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Flashcards in Clinical Eq. Nutrition Deck (45):
1

Which hay causes wt. gain?

Alfalfa

2

Why should you avoid feeding alfalfa to foals?

High Ca may interfere with electrolyte absorption and inc. P may lead to osteochondrosis

3

Which spp. of hay contains toxic blister beetles?

Alfalfa

4

What is the problem with feeding horses fescue?

contaminated with endophyte causing ergot alkaloids (fungi)

5

C/S of Fescue Toxicosis

1. prolonged gestation
2. Premature separation of placenta
3. Dystocia
4. Retained placenta
5. Agalactia

6

how do you prevent Fescue toxicosis?

move late gestation mares off pasture

7

What is the problem with feeding red clover

Infected with mold (Rhizoctonia leguminicola)

8

What is the toxin that causes horses who eat red clover to drool

Slaframine

9

What are 3 concentrate issues?

1 .Graiin overload
2. Ionophore Toxicity
3. Moldy corn dz

10

What are 4 side effects of grain overload!

1. Colic
2. Colitis
3. Gastric rupture
4. Laminitis

11

C/S of Ionophore toxicity

Trembling, sweating, death, GI signs

12

What is leukoencephalomalacia?

moldy corn poisoning

13

C/S of Moldy corn poisoning

white matter liquefaction

14

C/S of Esophageal obstruction

1. Dysphagia
2. Nasal discharge
3. Gagging
4. Trouble swallowing
5. stretching of neck

15

Three feeds associated with esophageal obstruction

1. Pelleted feeds
2. Hay cubes
3. Beet pulp

16

Tx of esophagal obstruction

1. Sedation
2. Naso-gastric tube

17

Abnormal oral behaviors associated with feed management?

1. Cribbing
2. Wind-sucking
3. Wood chewing

18

Locomotor stereotypes not associated with feed management

1. Weaving
2. Stall walking
3. Head shaking

19

C/S of dental issues in horses

1. wt. loss
2. Dropping feed
3. Difficulty eating
4. Quidding

20

What do blister beetles cause in horses

Canthardian toxicosis

21

C/S of Blister beetle toxicosis in horses

1. colic
2. depression
3. anorexia
4. GIT erosions
5. Freq. urination

22

Tx. of Canthardian toxicosis

no tx supportive care:
NSAIDS
Fluids

23

Tx of colic

1. NSAIDs (Flunixin)
2. Rectal exam
3. NG intubation

24

Tx of laminitis

1. NSAIDS
2. DMSO
3. Vasodilators
4. Shoeing
5. Tenotomy
6. No carb diet

25

Performance horses will consume ___ % of BW in dry feeds

2-2.5

26

T/F performance horses may be put on a low grain high roughage diet to inc. performance

F. high grain, low roughage

27

3 common health concerns for aged horses

1. Dental issues
2. Parasitism
3. Arthritis

28

What is the concern with feeding starved horses?

avoid high quality diet, will get refeeding syndrome, avoid deworming too

29

Tx of Equine metabolic syndrome

1. low glycemic index diet
2. exercise
3. levothyroxine sodium

30

Life threatening condition of ponies, donkeys, and mini horses characterized by sudden breakdown of body fat stores

Hyperlipemia

31

Predisposing factors of hyperlipemia

1. obesity
2. prego/lactating female
3. insulin insensitive breeds

32

Precipitating factors of hyperlipemia

1. inadequate feed intake
2. stress
3. pain
4. dz

33

C/S of hyperlipemia

1. anorexia
2. Dysphagia
3. colic
4. pyrexia
5. encephalopathy
6. rapid wt. loss

34

What will you find in inc. amts. in hyperlipemic ponies?

1. FFAs
2. Glycerol
3. LDLs

35

how do you tx hyperlipemia?

1. Tx identifiable precipitating factors
2. Tx Secondary problems
3. Reduce LDLs

36

What are 5 developmental orthopedic diseases discussed in class?

1. physitis
2. angular limb deformities
3. Flexural deformities
4. Osteochondrosis and OCD
5. Cervical vertebral malformation

37

Key factors thought to be involved in Developmental orthopedic disease:

1. rapid growth
2. Diet imbalance
3. Biomechanical stress/trauma
4. Hormones
5. Genetic presisposition

38

Etiological factors related to DOD?

1. high energy intake
2. Failure of vascularization

39

Most common DOD in thurobreds

physitis/epiphysitis

40

What is Physitis

inflam of the physis

41

Tx of Physitis

1. dec. nutritional plane (roughage only)
2. rest
3. NSAIDs

42

Disturbances in endochondrial differentiation, proliferation, maturation and ossification of fast growing animals

Osteochondrosis

43

C/S of Osteochondrosis and OCD in horses

1. joint effusion
2. lameness

44

how do you tx osteochondrosis and OCD

arthroscopy

45

What is a bagby basket used to treat?

spinal fusion used to tx cervical vertebral malformation