Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 8 - OCD Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 8 - OCD Deck (18)
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1
Q

A disorder characterized by both repetitive vocal tics or vocalizations and motor acts and tics

A

tourettes’s disorder

2
Q

The involuntary shouting or repeating of obscene words

A

coprolalia

3
Q

A mental disorder in which individuals have persistent difficulties have discarding or partying with possessions, regardless of their actual value, leading to severe cluttering of their personal living spaces.

A

hoarding disorder

4
Q

hoarding is more commonly correlated with symptoms of ___________ rather than OCD symptoms.

A

depression

5
Q

A mental disorder in which individuals are preoccupied with one or more perceived defects in their physical appearance and perform repetitive behaviors or mental acts in response to these appearance-related concerns

A

body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)

6
Q

A mental disorder that involves recurrent pulling out of one’s hair, resulting in distress and hair loss, along with repeated attempts to decrease or stop the pulling

A

trichotillomania (TTM; hair-pulling disorder)

7
Q

A mental disorder that involves recurrent skin picking, resulting in distress and skin lesions, with repeated attempts to decrease or stop the picking.

A

excoriation (skin picking disorder)

8
Q

As for anxiety disorders, ________ and _________ behavioral theories are currently the leading explanations for how OCD develops.

A

biological and cognitive

9
Q

The body’s most prominent neurotransmitter, the brain’s main excitatory neurotransmitter, and also the precursor for GABA, the brain’s main inhibitory neurotransmitter.

A

glutamate

10
Q

A neurotransmitter that influences emotion, sleep, and behavioral control.

A

serotonin

11
Q

A type of drug used to treat mental disorders such as depression and that works by slowing the reuptake of serotonin.

A

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)

12
Q

Clusters of the brain cells (nuclei) that are situated at the base of the forebrain and that are associated with a variety of functions, including control of voluntary motor movements, procedural learning, routine behaviors or “habits,” cognition, and emotion. 🥬

A

basal ganglia

13
Q

The area of the cerebral cortex that controls executive functions, such as planning and carrying out goal directed activities.

A

frontal lobe

14
Q

A person with ____ almost believes thinking intrusive thoughts is just as bad as doing them.

A

OCD

15
Q

Clomipramine (sold as Anafranil)

A

a drug that inhibits the reuptake of serotonin

other SSRIs are: Prozac and Zoloft

16
Q

A behavior treatment for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders that involves having individuals face (rather than avoid) their anxiety-provoking obsessions, material possessions, or body concerns without engaging in their usual compulsive or avoidant behavioral rituals.

A

exposure and response prevention (ERP)

17
Q

In addition to the basal ganglia, researchers believe that these 2 connections are implicated in OCD 🦷

A

orbitofrontal cortex and congulate gyrus

18
Q

cognitive-behavioral treatment used for hair pulling, skin picking, tics, or other problem “habits” and that involves awareness training, competing response training, and social support.

A

habit reversal training