[1] Adult Immunization Flashcards Preview

[OS 217] Infectious Diseases > [1] Adult Immunization > Flashcards

Flashcards in [1] Adult Immunization Deck (23):
1

[Influenza Type A]
Describe:

1. Severity
2. Age Group Infected

1. Moderate to Severe
2. All age groups

2

[Influenza Type B]
Describe:

1. Severity
2. Age Group Infected

1. Mild
2. Primarily children

3

Are influenza vaccinations recommended for pregnant patients?

Yes

4

Which trimester should the influenza vaccine be given to pregnant patients?

Any Trimester

5

Are influenza vaccinations recommended for immunocompromised patients?

Yes, but make sure you do not give live attenuated vaccines

6

[Fact or Fallacy]

"I am healthy. I do not need infleunza vaccine."

Fallacy

ACIP recommends that all persons 6 months of age or older without a contraindication be vaccinated annually against influenza.

7

[Fact or Fallacy]

"The last time I got a flu vaccine, I got the flu."

Fallacy

Neither forms of the vaccine can cause influenza, following vaccination some people will experience mild fever and muscle ache. This is not an influenza infection.

8

Major cause of pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis

Streptococcus pneumoniae

9

How many types of pneumococcus are in the Pneumococcal Conjuagate Vaccine? (PCV)

13 Types

10

How many types of pneumococcus are in the Pneumococcal Vaccine, Polyvalent? (PPV)

23 Types

11

US ACIP Recommendation for Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccination with Influenza Vaccination

PV may be administered at the same time as Influenza Vaccine (separate injection in the other arm)

12

Time Interval between PCV13 followed by PPSV23

6-12 Months

13

Time Interval between PPSV23 followed by PCV13

1 year

14

Is the Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine more effective than the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine?

No, not at all.

PCV is more effective in infants, immune memory, prolongs duration of protection, has a booster effect, and contributes to herd effect with no hyporesponsiveness

15

What is the recommended varicella vaccination protocol for adults who do not have evidence of immunity?

2 doses

16

What is the recommended varicella vaccination protocol for adults who have received one dose?

Second dose

17

Minimum Interval Between Varicella Vaccine Doses

4 weeks

18

Is Varicella vaccine effective as a post-exposure prophylaxis?

Yes, 70-100% effective if given within 72 horus of exposure

19

Are Varicella vaccinations recommended for immunocompromised patients?

MMRV not approved for use in patients with HIV Infection

20

Are Varicella vaccinations recommended for pregnant patients?

No, give first dose upon completion of pregnancy and before discharge

21

Herpes Zoster Vaccine is a preparation of what strain of varicella-zoster virus

Oka/Merck Strain (Live, attenuated)

22

Indication of Herpes Zoster Vaccine

Prevention of Herpes Zoster in adults >= 60 y/o

23

US ACIP Recommendation for Herpes Zoster Vaccine

Single dose among persons >= 60 years old