1. Role of Pathology in Medicine Flashcards Preview

EMS - Mechanisms of Disease > 1. Role of Pathology in Medicine > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1. Role of Pathology in Medicine Deck (29):
1

what is pathology?

the scientific study of medicine

2

what is a disease?

an abnormality of the body that causes loss of normal health

3

what allows diseases to be better understood and diagnosed?

the fact that they have a set of characteristic features

4

what is histology?

the study of tissues

5

what is cytology?

the study of individual cells, but not in the context of the entire tissue, eg. PAP smears

6

what aspects are investigated in the scientific study of a disease?

1. epidemiology
2. aetiology
3. anatomical changes
4. biochemical changes
5. functional changes
6. natural history
7. prognosis

7

what does the prefix ana- mean?

the absence of something

8

what does the prefix dys- mean?

disordered

9

what does the prefix hyper- mean?

excess or over normal

10

what does the prefix hypo- mean?

deficiency below normal

11

what does the prefix meta- mean?

change from one state to another

12

what does the suffix -itis mean?

inflammatory process

13

what does the suffix -oma mean?

tumour

14

what does the suffix -osis mean?

state or condition

15

what does the suffix -oid mean?

bearing a resemblance to

16

what does the suffix -penia mean?

reduction in number

17

what does the suffix -cytosis mean?

increase in number

18

what does the suffix -ectasis mean?

dilation

19

what does the suffix -plasia mean?

disorder of growth

20

what does the suffix -opathy mean?

abnormal state lacking specific characteristics

21

what is hypertrophy?

non-tumorous enlargement of an organ or tissue as a result of an increase in the size rather than the number of cells

22

what is hyperplasia?

the enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the development of cancer.

23

what is a fistula?

an abnormal connection between an organ, vessel or intestine and another structure. usually results from injury or surgery, but can also be due to infection or inflammation

24

what is a thrombus?

a blood clot that stays at the site of clotting

25

what is an embolus

a piece of clotted blood that breaks away from the main thrombus

26

what is metastasis?

the process by which a cancer spreads from the place that it first arose as a primary tumour to distant locations in the body

27

what is differentiation (in cancer)

refers to how mature cancer cells are. differentiated tumour cells resemble normal cells and tend to grow and spread at a slower rate than undifferentiated cells

28

on what basis are tumours classified?

based on whether they are benign or malignant and their structure of origin

29

what id digital pathology?

a fusion of computing and histopathology, provides image recognition and processing