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Flashcards in 11-248 Flash Cards Deck (108):
1

Inside Downwind Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps LDG)

120 KIAS, 45%, 1/4 Ground and 3/4 Sky

2

Inside Downwind Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps TO)

120 KIAS, 35%, 1/4 Ground and 3/4 Sky

3

Inside Downwind Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps UP)

120 KIAS, 30%, Spinner on Horizon

4

Final Turn Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps LDG)

110 KIAS (or on speed AOA), ~18%, 2/3 Ground and 1/3 Sky

5

Final Turn Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps T/O)

115 KIAS (or on speed AOA), ~15%, 2/3 Ground and 1/3 Sky

6

Final Turn Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps UP

120 KIAS (or on speed AOA), ~12%, 1/2 Ground and 1/2 Sky

7

Final Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps LDG)

100 KIAS (or on speed AOA), ~16-18%, Aim point 1/2 windscreen

8

Final Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps T/O)

105 KIAS (or on speed AOA), ~14-16%, Aim point 1/2 windscreen

9

Final Airspeed, Torque, & Pitch Attitude (Gear down, flaps UP)

110 KIAS (or on speed AOA), ~12-14%, Aim point 1/3 windscreen

10

Touchdown Airspeed Target/Range, & Target Touchdown Zone (Gear down, flaps LDG)

80 (75-90) KIAS, 500 - 1,000 ft down

11

Touchdown Airspeed Target/Range, & Target Touchdown Zone (Gear down, flaps T/O)

85 (80-95) KIAS, 500 - 1,000 ft down

12

Touchdown Airspeed Target/Range, & Target Touchdown Zone (Gear down, flaps UP)

90 (85-100) KIAS, 500 - 1,500 ft down

13

What two options exist for engine failure?

Ejection or Recovery to a suitable airfield

14

The Three "F's"

Fire, FOD, or Frozen

15

The six skills needed for CRM?

1 SA, 2 Flight Integrity and Wingman Consideration, 3 Task Management, 4 Communication, 5 Risk Management or Decision Making, 6 Mission Planning, Briefing and Debriefing

16

Typical ORM assessments include analysis in the following general categories...

Environmental Conditions (WX, Bird status, etc.), Mission Profile (Formation, VFR, Low level), Pilot Factors (experience level, fatigue, currency)

17

Systems that are controlled in the FCP

Activation of the auxiliary battery, Manuel fuel balance left/right switch, Environmental Control System controls, Parking Brake position, Emergency gear extension, PMU, Interseat Sequencing System (ISS)

18

How do you check for bleed air inflow?

Pressing the G-suit test button

19

How do you confirm on board oxygen-generation system (OBOGS) is operating

Momentarily turning off supply lever

20

Confirm defog operation by...

Sound or temperature of the defog outlet valves along the canopy rail

21

Confirm external light operations (on the ground) by...

looking for reflections from adjacent aircraft or other surfaces

22

The three primary tools for clearing in the T-6

Eyes, Radios, and TAS

23

What does F.E.V.E.R stand for in an EP under analyzing the situation

F - fluctuating fuel flow. E - excessive ITT. V visual signals (smoke, flames, and oil). E - erratic engine operations. R - roughness (strange noises) and include S - smells

24

Pitch and Power Picture for LEVEL FLIGHT 250 KIAS, Gear UP, Flaps UP?

2 degrees NL, 93%

25

Pitch and Power Picture for LEVEL FLIGHT 200 KIAS, Gear UP, Flaps UP?

0 degrees, 50% + Alt.

26

Pitch and Power Picture for LEVEL FLIGHT 150 KIAS, Gear UP, Flaps UP?

2 degrees NH, 32%

27

Pitch and Power Picture for TECH CLIMB 180 KIAS, Gear UP, Flaps UP?

9 degrees NH, MAX

28

Pitch and Power Picture for TECH CLIMB 160 KIAS, Gear UP, Flaps UP?

12.5 degrees NH, MAX

29

Pitch and Power Picture for TECH CLIMB 140 KIAS, Gear UP, Flaps UP?

17 degrees NH, MAX

30

TAKEOFF Airspeed, Gear, Flaps, Pitch, and Power

85, Down, TO, 7-10 degrees NH, MAX

31

What is slipstream effect?

Thrust generated by the rotation of the propeller induces a corkscrew slipstream effect. Airstream hitting the wing root, fuselage, and tail surfaces. Causes the aircraft to yaw left

32

What is P-factor?

AOA being higher on the downward-moving propeller blade then on the upward blade. Causes the aircraft to yaw left

33

What is the Torque Effect?

Acts opposite the direction of the propeller rotation. Aircraft tends to roll to the left as power is increased. Tends to roll right when power is reduced.

34

What is Gyroscopic Precession (Effect)?

The relatively large propeller on the T-6 and high RPMs result in more precession effect than an aircraft with a lighter, smaller propeller turning at slower RPM. Reactions: If the nose is yawed to the left, the nose tends to pitch up
If the nose is yawed to the right, the nose tends to pitch down

35

What defines a shallow turn?

Less then 30 degrees of bank

36

What defines a steep turn?

45-60 degrees of bank or greater

37

How do you correct nose-low (or nose-high) attitudes in a steep turn?

Reduce (or increase) the AOB with coordinated aileron and rudder pressure

38

What is adverse yaw?

Tendency of the aircraft to yaw away from the direction of aileron input. To counteract, rudder must be used in same direction of aileron input.

39

Normal Taxi Speed?

Not exceed 15 knots in uncongested areas

40

During Engine Shutdown and before stepping down from the aircraft wing what must you ensure?

Ensure the ejection and CFS pins are installed, the ISS is in SOLO, the battery switch and OBOGS lever are both off, the gust lock is engaged and parking brake is set.

41

What two takeoff exists?

Static takeoff, more time to accomplish required checks and verify engine operation, required at night and solo. Rolling takeoff, aids traffic flow in a busy pattern.

42

TAKEOFF FCP Visual Reference and Airspeed?

Spinner on, or slightly below the horizon. 85 KIAS

43

If Crosswind is present on Taxi and TAKEOFF which way do you deflect the control stick?

Deflect the control stick in the direction of the crosswind to keep the upwind wing from lifting

44

What is wake turbulence?

When an aircraft is creating lift. Plan to take off at a point prior to the preceding aircraft's takeoff point or after their point of touchdown

45

Before traffic pattern entry point, use the SUN-G check...

S - Squawk appropriate code
U - UHF/VHF, set to proper freqs.
N - NACWS. Set to range that aids clearing
G - GPS. Select useful waypoint and omnibearing selector to RWY heading

46

Gear down, Flaps TO provides for

highest lift-to-drag ratio

47

What is the Initial Airspeed, Power, Pitch, and FCP Visual Reference?

Aligns the aircraft with landing RWY. 200 KIAS. 50% + 1% per 1,000 ft MSL altitude. Pitch as required for level flight. Half ground, half sky.

48

What is the Break zone?

Transition from initial to inside downwind. The break zone is between the approach end and 3,000 ft down the RWY

49

What is the Break Airspeed, Power, FCP Visual Reference?

Slow from 200 to 120-150 KIAS. ~10%. Drag NACWS/TAS antenna across horizon

50

What is the glide path and aimpoint on final?

Glide path is 3-4 degrees. Aim point is RWY threshold

51

In a Straight-In Approach when do you descent to 500 AGL?

Before the 5 mile radar point

52

In a Straight-In Approach when do you configure?

At 2 mile point. Slow to final approach speed once configured and before starting descent on glide path.

53

What does RAP stand for when introducing crosswind controls (wing-low)

R - rudder to align the nose with the RWY. A - aileron into the wind to prevent drift. P - power to counteract increased drag

54

Technique for Closed Traffic (Closed Pull-Up)

Power at MAX for start. Begin a climbing turn and pull the nose up until horizon is between the rudder pedals. As you level-off, drop PCL to ~20%. Begin power reduction 100 ft below pattern altitude for every 10 KIAS in excess of 140 KIAS. i.e. Airspeed is 180 KIAS, start power reduction 400 ft below pattern altitude.

55

What is a Low (Drug-In) Final?

Aircraft below proper glide path

56

What is a Steep Final?

Aircraft above proper glide path

57

What is a Slow Final?

Increased pitch attitude is required to maintain lift as airspeed is reduced

58

What are the two types of ELPs?

Force Landing (FL) and Precautionary Emergency Landing (PEL). FL is flown with the engine inoperative (no power)

59

In an actual engine failure remember ORM 3-2-1. What is ORM 3-2-1?

Aircrews will not descent below 2,000 ft AGL unless they are (O)n profile for the intended landing, with (R)WY in sight and in position to safely (M)aneuver to land. The point to make the final decision to continue or eject is (3)00' AGL. At (2)00' AGL, the gear will be confirmed and reported down, (1)00' AGL the aircraft should be on centerline.

60

What is "being on profile" or "being in the bubble" regards to ELPs

Being at sufficient altitude to be able to make an airfield using an engine-out glide

61

What is "bubble hopping" in regards to ELPs?

Being on profile for a near field and climbing so as to be on profile for a further, but more desirable

62

Factors for considering an airfield during ELP?

Distance to airfield, terrain around airfield, RWY length, width, direction, and condition, WX, fire or rescue support, emergency oxygen and electrical power supply, threat to the public if aircraft must be abandoned

63

If greater than ________(airspeed) climb to trade excess airspeed for altitude

150 KIAS

64

Glide Ratio of 2:1 gets?

A clean glide at 125 KIAS should glide 2 miles for every 1,000 ft of altitude loss with a VSI of approximately 1,350-1,500 fpm

65

Target Altitude and Configuration, Airspeed, and Position Description for HIGH KEY on ELP

3,000' AGL. Gear down. 120 KIAS minimum or on-speed AOA. 1/3 down planned, WTD abeam or directly over intended point of landing

66

Target Altitude and Configuration, Airspeed, and Position Description for CROSS KEY on ELP

2,200-2,300' AGL. Gear down. 120 KIAS minimum or on-speed AOA, whichever is higher. Halfway from high key to low key, approximately perpendicular to the landing RWY

67

Target Altitude and Configuration, Airspeed, and Position Description for LOW KEY on ELP

1,500' AGL. Gear down, flaps TO. 120 KIAS minimum or on-speed AOA, whichever is higher. 2/3 WTD abeam intended landing aimpoint. Fuel cap on RWY

68

Target Altitude and Configuration, Airspeed, and Position Description for BASE KEY on ELP

600-800' AGL. Gear down, flaps LDG (as required). 120 KIAS minimum or on-speed AOA, whichever is higher. Halfway between low key and final

69

Target Altitude and Configuration, Airspeed, and Position Description for FINAL on ELP

N/A. Gear down flaps LDG as required. 110 KIAS (minimum). Plan for 1,000 ft (minimum) final prior to the intended point of touchdown, which is the first 1/3 of RWY

70

When entering the MOA and leaving the MOA a FENCE check is performed. What is FENCE?

F - Fuel (balance and quantity). E - engine (within limits). N - NAVAIDS (GPS/EHSI); NACWS (check range setting and clear the airspace). C - Communication (frequencies set, radio call). E - Equipment (G-suit test as required, loose items stowed)

71

Use a CLEF check prior to stalling, spinning, or aerobatic maneuvers. What is CLEF?

C - clear the area (also CWS panel clear). L - loose items stowed. E - Engine (within limits). F - fuel balance (within 50 pounds)

72

Optimum energy for an aerobatic maneuver is ____

180-220 KIAS

73

What aerobatic maneuvers are energy losers?

Spin, Traffic Pattern Stalls, Cloverleaf, Split-S, Nose-low recovery ELP stalls, and high G-turns with lower power settings

74

What aerobatic maneuvers are energy gainers?

Power-on stalls, nose-high recovery, stability demonstration and Chandelle

75

Airspeed, Power, Pitch, Bank, and FCP Visual Reference for Power-On stalls?

As required (~150 KIAS). Entry 30-60%, Recovery MAX. Entry 15-40 degrees NH. O* for straight-ahead stall, 20-30* for a turning stall. Entry, Crook of front windscreen on horizon. Recovery, initially firelight on horizon

76

Airspeed, Power, FCP Visual Reference of ELP stalls?

Clean 125 KIAS or Configured at 120 KIAS. 4-6%. Visual Reference on Recovery, Clean is one-half prop arc on the horizon. Configured, prop arc on horizon

77

Altitude loss ELP stall from 1. Glide to High Key 2. High and Low Key 3. Low Key and Runway

1. ~300 ft 2. ~800 ft 3. ~900 ft

78

What are the five possible traffic pattern errors?

1. An overshooting (NL), accelerated stall simulating overshooting crosswinds or improper perch spacing. 2. An undershooting stall simulating a combination of inadvertently placing the PCL to idle (zero torque) and poor airspeed crosscheck. 3. A landing attitude stall simulating an improper landing assured decision (PCL to idle) or improperly flown roundout and flare. 4. A break turn stall simulating an exaggerated aggressive break. 5. A close pull-up stall simulating an exaggerated pull-up with poor airspeed and altitude crosscheck

79

Airspeed, Power, Initial Turn for Traffic Pattern Stalls?

Final turn setups, 120 KIAS (minimum). Final turn setup 10-15%, To induce stall, 0% Recovery is MAX. Initial Turn = 30 degrees.

80

Slow Flight, Flaps LDG, TO, UP Airspeeds

Flaps LDG = 80-85 KIAS, Flaps TO = 85-90 KIAS, Flaps UP = 90-95 KIAS. Gear = DOWN

81

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in AILERON ROLL

180-220. 80% - MAX. 1,000'. Neutral

82

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in BARRAL ROLL

200-220. 80% - MAX. +2,000' - 1,000'. Neutral

83

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in CHANDELLE

200-250. MAX. +3,000'. Gaining

84

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in CLOVERLEAF

200-220. 80% - MAX. +3,000' - 1,000'. Slightly losing

85

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in IMMELMANN

230-250. 80% - MAX. +3,000'. Gaining

86

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in CUBAN EIGHT.

230-250. MAX. +3,000'. Neutral

87

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in LAZY EIGHT.

200-220. 50-60%. +2,000' - 1,000'. Neutral

88

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in LOOP.

230-250. MAX. +3,000'. Neutral

89

Airspeed, Torque, Altitude, and Energy Gain/Loss for Entry in SPLIT-S

120-140. Idle to 80%. +500' - 2,000' (@ 75%) - 2,500 (@ Idle). Losing

90

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, and FCP Visual Reference of AILERON ROLL?

180-220 KIAS. 80% - MAX. Wings-level @ entry, 20-30* NH pitch attitude. Visual Reference, Corner of front windscreen on the horizon to start roll.

91

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, and FCP Visual Reference of LAZY EIGHT?

200-220 KIAS. 50-60%. Wings-level @ entry, 90 degrees MAX bank, 45 degrees MAX NH pitch. Visual Reference, bottom foot on or slightly above horizon at top leaf, feet splitting horizon as you come through horizon, top foot on horizon at bottom of leaf.

92

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, Altitude and FCP Visual Reference of BARREL ROLL?

200-220 KIAS. 80% - MAX. Wings-level @ entry. ~2,000 ft above and 1,000 feet below entry altitude. Reference point at or near the center of front windscreen

93

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, Altitude and FCP Visual Reference of LOOP?

230-250 KIAS. MAX. Wings level to horizon throughout the maneuver. ~3,000' above entry altitude. Visual Reference, wingtips equidistant from horizon in pull-up.

94

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, Altitude and FCP Visual Reference of IMMELMANN?

230-250 KIAS. MAX. Wings level to horizon before and after half roll at loop. ~3,000' feet above entry altitude. Visual Reference, wingtips equidistant from horizon in pull-up

95

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, Altitude and FCP Visual Reference of SPLIT-S?

120-140 KIAS. Idle - 80%. Entry, 20* NH, wings-level before and throughout pull. ~2,500' below entry altitude. Visual Reference, corner of forward windscreen on horizon to start roll

96

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, Altitude and FCP Visual Reference of CUBAN EIGHT?

230-250 KIAS. MAX. Wings level to horizon throughout maneuver. ~3,000' above entry altitude. Visual Reference, wingtips equidistant from horizon in pull-up & seat on horizon when 45* NL, inverted.

97

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, Altitude and FCP Visual Reference of CLOVERLEAF?

200-220 KIAS. 80% - MAX. Wings level for pull-up and pull-through. ~3,000' above and 1,000' below entry altitude. Visual Reference, wingtips equidistant from horizon in pull-up, feet on horizon when 45* NH

98

Airspeed, Power, Attitude, Altitude and FCP Visual Reference of CHANDELLE?

200-250 KIAS. MAX. Entry, wings level, 15* NL; Exit, wings level 45* NH. ~3,000' above entry altitude

99

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in Vertical S-Up

150, 4 NH, 55%

100

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in Vertical S-DOWN

150, 2 NL, 15%

101

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in 45* STEEP TURN

150, 3 NH, 45%

102

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in 60* STEEP TURN

150, 4 NH, 60%

103

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in WINGOVER

220, 80% - MAX

104

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in AILERON ROLL

220, 15-25 NH, 80% - MAX

105

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in PENETRATION

200, 8 NL = 5%, 10 NL = 25% & Speed Brake

106

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in En Route Descent

200, 5 NL = 20%, 7.5 NL = 8%

107

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in FINAL APPROACH

110, 3 NH, 35%

108

Airspeed, Pitch, and Torque in PRECISION FINAL

110, Line-on = 21%, Line = 0, 1 NL = 16%