10.1: Facts About China (1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10.1: Facts About China (1) Deck (68):
1

地理

dìlǐ: (n.) geography

2

wèi: (v.) to be located; to be situated; to lie

3

bù: (n.) part

4

陆地

lùdì: (n.) land

5

公里

gōnglǐ: (n.) kilometer

6

miàn: (n.) side

7

边界线

biānjiè xiàn: (n.) borderline

8

jiè: (n.) boundry

9

线

xiàn: (n.) line

10

国土

guótǔ: (n.) national territory; land

11

jiē: (v.) to border on; to connect

12

蒙古

ménggǔ: (n.) Mongolia

13

黄河

huánghé: (n.) Yellow River

14

发展

fāzhǎn: (v./n.) to develop; development

15

象征

xiàngzhēng: (v./n.) to symbolize; symbol

16

气候

qìhòu: (n.) climate

17

季节

jìjié: (n.) season

18

森林

sēnlín: (n.) forest

19

湿润

shīrùn: (adj.) moist; humid

20

干燥

gānzào: (adj.) dry

21

称为

chēngwéi: (v.) to call or be called; to be known as

22

称...为

chēng...wéi: (v.) to call or be called; to be known as

23

巨大

jùdà: (adj.) huge

24

达到

dádào: (v.) to reach; to arrive; to achieve

25

寒冷

hánlěng: (adj.) chill; very cold

26

shěng: (n.) province

27

自治区

zìzhìqū: (n.) autonomous region

28

直辖市

zhíxiáshì: (n.) municipality directly under the central govenrment

29

行政

xíngzhèng: (n.) administration

30

香港

xiānggǎng: (n.) Hong Kong

31

澳门

àomén: (n.) Macao

32

实行

shíxíng: (v.) to carry out; to practice

33

zhì: (n.) system

34

制度

zhìdù: (n.) system

35

汉族

hànzú: (n.) the Han nationality

36

zhàn: (v.) to occupy; to account for

37

人口

rénkǒu: (n.) population

38

亿

yì: a hundred million

39

农业

nóngyè: (n.) agriculture

40

土地

tǔdì: (n.) land; soil; territory

41

解决

jiějué: (v.) to solve; to resolve

42

首先

shǒuxiān: (adv.) first

43

年代

niándài: (n.) age; time; years; a decade or century

44

计划生育

jìhuà shēngyù: family planning; birth control

45

生育

shēngyù: (v.) to give birth; to bear

46

政策

zhèngcè: (n.) policy

47

控制

kòngzhì: (v./n.) to control

48

增长

zēngzhǎng: (v./n.) to increase; to go up; growth

49

共和国

gònghé guó: (n.) republic

50

共和

gònghé: (n.) republic; republicanism

51

建立

jiànlì: (v.) to establish; to erect

52

社会主义

shèhuìzhǔyì: (n.) socialism

53

民主

mínzhǔ: (n./adj.) democracy; democratic

54

选举

xuǎnjǔ: (v.) to vote; election

55

接受

jiēshòu: (v.) to accept; to receive

56

共产党

gòngchǎndǎng: (n.) the Communist Party

57

dǎng: (n.) political party

58

领导

língdǎo: (v./n.) to lead; leadership

59

联合国

liánhéguó: (n.) the United Nations

60

联合

liánhé: (v./n.) to unite; to combine

61

改革

gǎigé: (v.) to reform

62

开放

kāifàng: (v.) to open (to the outside world); to open to the public

63

变化

biànhuà: (v./n.) to change; change

64

因此

yīncǐ: (conj.) therefore; so; for this reason; consequently

65

刮风

guāfēng: (v.o.) (of the wind) to blow

66

中华

zhōnghuá: (n.) the Chinese Nation; China

67

污染

wūrǎn: (n.) pollution

68

雾霾

wùmái: (n.) haze; smog