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Flashcards in 02 Deck (15)
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1

prominent (adj.) 2

1. very well known and important
著名的;重要的

>a prominent Democrat
民主黨的重要人物
>a prominent member of the Saudi royal family
沙烏地阿拉伯王室的重要成員

2. Something that is in a prominent position can easily be seen.
突出的,顯眼的

>New books are displayed in a prominent position on tables at the front of the store.
新書陳列在商店前方桌上的一個顯眼位置。

2

scion (n.)

a young member of a rich and famous family
豪門望族的後裔,富家子弟

>He's the scion of a very wealthy newspaper-publishing family.
他出身於報業世家,家境富裕。

3

nepotism (n.)

the act of using your power or influence to get good jobs or unfair advantages for members of your own family
任人唯親;裙帶關係

>He was guilty of nepotism and corruption.
他任人唯親且貪汙腐化。

4

noblesse oblige (n.)

the idea that someone with power and influence should use their social position to help other people
位高應不負重望;顯貴者行為理應高尚

維基百科_貴族義務
貴族義務(法語:noblesse oblige)是歐洲一種起源於中世紀封建制度的傳統社會觀念,認為貴族階層有義務為社會承擔責任,大致即「地位越高,責任越大」的意思,引申義也可指一個人的舉止風範必須與其地位相符。在現代政治中,「貴族義務」的概念通常指社會上層階級有照料底層人民、增強社會凝聚力的義務。這種政治風氣在英國最為根深蒂固,其最直接的結果就是從第二次世界大戰時期開始英國政府在工黨和保守黨「共識政治」(英語:collectivist consensus)下所推行的諸如《貝弗里奇報告》和國家醫療服務等等大量社會福利政策,將英國變為福利國家。然而,柴契爾政府在1970年代開始進行的新自由主義改革最終將英國政治中的「貴族義務」風氣逐漸瓦解。

5

reverse
/in reverse

[C] 1. a defeat or failure
失敗;挫折
>They suffered a serious military/political reverse.
他們遭受了一次重大的軍事/政治失敗。

2. in the opposite order or way
向相反方向;倒;逆
>To stop the engine, you repeat the same procedures, but in reverse (order).
要想關掉引擎,你得按相反順序重複同樣的步驟。

6

scammer (n.)

someone who makes money using illegal methods, especially by tricking people
欺詐者,詐財者

7

congressional (adj.)

belonging or related to the US Congress
(美國)國會的

>a congressional committee
國會委員會
>congressional elections
國會選舉

8

provision (n.) 2

1. a statement within an agreement or a law that a particular thing must happen or be done, especially before another can happen or be done
規定,條款

>We have inserted certain provisions into the treaty to safeguard foreign workers.
我們在條約中增添了一些條款以保護外籍勞工。

>[ + that ] She accepted the job with the provision that she would be paid expenses for relocating.
她接受了這份工作,條件是要給安家費。

2. the act of providing something
提供;供給;準備

>The provision of good public transport will be essential for developing the area.
提供良好的大眾運輸對該地區的發展極為重要。

>Of course there's provision in the plan for population increase.
當然這項計劃裡有應對人口增長的措施。

9

provisions (n.) (pl.)

supplies of food and other necessary things
糧食;食物供給,物資

>provisions for the journey
旅糧

10

make provision for sth

to make arrangements to deal with something, often financial arrangements
為…做好準備(尤指經濟上的保障)
>He hasn't made any provision for his retirement yet.
他在經濟上還沒做好退休的準備。

11

carve out sth

to create or obtain something that helps you by skillful activities:

>She carved out a reputation for herself as a high-powered lawyer.

12

carve sth out (for yourself)

to successfully create or get something, especially a work position, by working for it
靠努力開創出;努力贏得,謀得(尤指職位)

>He hopes to carve out a niche for himself as a leading researcher in his field of study.
他希望在自己的研究領域裡闖出一個學術帶頭人的地位。
>She carved out a reputation for herself as an aggressive manager.
她作為一個咄咄逼人的經理人名聲在外。

13

tenant (n.)

a person who pays rent for the use of land or a building
租戶;佃戶;房客

14

forsake (v.)

1. to leave someone for ever, especially when they need you
(尤指在他人需要時)離開,拋棄,遺棄
>Do not forsake me!
不要拋棄我!

2. to stop doing or having something
放棄,摒棄
>He decided to forsake politics for journalism.
他決定離開政界,轉向新聞界。

15

in absentia (adv.)

while the person involved is not present
(當事人)缺席
>An Italian court convicted him in absentia for his terrorist activities.
一個義大利法庭因他參與恐怖活動對他進行了缺席宣判。