Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 10 - Dissociative Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abnormal Psychology: Chapter 10 - Dissociative Disorders Deck (20)
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1
Q

A mental disorder that involves disruptions in a person’s normally integrated sense of memory, consciousness, or identity.

A

dissociative disorder

2
Q

The process by which the normally integrated elements of consciousness, memory, and personal identity become splintered

A

dissociation

3
Q

A feeling that individuals have become detached from their real self, as if they are observing themselves from outside the body.

A

depersonalization

4
Q

A feeling that objects or events are strange or unreal, or have suddenly changed shape, size, or location.

A

derealization

5
Q

Individuals’ uncertainty about the nature of their own identity, of who they are.

A

identity confusion

6
Q

Behavioral patterns suggesting that individuals have assumed a new identity

A

identity alteration

7
Q

The sense that another spirit or being has taken over one’s behavior or mental processes.

A

pathological possession

8
Q

In dissociative identity disorder, the process of changing from one personality to another; thought to be stimulated by anxiety.

A

switching

9
Q

Sudden loss of memory for personally important information that is not caused by a medical condition or other mental disorder; usually following a stressful event.

A

dissociative amnesia

10
Q

Loss of memory for a distinct period of time, usually the few hours immediately after a specific trauma.

A

localized amnesia

11
Q

Ability to remember only some of the events surrounding a trauma; the remainder are forgotten.

A

selective amnesia

12
Q

Loss of memory of a person’s entire life

A

generalized amnesia

13
Q

The loss of memory for events from a particular time or trauma up to the present.

A

continuous amnesia

14
Q

Loss of memory for certain classes of information.

A

systematized amnesia

15
Q

A dissociative state in which individuals travel to a new location without remembering their pre-fugue life, often also becoming confused about their identity.

A

dissociative fugue

16
Q

A disorder in which individuals experience both depersonalization (detachment from others or themselves) and derealization (feeling that the world is not real) in the absence of other physical and mental disorders.

A

depersonalization/derealization disorder

17
Q

The claim that dissociative identity disorder is caused by childhood trauma, with which the person tries to cope by creating alternate personalities.

A

post-traumatic model (PTM)

18
Q

The claim that dissociative identity disorder is a diagnosis given to people who have learning to enact a role that emphasizes multiple personalities, often in response to suggestions from therapist, media portrayals, or cultural influences; has been extended as the fantasy model.

A

sociocognitive model

19
Q

The claim that dissociation makes individuals prone to fantasy, thereby engendering confabulated memories of trauma commonly seen in people with dissociative identity disorders.

A

fantasy model (FM)

20
Q

A dimension of personality that describes a person’s tendency to become caught up in private reveries, imaginings, or a current task, to the exclusion of surrounding stimuli; also known as fantasy proneness or imaginative involvement.

A

absorption