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Flashcards in 103 - NSW Hx Deck (25):
1

Discuss the Hx and development of SOCOM

- 16 April 1987
- MacDill AFB, FL
- 4-Star Flag or General Officer
- 4 components: USASOC, NAVSPECWARCOM, AFSOC, MARSOC
- 1 unified component: JSOC

2

Discuss the Hx and development of JSOC

- Establish in 1980 on recommendation of Col. Charlie Beckwith, in the aftermath of the failure of Operation Eagle Claw (one of the helicopters crashed into transport aircraft)
- Ft. Bragg, NC
- HQ designed to study Special Operations Requirements and Techniques
- Standardization of equipment
- Development of tactics

3

Discuss the Hx and development of NAVSPECWARCOM

- 16 April 1987
- NAB, Coronado, CA
- Develop maritime SpecOps strategy/doctrine/tactics

4

Organizations that lead to present NSW warriors:

- Scouts and Raiders
- OSS Swimmers
- Beach Jumpers
- UDT (Underwater Demolition Teams)
- Motor Torpedo Boat Squadrons of WWII
- Naval Combat Demolition (NCD)

5

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in WWII:

- Army and Navy merged for Training in Little Creek, VA to begin amphibious Scouts
- Scouts and Raiders commissioned in 1942
- First mission of Scouts was "Operation Torch" in 1942
- Creation of UDTs
- First UDT mission "Operation Flintlock" 31 January 1944
- April 1944 UDTs deployed to England to prepare for Operation Overlord (D-Day)

6

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Korea:

- UDTs expand into 3 separate Teams of 300 men
- 15 September 1950, UDTs supported mine clearing Operation Chromite

7

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Vietnam:

- 12 October 1950, two U.S. mine sweepers hit mines and sank. UDTs rescued 25 Sailors
- 1962, JFK establish SEAL Team 1 and 2 (formed with UDT personnel)

8

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Panama:

- 1989, Operation Just Cause: invasion of Panama
- Secured Atlantic and Pacific entrances of Panama Canal
- Conducted RECON and Search & Seizure missions

9

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Grenada:

- 25 October 1983, SEALs took part in Operation Urgent Fury (the invasion of Grenada)
- First Major OPS since Vietnam
- SEALs conduct night beach RECON
- direct action agains enemy controlled radio station

10

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Haiti:

- May-September 1994: Amphib RECON OP Support Democracy and Uphold Democracy
- Planned to be largest Air assault since D-Day
- Diplomatic efforts of Colin Powell changed it from combat mission to peace keeping/nation building mission

11

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Balkans:

- December 1995-June 1998: Operation Joint Endeavor/Guard
- Conducted RECON
- served as Joint Commission Observers in Bosnia

12

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Operation Enduring Freedom:

- in response to 9/11 NSW had operators on the ground in October
- First Flag Officer in Afghanistan was a SEAL
- Operation Anaconda
- Operation Redwing

13

Discuss Naval SOF Forces role in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF):

- OIF employed largest number of SEALs in its Hx
- 12-memeber SF Teams infiltrated South and West of Iraq
- Seized Oiled Terminals and pumping stations on the Southern Coast.

14

Admiral Eric Olson

- 9 July 2007, eighth Commander and First Naval Officer of USSOCOM

15

RADM Draper L. Kauffmann

- Father of Naval Combat Demolition (EOD)
- June 1943, formed first NCD Team
- 1944, established Demolition training at Ft.Pierce, FL

16

When was MARSOC established and where?

- 24 February 2006
- Camp Lejeune, NC

17

CAPT Phil H. Bucklew

- Father of NSW
- among the first teams of Scouts and Raiders

18

LT Thomas R. Norris

- MOH (1 of 3 SEALs)
- Vietnam
- rescued 2 pilots (disguised as fishermen to evade enemy)

19

LT Michael E. Thornton

- MOH (1 of 3 SEALs)
- Vietnam
- rescued LT Norris and swam for 2 hours

20

LT Michael P. Murphy

- MOH
- Operation Redwing

21

LTJG Joseph R. Kerrey

- MOH
- lead team to capture high ranking Vietnam Politicians after injury from grenade

22

BMCM(SEAL) Rudy Boesch

- served 1945-1990 (45 years of active duty)
- volunteered for Scouts and Raiders
- UDT for 11 years
- 1 of 50 hand selected for SEAL Team 2

23

BMC James E. Williams (not a SEAL)

- MOH (1 of 32 Native Americans)
- patrol commander for River Patrol Boat 105
- 50 vessels were destroyed

24

SO2(SEAL) Michael Monsoor

- MOH
- 29 September 2006
- covered a grenade with his body saving 11 Teammates

25

SOCS(SEAL) Edward Byers

- MOH
- shielded American hostage with his body and subdued a guard with bare hands.