pages 18-32 Flashcards Preview

American Government > pages 18-32 > Flashcards

Flashcards in pages 18-32 Deck (19):
1

a human right based on nature or God

Unalienable

2

- a weak constitution that governed America during the revolutionary war

Articles of confederation

3

a meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution

Constitutional convention

4

a 1787 rebellion in which ex-revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes

Shay’s Rebellion

5

all power given to one house

Unicameral

6

proposal to create a strong national government

Virginia Plan

7

proposal to create a weak national government

New Jersey Plan

8

plan to have a popularly elected House based on the state population and a state selected Senate, with 2 members for each state

Great Compromise

9

government in which elected representatives make the decisions

Republic

10

the power of the court to declare laws unconstitutional

Judicial review

11

government authority shared by national and local governments

Federalism

12

powers given to the national government alone

Enumerated powers

13

powers given to the state government alone

Reserved powers

14

powers shared by the national and state governments

Concurrent powers

15

authority shared by 3 branches of government

Checks and balances

16

constitutional authority is shared by 3 different branches of government

Separation of powers

17

a group with a distinct political interest

Faction

18

those who favor a stronger national government

Federalists

19

those who favor a weaker national government

Antifederalist