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Flashcards in 1: Personality Disorders Deck (19)
1

what are the three type of personality disorders?

Cluster A, Cluster B, Cluster C = weird, wild, worried

2

cluster A personality disorders

A = accusatory, aloof, awkward (weird)
-paranoid
-schizoid
-schizotypal

3

cluster B personality disorders

B = bad to the bone (wild)
-antisocial
-borderline
-histrionic
-narcissistic

4

cluster C personality disorders

C = cowardly, compulsive, clingy (worried)
-avoidant
-dependent
-obsessive-compulsive

5

definition of personality

an enduring pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving that is uniquely recognizable in each individual

6

definition of a personality disorder

fixed use of a limited set of coping styles in all areas of living regardless of adaptability, the end result of which is impaired functioning

7

etiology of personality disorders

nature vs. nurture (character, temperament)
flexibility and pathways

8

normal course of a personality disorder

-diagnosed after age 18
-lifelong
-damage may diminish after 35 y/o

9

symptoms and defense mechanisms: paranoid

-scan environment for signs of slight
-see hidden meanings in communication
-bear grudges

-use projection

10

symptoms and defense mechanisms: schizoid

"schizoiD = Distant"
-loner
-indifferent to responses from others
-emotionally cool

-use non-goal-directed fantasy

11

symptoms and defense mechanisms: schizotypal

"schizoTypal = magical Thinking'
-unusual and loner
-odd beliefs, speech, perceptions
-emotionally cool
-ideas of reference (but not delusions of reference)

-use magical thinking

12

symptoms and defense mechanisms: antisocial

"antiSOCial = SOCiopath"
-deficits in conscience
-defies social norms
-irresponsible
-heedless of harm to self or others
-without remorse

-use acting out, rationalization

13

symptoms and defense mechanisms: borderline

-fractured identity
-anger
-intense interpersonal relationships
-mood swings
-self-injurious acts (often cutting)

-use splitting (black vs. white), projective identification

14

symptoms and defense mechanisms: histrionic

-lives to convince
-dramatic
-seductive
-center of attention
-preoccupied with appearance
-emotionally changeable and "shallow"

-uses repression
-often accompanied by conversion

15

symptoms and defense mechanisms: narcissistic

-self-absorbed
-entitled
-grandiose
-exploitative
-lacks empathy for others

-use denial, projection

16

symptoms and defense mechanisms: avoidant

-sensitive to rejection but interested in interaction
-sees self as socially inept
-needs high degrees of reassurance to attempt close relationships, new activities, etc.

17

symptoms and defense mechanisms: dependent

-needs someone else to nurture or care for them
-fearful of independent actions
-stays in relationship
-quickly finds others
-absence of anger

-use denial, repression, identification

18

symptoms and defense mechanisms: obsessive-compulsive

-lives for structure and control
-perfectionist
-emotionally constricted
-needs organization, lists, details

-use isolation, reaction formation, undoing

19

treatment of personality disorders

most use CBT

exception: dialectical behavior therapy for borderline
-emotional regulation skills
-distress tolerance skills