1/18/2013 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1/18/2013 Deck (17):
1

An alliance of factions

Coalition

2

number of articles written in a New York newspaper defending and explaining the new Constitution. Articles were written by Alexander Hamilton(51), James Madison(26), john Jay(5), Hamilton and Madison jointly(3). Total of 85 articles

Federalist Papers

3

pen name used by Hamilton, Madison & Jay to keep their identities from being discovered.

Publius

4

First 10 amendments to the Constitution. Ratified and went into effect in 1791.

Bill of Rights

5

An order to produce an arrested person before a judge

Habeas corpus

6

A law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime

Bill of attainder

7

A law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed

Ex post facto law

8

A new provision in the Constitution that has been ratified by the states

Amendment

9

An executive’s ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature

Line-item veto

10

rule by the people

Democracy

11

letting every important issue be decided by popular vote.

Direct democracy

12

government in which authority has been given to elected officials

Republic

13

republic in which members of House of Representatives are elected in democratic elections, members of Senate(initially)were selected by state legislature, and courts are staffed by appointed judges.

U.S.-

14

ratified in 1920 prohibited states from denying the vote to women.

Nineteenth Amendment

15

Presidential authority to selectively eliminate individual items in large appropriation bills, expansions in certain income-transfer programs, and tax breaks. Also, left Congress free to craft bills in ways that would give president few opportunities to veto favored items.

Enhanced revision authority

16

veto

Rescind

17

-in determining representation in states 3/5 of all other persons (slaves) are to be added to the number of free persons

3/5 compromise