3 - Roman Liturgy and Chant Flashcards Preview

Music History I - The Ancient and Medieval Worlds > 3 - Roman Liturgy and Chant > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3 - Roman Liturgy and Chant Deck (17)
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1

What was the purpose of a liturgy?

to reinforce members' knowledge of church teachings

2

What was a church calendar?

a yearly cycle of celebrating different events with a feast day

3

What were the two most important feasts in the medieval church?

Christmas and Easter

4

What does the Mass commemorate?

the Last Supper of Jesus

5

What is the Proper of the Mass?

the texts for certain parts of the Mass that vary from day to day

6

What is the Ordinary of the Mass?

the texts of the Mass that do not change from service to service

7

What were the main musical items of the Ordinary of the Mass?

  1. Kyrie
  2. Gloria
  3. Credo
  4. Sanctus
  5. Agnus Dei

8

What is the Office?

a series of eight services celebrated daily at specific times

9

What is an antiphon?

a chant sung before and after a psalm

10

What is a responsory?

a method of chant where a soloist alternates with a group

11

What is a canticle?

psalm-like passage from a part of the Bible other than the Book of Psalms

12

Where are the scores of most modern recordings of Gregorian chant located?

the Liber Ususalis (Book of Common Use), compiled by Benedictine monks in the late 19th and early 20th centuries

13

What are the three manners of performance of chants?

  • responsorial (where a soloist alternates with a group)
  • antiphonal (where two groups alternate)
  • direct (without alteration)

14

What is syllabic chant?

chants in which almost every syllable has a single note

15

What is neumatic chant?

chants in which syllables carry one to six notes

16

What is melismatic chant?

chants with long melodic passages on a single syllable

17

What is a recitation formula?

a single melodic outline that can be used with many different texts