(N) a trend

41

都市

 

( ㄉㄨ ㄕˋ )

(名) 大城市

42

擁(拥) 擠(挤)

 

( ㄩㄥ ㄐㄧˇ )

(N) crowdedness, congestion

(SV) crowded; pushed and squeezed together

43

角色

 

( ㄐㄩㄝˊ ㄙㄜˋ )/( ㄐㄧㄠˇ ㄙㄜˋ )

(N) role, part, persona, character in a novel

44

多元化

e.g. 能接受各種不同思想,就是社會 多元化 的表現。

( ㄉㄨㄛ ㄩㄢˊ ㄏㄨㄚˋ )

(V) to diversify

(N) diversification, pluralism

45

終於

 

( ㄓㄨㄥ ㄩˊ )

(Adv) at last, in the end, finally, eventually

(副) 表示最後出現某種結果

46

崩潰

e.g. 他長久處在壓力之下,終於受不了而崩潰了。

( ㄅㄥ ㄎㄨㄟˋ )

(V) to collapse, to crumble, to fall apart

47

心情

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄒㄧㄣ ㄑㄧㄥˊ )

(N) emotional state, mood

48

焦 慮(虑)

e.g. 他一直沒有接到佳人的消息,因此感到非常 焦慮

( ㄐㄧㄠ ㄌㄩˋ )

(SV) anxious, worried, apprehensive

49

自卑

 

( ㄗˋ ㄅㄟ )

(SV) to feel oneself inferior, to have low self-esteem

50

悲觀

 

( ㄅㄟ ㄍㄨㄢ )

(SV) pessimistic

51

絕望

 

( ㄐㄩㄝˊ ㄨㄤˋ )

(SV) to give up all hope; to despair

52

厭(厌) 世

e.g. 他因為久病 厭世 而自殺。

( ㄧㄢˋ ㄕˋ )

(VO) to be world-weary, to be pessimistic or misanthropic

(N) misanthropy

  • misanthropy = a dislike of humankind

53

狀況

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄓㄨㄤˋ ㄎㄨㄤˋ )

(N) condition, state, situation, status

54

孤 獨(独)

 

( ㄍㄨ ㄉㄨˊ )

(SV) lonely, solitary, lonesome, single, reclusive

55

遠(远) 離(离)

 

( ㄩㄢˇ ㄌㄧˊ )

(V) to distance oneself from, to be far away from

(動) 遠遠離開

56

人群

 

( ㄖㄣˊ ㄑㄩㄣˊ )

(N) crowd, throng, multitude

  • throng = a large, densely packed crowd of people or animals

57

階(阶) 段

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄐㄧㄝ ㄉㄨㄢˋ )

(N) stage, section, phase, period

58

徹(彻) 底

 

( ㄔㄜˋ ㄉㄧˇ )

(Adv) thoroughly, completely

(SV) to be able to see the bottom of, to get to the bottom of

59

以至 (於)

e.g. 由於對社會徹底絕望,以至於 產生反社會的行為。

( ㄧˇ ㄓˋ )

(Conj) so that, such that, with the result that

60

行動

( measure word: 個 )

e.g. 為了因應恐怖主義造成的危機,世界各國紛紛展開反恐 行動

( ㄒㄧㄥˊ ㄉㄨㄥˋ )

(N) action, operation, behaviour

(V) to move (or get) about, to act, to take action

61

癌細胞

 

( ㄞˊ ㄒㄧˋ ㄅㄠ )

(N) cancer cell

62

生長

 

( ㄕㄥ ㄓㄤˇ )

(V) to grow, to develop

(N) growth, development

63

抑制

e.g. 現在可以使用藥物來 抑制 癌細胞的生長。

( ㄧˋ ㄓˋ )

(V) to control, to restraint

64

缺乏

 

( ㄑㄩㄝ ㄈㄚˊ )

(V) to be short of, to lack, to be deficient in

(N) shortage, lack

65

食 慾(欲)

 

( ㄕˊ ㄩˋ )

(N) appetite

66

e.g. 這次參加遊行的人數 三千人左右。

( ㄩㄝ )

(Adv) about, around, approximately

67

耐性

 

( ㄋㄞˋ ㄒㄧㄥˋ )

(N) patience, endurance

68

交談

 

( ㄐㄧㄠ ㄊㄢˊ )

(V) to converse, to discuss, to chat

(N) conversation, discussion, chat

69

症狀

 

( ㄓㄥˋ ㄓㄨㄤˋ )

(N) symptom (of an illness)

70

不耐煩

e.g. 不是我沒有耐性,實在是這部電影太無聊,我才看得 不耐煩

( ㄅㄨˋ ㄋㄞˋ ㄈㄢˊ )

(SV) impatient

(N) impatience

71

抱怨

 

( ㄅㄠˋ ㄩㄢˋ )

(V) to complain, to grumble, to harbour a complaint, to feel dissatisfied

72

無助

 

( ㄨˊ ㄓㄨˋ )

(SV) helpless

(N) helplessness

73

折磨

e.g. 他這幾年來一直受到疾病的 折磨

( ㄓㄜˊ ㄇㄛˊ )

(N) torment, molestation;

(V) to persecute, to torment, to cause physical or mental suffering

74

現實

 

( ㄒㄧㄢˋ ㄕˊ )

(SV) practical, pragmatic, real, actual, opportunistic

(N) reality, actuality

75

求助於

 

( ㄑㄧㄡˊ ㄓㄨˋ ㄩˊ )

(V) to seek help from

76

除此之外

e.g. 患有憂鬱症的病人,最好求助於醫生,除此之外,就是依靠家人的幫助。

( ㄔㄨˊ ㄘˇ ㄓ ㄨㄞˋ )

(VP) in addition to this, moreover

77

團(团) 體(体)

( measure word: 個 )

( ㄊㄨㄢˊ ㄊㄧˇ )

(N) group, organisation, team

78

暴力

e.g. 暴力 革命。

( ㄅㄠˋ ㄌㄧˋ )

(V) violence, force

(SV) violent

79

尋(寻) 求

e.g. 受到家庭暴力的婦女,應該 尋求 社會團體的幫助。

( ㄒㄩㄣˊ ㄑㄧㄡˊ )

(V) to seek, to explore, to look for

80

夫 婦(妇)

( measure word: 對 )

( ㄈㄨ ㄈㄨˋ )

(N) a (married) couple, husband and wife

81

混 亂(乱)

 

( ㄏㄨㄣˋ ㄌㄨㄢˋ )

(SV) confused, chaotic

(N) chaos, confusion, disorder

82

打架

( measure word: 場 [ㄔㄤˊ ] )

( ㄉㄚˇ ㄐㄧㄚˋ )

(VO) to fight, to scuffle, to come to blows

83

路段

 

( ㄌㄨˋ ㄉㄨㄢˋ )

(N) a section of a highway/railway

(名) 道路的一段

84

車 禍(祸)

( measure word: 場 [ㄔㄤˊ ] )

( ㄔㄜ ㄏㄨㄛˋ )

(N) traffic accident, car crash

85

常見

 

( ㄔㄤˊ ㄐㄧㄢˋ )

(SV) commonly seen, common, to see something frequently

86

近來

 

( ㄐㄧㄣˋ ㄌㄞˊ )

(Adv) recently, lately

87

經常

 

( ㄐㄧㄥ ㄔㄤˊ )

(Adv) everyday, daily, frequently, constantly, regularly, often

88

建設

 

( ㄐㄧㄢˋ ㄕㄜˋ )

(V) to build, to construct, to develop

(N) construction, development

89

救命

 

( ㄐㄧㄡˋ ㄇㄧㄥˋ )

(VO) to save somebody's life

(Interjection) HELP! SAVE ME!!!!

90

患有

( ㄏㄨㄢˋ ㄧㄡˇ )

(V) to be afflicted with, to contract, to suffer from (an illness)

91

頭疼

 

( ㄊㄡˊ ㄊㄥˊ )

(SV) to have a headache

(N) a headache

92

侵略

 

( ㄑㄧㄣ ㄌㄩㄝˋ )

(V) to invade

(N) agression, encroachment

93

受害

 

( ㄕㄡˋ ㄏㄞˋ )

(VO) to suffer injury or loss, to be victimised

94

夫妻

 

( ㄈㄨ ㄑㄧ )

(N) husband and wife, a married couple

95

維 繫(系)

 

( ㄨㄟˊ ㄒㄧˋ )

(V) to maintain, to keep up, to hold together

96

遭受

 

( ㄗㄠ ㄕㄡˋ )

(V) to suffer or to sustain (loss, misfortune)

97

綁架

 

( ㄅㄤˇ ㄐㄧㄚˋ )

(V) to kidnap, to abduct, to hijack

(N) kidnapping, abduction

98

悲 劇(剧)

( measure word: 出 )

( ㄅㄟ ㄐㄩˋ )

(N) tragedy

99

忍讓

 

( ㄖㄣˇ ㄖㄤˋ )

(V) to exercise forbearance, to be patient and accommodating

  • forbearance = patient self-control; restraint and tolerance.

100

衝(冲) 突

 

( ㄔㄨㄥ ㄊㄨ )

(V) to conflict, to clash

(N) conflict, clash, contention, collision

101

考上

 

( ㄎㄠˇ ㄕㄤˋ )

(V) to pass a university entrance exam