2. Phlebotomy Equipment Flashcards Preview

Specimen Collection and Handling MEDL 330 > 2. Phlebotomy Equipment > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2. Phlebotomy Equipment Deck (20)
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1

What are the types of gloves that can be worn?

Latex
Vinyl
Nitrile

2

Should we wear gloves while collection blood?

No excuse for not wearing gloves
Must be discarded after single patient use
Gloves will protect from blood spills
Will reduce the volume of blood from a needle stick injury by 50%

3

What are the types of tourniquets?

Latex
Non latex
Velcro
Buckle-cloth elastics

4

Where do you place a tourniquet ?

3-4 inches above the elbow

Must not be left on for more than 1 minute

5

What alcohol is commonly used?

70% isopropyl alcohol
Applied with a gauze square
Start at centre and make circles away from site, let air dry
Re-cleanse if site is touched again before puncture

DO NOT use on samples testing for blood alcohol content

6

What is a collection tray?

Carry all equipment that is required for a number of collections

Blood specimens only in a tray

7

What are the three parts of a basic needle?

Bevel, shaft, hub

8

What determines the gauge of the needle?

The diameter of the hollow shaft

The larger the Gauge number, the smaller the needle

20 (yellow),21 (green),22 (black) commonly used

9

What are evacuated tubes?

Receptacles for the blood specimens
Contain a vacuum and suck the blood from the vein

Glass or plastic

Hemogard rubber stopper

10

What is the difference between additive tubes and non-additive tubes?

Non-additive - coated on the inside with silicon to keep blood cells from sticking to the sides of tube, preventing ruptures
Yield serum samples (no clumping factors)

Additive - any substance placed in a tube other than the silicon. May act as anticoagulants, cell preservatives, clot activators, separation devices

11

What are the tube colours? What is each one for?

Lavender - EDTA tubes, test whole blood
Blue - sodium citrate, test plasma
SST gold - serum separator tubes, speed clotting and separate clot from serum
PST - plasma separator tubes, mint green, heparin anticoagulant
Grey - oxalate/fluoride, test plasma
Red - serum chemistry, immunology or toxicology, coated
Green/Light Green - STAT test, electrolytes, plasma, has heparin

12

What is the order of draw?

Stop Buying Roses, Girls Love Gold

Sterile, blue, red/SST, green/PST, lavender, grey

13

What are the three parts of a basic needle?

Bevel, shaft, hub

14

What determines the gauge of the needle?

The diameter of the hollow shaft

The larger the Gauge number, the smaller the needle

20 (yellow),21 (green),22 (black) commonly used

15

What are evacuated tubes?

Receptacles for the blood specimens
Contain a vacuum and suck the blood from the vein

Glass or plastic

Hemogard rubber stopper

16

What is the difference between additive tubes and non-additive tubes?

Non-additive - coated on the inside with silicon to keep blood cells from sticking to the sides of tube, preventing ruptures
Yield serum samples (no clumping factors)

Additive - any substance placed in a tube other than the silicon. May act as anticoagulants, cell preservatives, clot activators, separation devices

17

What are the tube colours? What is each one for?

Lavender - EDTA tubes, test whole blood
Blue - sodium citrate, test plasma
SST gold - serum separator tubes, speed clotting and separate clot from serum
PST - plasma separator tubes, mint green, heparin anticoagulant
Grey - oxalate/fluoride, test plasma
Red - serum chemistry, immunology or toxicology, coated
Green/Light Green - STAT test, electrolytes, plasma, has heparin

18

What is the order of draw?

(Picture)

19

What are the common sizes of syringes used in phlebotomy? What are they used for?

2mL, 3mL, 5mL, 10mL, 20mL

Patients with delicate or damaged veins, children or adults with difficult veins

20

What is the order of draw for capillary collections?

Lavender (EDTA)
Other tubes with additives
Tubes without additives