Flashcards in 1. Equine Nutrition 1-3 Deck (67):
If you are feeding your horse for efficiency you should feed _____, like ____ and _____
High quality feeds, like grains and seed meals
If you are feeding your horse for effectivity you should feed ____, like ____ and _____.
High fiber feeds like grasses and hays
What is wave mouth? cna it be fixed?
When the teeth are diseased and worn improperly causing difficulty eating. Cannot be fixed. must catch earlier
Where does protein digestion occur?
Protein is absorbed as __
T/F. The more feed in the stomach the faster the transit time in the SI
Site of absorption of vitamins and minerals
What are the 4 fat soluble vitamins absorbed in the SI
A, D, E, K
Problems and segments of the SI usually removed are the ____
What segment of the sI does the most work?
What part of the GIT absorbs carotene?
You can remove up to __% of the SI w/o problems
Site of absorption of carbohydrates
Fat is absorbed in the SI as ____ and ___.
Triglycerides and glycerol
Which 3 minerals are absorbed in the SI?
Ca, Mg, Phos
Feed from a single meal can appear in the LI within ___ hrs
___ is the primary site of water absorption
Digestion in the LI is primarily due to ___
Microbes in the LI utilize what 3 things?
fiber, starch, protein
Microbes in the LI breakdown ____
structural carbohydrates of plants
Microbes in the LI produce ___
What are the 3 VFAs produced by microbes in the LI
Acetate, Butyrate, Propionate
If a horse is on rich, lush, green pastures there is a possibility they can develop over condition leading to ___ and ____.
laminitis and colic
What are the 4 structural carbohydrates?
What are the 5 categories of carbohydrates?
4. Rapidly fermentable
5. Slowly fermentable
What are the 2 non structural carbohydrates
T/F. Lignin is easily metabolized by the horse?
Where are Hydrolyzable CHOs digested
What are the 2 examples of Hydrolyzable CHO
1. Simple sugars
2. Non resistant starches
Where are rapidly fermentable CHOs digested
What are two ex. of rapidly fermentable CHOs
1. resistant starches
Where are slowly fermentable CHOs digested
Average horses, doing general work need nothing more than ____, _____, and ____.
good quality pasture
How do you assess long term nutrition and feeding?
Body condition Not wt.
Which feedstuff has the greatest variability in nutrient composition
Legumes have _high/low_ crude protein and calcium
Why is processing sometimes a problem in equine feeds?
could inc. rate of passage through GIT, decreasing digestibility
P is 30% available due to interactions with ___
Ca availablity is affected by ____ and ____
phyates and oxylates
T/F. Cellulose is not digested in the SI
what is proprionate, from cellulose breakdown, used for?
What are the 4 criteria of good quality hay
1. harvested early
2. free of mold
3. not undergone excessive weathering
4. leafy and not stemmy
what is the main type of legume in horses
T/F. Alfalfa tends to have 2-3x more protein and Ca than other hays
T/F. Alfalfa tends to have more carotene and vit. E than other hays
Where is Beet pulp absorbed
Beet pulp can make up what percentage of a horses diet?
T/F Beet pulp has a high glycemic index
Advantages of feeding corn to horse:
1. Double the energy of oats
3. High vit. A
Disadvantages of feeding corn:
1. Lower protein
2. mold toxicity
Advantages to feeding oats?
1. High fiber
2. Better protein than corn
Disadvantages to oats?
1. inconsistent quality
What is the most common protein supplement in horses
Why is molasses added to horse feed?
2. dec. dust
3. High Ca content
In a high fat diet the fat component is added by adding _____.
What are the two types of commercially prepared feeds?
1. Complete feeds
2. Grain mixes
T/F. Nutrient Requirements represent. a minimum requirement for most nutrients
Most vitamins and minerals use _____ times NRC
Nutrient requirements are based on what 4 factors?
1. Type of horse
3. Current BCS
4. Physiologic state (repro, excessive fitness)
First Limiting AA
What is the ideal Ca/P ratio in the growing horse?
What is the ideal Ca/P ratio in the adult horse?
1:1 - 6:1
The liver stores 3-6 month supply of Vit. __
Where is Vit. E found?
Green growing pastures
What are two equine grain-associated disorders?
1. gastrointestinal disorders
2. Metabolic disorders