1. Intro to Phlebotomy Flashcards Preview

Specimen Collection and Handling MEDL 330 > 1. Intro to Phlebotomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. Intro to Phlebotomy Deck (12)
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What is a phlebotomist?

An individual with special training in the collection of blood samples

Specimen collection
Public relations


Name and explain the two main circulatory pathways of the body.

Systematic circulation - oxygenated to tissues via arteries, deoxygenated back to heart via veins

Pulmonary circulation - deoxygenated blood to the lung via pulmonary artery, oxygenated blood to the heart via pulmonary veins


What does it mean when blood is bright red instead of dark red?

Dark - vein
Bright red - artery


What is the pathway of blood?

Deoxy - right atrium, right ventricles, pulmonary arteries, lung for oxygenation

Oxygen - to heart via pulmonary veins, left atrium, left ventricle, aortic artery


What do arteries, veins, and capillaries do?

Arteries - away from heart
Veins - to the heart
Capillaries - exchange of substances between blood and tissue


What is the antecubital fossa?

Inside the elbow

Best place to draw blood from veins


What are the main veins of the antecubital fossa and in which order should they be selected?

1. Median cubital (medial)
2. Cephalic
3. Basilic

Never enter a vein at greater than a 30 degree angle


What are the needle repositioning rules?

If it's too far, pull back a bit
If not far enough, advance it farther
Rotate needle half a turn

Anything other than this is considered probing (bad)


What is serum?

Plasma without the clotting factor.

Fluid portion


What do we use EDTA and a lavender top tube for?

Lavender top tube for whole blood samples, contains EDTA which is an anticoagulant


What is plasma?

The fluid portion of blood that contain coagulation factors.


What is phlebotomy?

The incision of a vein for the letting of blood

The collection of any type of blood specimen