A disorder characterized by both repetitive vocal tics or vocalizations and motor acts and tics
The involuntary shouting or repeating of obscene words
A mental disorder in which individuals have persistent difficulties have discarding or partying with possessions, regardless of their actual value, leading to severe cluttering of their personal living spaces.
hoarding is more commonly correlated with symptoms of ___________ rather than OCD symptoms.
A mental disorder in which individuals are preoccupied with one or more perceived defects in their physical appearance and perform repetitive behaviors or mental acts in response to these appearance-related concerns
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
A mental disorder that involves recurrent pulling out of one’s hair, resulting in distress and hair loss, along with repeated attempts to decrease or stop the pulling
trichotillomania (TTM; hair-pulling disorder)
A mental disorder that involves recurrent skin picking, resulting in distress and skin lesions, with repeated attempts to decrease or stop the picking.
excoriation (skin picking disorder)
As for anxiety disorders, ________ and _________ behavioral theories are currently the leading explanations for how OCD develops.
biological and cognitive
The body’s most prominent neurotransmitter, the brain’s main excitatory neurotransmitter, and also the precursor for GABA, the brain’s main inhibitory neurotransmitter.
A neurotransmitter that influences emotion, sleep, and behavioral control.
A type of drug used to treat mental disorders such as depression and that works by slowing the reuptake of serotonin.
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI)
Clusters of the brain cells (nuclei) that are situated at the base of the forebrain and that are associated with a variety of functions, including control of voluntary motor movements, procedural learning, routine behaviors or “habits,” cognition, and emotion. 🥬
The area of the cerebral cortex that controls executive functions, such as planning and carrying out goal directed activities.
A person with ____ almost believes thinking intrusive thoughts is just as bad as doing them.
Clomipramine (sold as Anafranil)
a drug that inhibits the reuptake of serotonin
other SSRIs are: Prozac and Zoloft
A behavior treatment for obsessive-compulsive and related disorders that involves having individuals face (rather than avoid) their anxiety-provoking obsessions, material possessions, or body concerns without engaging in their usual compulsive or avoidant behavioral rituals.
exposure and response prevention (ERP)
In addition to the basal ganglia, researchers believe that these 2 connections are implicated in OCD 🦷
orbitofrontal cortex and congulate gyrus
cognitive-behavioral treatment used for hair pulling, skin picking, tics, or other problem “habits” and that involves awareness training, competing response training, and social support.
habit reversal training