1.1.1 and 1.1.2 Flashcards Preview

Psychology > 1.1.1 and 1.1.2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.1.1 and 1.1.2 Deck (26):
1

Confucius

Stressed the power of ideas and of an educated mind

2

Hebrew scholars

Anticipated today's psychology by linking mind and emotion to the body

3

Socrates and Pluto

Concludes that mind is separable from body and continues after the body dies; knowledge is born within us

4

Aristotle

Concluded that knowledge is not preexisting instead it grows from the experiences stores in our memories

5

René Descortes

Memories formed as experiences opened pored in the brain into which the animal spirits also flowed

6

Francis Bacon

Our mind hungers to perforce patterns even in random events

7

John Locke

The mind at both is a black slate in which experience writes

8

Empiricism

The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore rely on observation and experimentation

9

Wilhelm Wundt

Experimented with people pressing and button when hearing a ball hit a platform

10

Early schools of psychology

Structuralism, functionalism, and behaviorism

11

Structuralism

An early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind (Edward Bradford Titchener)

12

William James

Assumes that thinking, like smelling, developed because it helped with out ancestor's survival

13

Consciousness

Enables us to consider it past, adjust to our present circumstances, and plan our future

14

Functionalism

A school of psychology that focused on how out mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish

15

Mary Calkins

Earned a Ph.D in psychology at Harvard but was denied the degree; became the 1st female president of the America Psychological Association

16

Margaret Floy Washburn

Became the 2nd female APA president

17

Experimental psychologists

Explore behavior and thinking with experiments

18

Wundt and Titchener

Focused on inner sensations, images, and feelings

19

James

Engaged in introspective examination of the streak of consciousness and of emotion

20

Freud

Emphasized the ways emotional responses to childhood experiences and our unconscious thought processes affect out behavior

21

Behaviorism

The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes

22

Humanistic psychology

Historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth (Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow)

23

Cognitive revolution

Supported ideas developed by earlier psychologist such as the importance of how our mind processes and retains information

24

Cognitive neuroscience

The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language

25

Psychology

The science of behavior and mental processes

26

Buddha

Pondered how sensations and perceptions combine to form ideas