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Flashcards in 01 Deck (24)
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1

maniacal/maniacally

A maniacal cry or laugh is loud and wild.
(哭或笑)狂野的,肆無忌憚的
>He suddenly exploded into maniacal laughter.
他突然發出一陣狂笑。

2

zeal (n.)

great enthusiasm or eagerness
熱忱,熱情;激情

>reforming/missionary/religious zeal
改革/傳教士般的/宗教熱情
>a zeal for money-making
賺錢的熱情

3

dub (v.)

1. to give something or someone a particular name, especially describing what you think of it, him, or her
稱…爲,將…冠以
>She was dubbed by the newspapers "the Angel of Death".
她被報紙稱為「死亡天使」。

2. to change the sounds and speech on a film or television programme, especially to a different language
(尤指用另一種語言)為(影視節目)配音

>I'd rather watch a movie with subtitles than one dubbed into English.
我寧願看帶字幕的原聲電影也不願意看譯成英語的配音電影。
>To conceal his identity, the man's voice has been dubbed over (= an actor speaks his words).
為了不暴露他的身分,這個人的聲音都經過了配音處理。

4

bulldozer n.

a heavy vehicle with a large blade in front, used for pushing earth and stones away and for making areas of ground flat at the same time
推土機

5

ventilator n.

1. an opening or a device that allows fresh air to come into a closed space
通風口;通風設備

2. a machine that helps people breathe correctly by allowing air to flow in and out of their lungs
人工呼吸器
>He was brought into intensive care shortly after the accident and immediately put on a ventilator.
車禍發生後不久,他就被送進了加護病房,並且馬上戴上了人工呼吸器。

6

rant (n.)

a long, angry, and confused speech
顛三倒四的氣話;憤怒的叫嚷;沒完沒了的怒罵
>The minister's speech descended into a rant against his political opponents.
部長的發言斯文掃地,變成了對政敵沒完沒了的怒罵。

7

rant (v.)

to speak or shout in a loud, uncontrolled, or angry way, often saying confused or silly things
怒吼;抱怨;叫嚷;大聲責罵

>He's always ranting (on) about the government.
他總是抱怨政府。
>I get fed up with my mother ranting and raving (about my clothes) all the time.
我母親老是(因為我的穿著)對我嘮叨抱怨,我真是受夠了。

8

yearning for (n.)

a strong feeling of wishing for something, especially something that you cannot have or get easily
渴望,期盼,渴求

>I suppose it's because I live in a city that I have this yearning for open spaces.
我想是因為我居住在城市裡,所以才會如此渴望開闊的空間。

9

chronicle (v.)

to make a record or give details of something
記述,紀錄(大事);把…載入編年史

>The book chronicles the writer's coming to terms with his illness.
這本書記述了作者慢慢學會忍受自己病痛的前後過程。

10

chronicle (n.) 2

1. a written record of historical events
編年史;年代記;大事記
>the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
《盎格魯-撒克遜人編年史》
>a chronicle of the French Revolution
法國大革命編年史

2. part of the name of a newspaper
(報紙名稱)…新聞,…記事報
>the Hampshire Chronicle
《漢普郡記事報》

11

briefing (n.)

information that is given to someone just before they do something, or a meeting where this happens
簡報,簡要介紹;簡明指示;簡報會

>They received thorough briefing before they left the country.
在離開該國之前,他們得到了詳細的指示。
>We had to attend a briefing once a month.
我們每月必須參加一次簡報會。

12

morph (v.)

to gradually change, or change someone or something, from one thing to another:

>When someone brings up politics at a party, a casual conversation can quickly morph into an ugly argument.

>He grew up watching his elder brother Joe morph from a difficult child to a drug addict.

>She claims the media and society make a person try to morph their body into an unnatural size or weight.

13

distaste (n.)

a dislike of something that you find unpleasant or unacceptable
厭惡,討厭,不喜歡

>His distaste for publicity of any sort is well known.
眾所周知,他不喜歡任何形式的宣傳。
>She looked at the advertisement with distaste before walking quickly on.
她厭惡地看了看那個廣告,然後快步走開了。

14

measured (adj.)

careful and controlled, or not fast
慎重的,經仔細考慮的,有分寸的

>Her response to their criticism was calm and measured.
對於他們的批評,她的反應平靜而審慎。

15

check in

to contact someone by making a phone call, short visit, etc., usually in order to make sure there are no problems or to tell them that there are no problems
(通過打電話、拜訪等確認或報告某人是否無恙)取得聯繫,查看;報平安

>My son checks in regularly with me when he's travelling.
我兒子在外旅遊的時候會經常打電話給我報平安。

16

shrink (n.)

a psychiatrist or psychoanalyst
精神病醫生
>I was so depressed that I ended up going to see a shrink.
我太鬱悶了,最後不得不去找心理醫生看看。

17

stir-crazy (adj.)
stir-craziness

【俚】(因長期禁閉而)精神失常的

>We got stir-crazy when we were cooped up preparing for our final exams. 我們關在家中準備期末考時都快瘋了。

>In jail, the prisoners get stir-crazy during the spring and summer. 在監獄中,犯人到了春夏就被關得快發瘋了。

18

canary in a coal mine

【Etymology】
An allusion to caged canaries (birds) that miners would carry down into the mine tunnels with them. If dangerous gases such as carbon monoxide collected in the mine, the gases would kill the canary before killing the miners, thus providing a warning to exit the tunnels immediately.

(idiomatic) Something whose sensitivity to adverse conditions makes it a useful early indicator of such conditions; something which warns of the coming of greater danger or trouble by a deterioration in its health or welfare.

>“New York is the canary in the coal mine,” he said during one of his passionate televised pleas for the president to provide more ventilators.

19

epidemic (n.) 2

1. the appearance of a particular disease in a large number of people at the same time
(疾病的)流行,傳染
>a flu epidemic
流感的傳播

2. a particular problem that seriously affects many people at the same time
泛濫;蔓延
a crime/unemployment epidemic
犯罪頻發/大範圍失業

20

insidious (adj.)

(of something unpleasant or dangerous) gradually and secretly causing harm
暗中為害的;潛伏的

>High blood pressure is an insidious condition which has few symptoms.
高血壓是一種鮮少症狀的潛伏性疾病。

21

epidemic (adj.)

happening a lot and affecting many people
流行的;盛行的;肆虐的

>Poverty in this country has reached epidemic proportions .
這個國家很多人處於貧困之中。
>Crime and poverty are epidemic in the city.
犯罪和貧窮如瘟疫一般在這個城市肆虐。

22

closure (n.) 2

1. [C] the fact of a business, organization, etc. stopping operating
停業,倒閉,關閉

>factory/branch closures
工廠/分店的關閉
>Many elderly people will be affected by the library closures.
許多老人將會受到圖書館關閉的影響。

2. [U] the feeling or act of bringing an unpleasant situation, time, or experience to an end, so that you are able to start new activities
解脫,寛慰

>a sense of closure
解脫感
>to achieve/reach closure
獲得/達到解脫

23

design (v.)

[ T usually passive ]
to intend
意圖,打算

>This dictionary is designed for advanced learners of English.
本詞典是為高級英語學習者編寫的。
>[ + to infinitive ] These measures are designed to reduce pollution.
採取這些措施旨在減低污染。

24

by design

intentionally
特意;故意,有意
>I'm sure he ignored you by accident and not by design.
我敢肯定他絕非有意冷落你。