1.1.2. Venous Drainage of the Lower Limb Flashcards Preview

Nessy Anatomy MSK Lower Limb > 1.1.2. Venous Drainage of the Lower Limb > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.1.2. Venous Drainage of the Lower Limb Deck (39)
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1

What do Veins in the Lower Limb carry?

Deoxygenated Blood

2

Where do Veins in the Lower Limb Carry Deoxygenated Blood to?

The Heart

3

What are the 2 Groups of Veins in the Lower Limb?

1. Deep Veins
2. Superficial Veins

4

Where are the Deep Veins of the Lower Limb located?

Beneath the Deep Fascia of the Lower Limb

5

What is a General Rule for the names and locations of the Deep Veins of the Lower Limb?

They accompany and share the name of the Major Arteries in the Lower Limb
Note - These Veins are often located in the same Vascular Sheath so that the Arterial Pulsations aid Venous Return

6

What is the main Venous structure of the Foot?

Dorsal Venous Arch

7

Does the Dorsal Venous Arch drain mostly into Deep or Superficial Veins?

Superficial

8

Some of the veins of the Dorsal Venous Arch penetrate deep into the leg, what do they form?

The Anterior Tibial Vein

9

What Veins arise on the Plantar aspect of the Foot?

1. Medial Plantar Vein
2. Lateral Plantar Vein

10

What do the Medial and Lateral Plantar Veins combine to form?

1. Posterior Tibial Vein
2. Posterior Fibular Vein

11

What does the Posterior Tibial Vein accompany?

The Posterior Tibial Artery

12

Where does the Posterior Tibial Vein enter the Leg?

Posterior to the Medial Malleolus

13

What do the Anterior Tibial Vein, Posterior Tibial Vein, and Posterior Fibular Vein combine to form?

The Popliteal Vein

14

Where does the Popliteal Vein arise?

On the Posterior Surface of the Knee

15

How does the Popliteal Vein enter the Thigh?

Via the Adductor Canal

16

What is the Popliteal Vein known as after it enters into the Thigh?

The Femoral Vein

17

What does the Femoral Vein accompany?

The Femoral Artery

18

Where is the Femoral Vein located, in relation to the Femoral Artery?

Anteriorly

19

What, other than the Femoral Vein, is the main Venous Structure in the Thigh?

Profunda Femoris Vein (Deep Vein of the Thigh)

20

What does the Profunda Femoris Vein (Deep Vein of the Thigh) drain?

Blood from the Thigh Muscles

21

How does the Profunda Femoris Vein (Deep Vein of the Thigh) drain Blood from the Thigh Muscles?

Via Perforating Veins

22

Where does the Profunda Femoris Vein (Deep Vein of the Thigh) empty into?

Distal Section of the Femoral Vein

23

What does the Femoral Vein leave the Thigh underneath?

The Inguinal Ligament

24

What is the Femoral Vein known as, after it has left the Thigh?

The External Iliac Vein

25

What Deep Veins drain the Gluteal Region?

1. Superior Gluteal Vein
2. Inferior Gluteal Vein

26

Where do the Superior and Inferior Gluteal Veins empty into?

The External Iliac Vein

27

Where are the Superficial Vein of the Lower Limb located?

In the Subcutaneous Tissue

28

What are the 2 Major Superficial Veins of the Lower Limbs?

1. The Great Saphenous Vein
2. The Small Saphenous Vein

29

What forms the Great Saphenous Vein?

1. Dorsal Venous Arch of the Foot
2. Dorsal Vein of the Big Toe

30

Where does the Great Saphenous Vein travel?

The Medial Side of the Leg, passing:
1. Anteriorly to the Medial Malleolus
2. Posteriorly to the Medial Condyle of the Knee