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Flashcards in 💀🗣❤️ Deck (56)
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1

functions of skeletal system

-protection
-support
-movement
-blood cell production
-shape
-mineral cell storage

2

head/neck bones

cranium/ vertebrae

3

shoulder bones

scapula/ humerus

4

chest bones

ribs/ sternum

5

elbow bones

humerus/ radius/ ulna

6

hip bones

pelvis/ femur

7

knee bones

femur/ tibia/ patella

8

ankle bones

tibia/ fibula/ talus

9

ball & socket joints

- abduction/adduction/rotation/flextion/extension

10

hinge joint

flexion/extension

11

pivot joint

moving your head side to side

12

condyloid

wrists, move side to side

13

synovial fluid

lubricates the joint, reduces friction

14

synovial membrane

produces synovial fluid

15

bursae

sacs filled with liquid, reduces friction between bone & tendon

16

ligament

bone to bone

17

tendon

muscle to bone

18

cartilage

found at ends of bones, prevents from rubbing together

19

joint

two parts (or more) of the skeleton fitted together

20

joint capsule

2 layers of membrane that surround joint & keeps everything in place

21

synovial joint includes

bone
articular capsule
synovial membrane
synovial fluid
articular cartilage

22

long bones

large movement

23

short bones

fine movement

24

flat bones

protection

25

irregular bones

different jobs

26

anterior muscles (front)

deltoid
pectorals
biceps abdominals
hip flexor
quadriceps
tibialis anterior

27

posterior muscles (back)

lattissimus dorsi
rotator cuffs
triceps
gluteals
hamstring
gastrocnemius

28

shoulder muscles

trapezius, deltoid, triceps, latissiumus dorsi

29

elbow muscles

bicep, tricep

30

hip muscles

hip flexor, gluteals