Flashcards in 1.10.2018 Deck (11):
how many species do we know?
how many species do we believe exist?
85% of species are unknown
yes/no system that uses characteristics to identify organisms
a discipline focused on classifying organisms and determining their evolutionary relationships
2 sub disciplines of systematics
describing and naming organisms
what does taxonomy do?
distinguish close relatives
arrange into broader categories
hierarchical classification (from most broad to least broad)
rules for binomial nomenclature
Genus is capitalized
species is lowercase
both are italicized
when handwritten, underline them
naming system that ensures that every species has an unambiguous name and that is globally understood (since latin is a dead language it no longer changes, thus people around the world can understand it)