1.2.3. Neurovascular Supply of the Hip Joint Flashcards Preview

Nessy Anatomy MSK Lower Limb > 1.2.3. Neurovascular Supply of the Hip Joint > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.2.3. Neurovascular Supply of the Hip Joint Deck (10)
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1

What are the main Arteries which supply the Hip Joint?

1. Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery
2. Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery

2

What are the Medial and Lateral Circumflex Femoral Arteries a branch of?

Profunda Femoris Artery (A deep Femoral Artery)

3

What happens to the Medial and Lateral Circumflex Femoral Arteries at the Base of the Femoral Neck?

They Anastomose

4

As the Medial and Lateral Circumflex Femoral Arteries Anastomose, what is formed?

A Ring

5

How does the Ring, formed by the Anastomosis of the Medial and Lateral Circumflex Femoral Arteries, supply the Hip Joint?

Smaller Arteries arise from this Ring, which supplies the Hip Joint

6

Which Artery is mainly responsible for the majority of the Arterial supply to the Hip Joint?

The Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery

7

Why is the Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery responsible for the majority of the Arterial supply to the Hip Joint?

The Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery needs to penetrate through the thick Iliofemoral Ligament

8

What can damage to the Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery result in?

Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

9

What Arteries also provide additional Arterial supply to the Hip Joint?

1. The Artery to the Head of the Femur
2. The Superior Gluteal Artery
3. The Inferior Gluteal Artery

10

Which Nerves (4) innervate the Hip Joint?

1. The Femoral Nerve
2. The Obturator Nerve
3. The Superior Gluteal Nerve
4. The Nerve to the Quadratus Femoris