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Music History I - The Ancient and Medieval Worlds > 1 - Music in Antiquity > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1 - Music in Antiquity Deck (65)
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1

What is this instrument called?

bull lyre

2

What are four types of historical traces of music?

1) musical instruments
2) visual images or instruments and musicians
3) writings about music and musicians
4) music itself, preserved in notation or oral tradition

3

In the Stone Age, people bored finger holes in ______ ______ to make whistles and flutes.

animal bones

4

Metal bells, jingles, cymbals, rattles and horns appeared in the ______ Age.

Bronze

5

Plucked string instruments appeared in the ______ Age.

Bronze

6

What is the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers called?

Mesopotamia

7

Who developed the first true cities and civilizations?

the Sumerians

8

What system of writing was developed by the Sumerians?

cuneiform

9

Who is the earliest composer known to us by name?

Enheduanna

(2250 BC)

10

What civilization created the earliest known musical notation?

Babylonians

11

What were the three most important Greek musical instruments?

aulos, lyre, and kithara

12

What instrument is this woman playing?

aulos

13

What instrument is this?

aulos

14

The aulos was used in the worship of _________, god of fertility and wine.

Dinoysus

15

How many strings did the Greek lyre typically have?

seven

16

Greek lyres were strummed with a _________, or pick.

plectrum

17

What instrument is this?

Greek lyre

18

What was the Greek lyre's soundbox typically made from?

a tortise shell over which oxhide was stretched

19

What was the larger Greek lyre called?

kithara

20

What Greek lyre was played while standing?

kithara

21

What instrument is this?

kithara

22

What is ethos?

one's ethical character

23

What genera of tetrachord included two whole tones and a semitone?

(1, 1, .5)

diatonic

24

What intervals does an enharmonic tetrachord include?

one as large as two tones and two quarter tones

(2, .25, .25)

25

What were the two principle kinds of Greek writings on music?

  1. philosophical doctrines 
  2. systematic descriptions of music (i.e. music theory)

26

Who was the founder of Greek music theory?

Pythagoras (d. ca. 500 B.C.)

27

Where does the word "music" come from?

From the Greek "mousike," or "art of the Muses"

28

Greeks considered music an art, but also a science closely related to _____ and _____ .

arithmetic, astronomy

29

What was the texture of Greek music?

monophonic

30

What musical texture is characterized by the simultaneous variation of a single melodic line?

heterophony