[14] Healthcare-Associated Infections Flashcards Preview

[OS 217] Infectious Diseases > [14] Healthcare-Associated Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in [14] Healthcare-Associated Infections Deck (18):
1

When can you say an infection is a HAI?

48 hours or more after hospitalization

2

HAIs can occur when patients received hospital care for at least 2 days in the past how many days?

90 days

3

HAIs are most common in which department of the hospital?

Burn/Trauma

4

HAIs are least common in which department of the hospital?

Well baby nursery

5

Most common type of nosocomial infection

UTI

6

How far apart should beds be so they do not infect each other?

At least 1 meter

7

Define: Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Pneumonia occurring 48 hours after admission

8

Define: Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Pneumonia which occurs 48-72 hours after endotracheal intubation

9

Define: Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia

Pneumonia in patients in acute care setting within 90 days

Recent antibiotic use 30 days

10

To prevent VAP head elevation should be?

30-45 degrees

11

Most common etiologic agent causing Nosocomial UTI

E. coli

12

Greatest risk factor in development of catheter-related UTI

Prolonged duration

13

Most common etiologic agent of nosocomial bacteremia

Coagulase negative Staph

14

Is infection more common in a subclavian or femoral vein?

Femoral

15

1. How many people die of hospital infections? a. None; that is unheard of
b. Rarely maybe less than 10 per year
c. Lots maybe 100 per year
d. Too many – we should act on it

D

16

2. What is the contribution of patient and hospital workers to the development of Healthcare associated infections?
a. 100% patient – 0% hospital workers
b. 75% patient – 25% hospital workers
. 50% patient – 50% hospital workers
d. 25% patient – 75% hospital workers
e. 0% patient – 100% hospital workers

C

17

Grandfather of Handwashing

Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis

18

What are the Five Moments of Hand Hygiene

1. Before Patient Contact
2. Before Aseptic Procedure
3. After Patient Contact
4. After Contact with Patient Surroundings
5. After Contact with Patient Body Fluid