Reading notes 1-2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Reading notes 1-2 Deck (13):
1

Aristotle defined democracy as

the rule of the many, that is, rule by ordinary people, most of whom would be poor

2

the rule of the rich

Oligarchy

3

the rule of a despot

Tyranny

4

any system of government in which leaders are authorized to make decisions-and thereby to wield political power-by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote

Representative democracy

5

Majoritarian politics

elected officials are the delegates of the people, acting as the people (or a majority of them) would act were the matter put to a popular vote

6

Elite

persons who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resource, like money or power

7

Four ways of describing a political elite:

1. Reflect a dominant social class
2. A group of business, military, labor union and elected officals control all decisions
3. Appointed bureaucrats run everything
4. Representatives of a large number of interest groups are in charge

8

Class view

view that the government is dominate by capitalists

9

Power elite view

view that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of government

10

Bureaucratic view

view that the government is dominated by appointed officials

11

Pluralist view

the belief that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy

12

The class

those who control the economic system will control the political one

13

The elitist

a few top leaders, not all of them drawn from business, make the key decisions without reference to popular desires